Nauruan parliamentary election, 2013
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politics and government of
Parliamentary elections were held in Nauru on 8 June 2013. After Parliament was dissolved on 1 March, the elections were set for 6 April. However, a Supreme Court ruling annulled the dissolution and cancelled the elections. Parliament was dissolved again on 23 May, approximately one month before the normal end of its mandate, and elections were set for 22 June 2013, however President Sprent Dabwido declared a state of emergency and brought the election forward to 8 June. Parliament first sat on June 11 and Fisheries Minister Baron Waqa, the leader of the government forces, was elected president.
In February 2013 a constitutional crisis developed after two cabinet members resigned and a third was sacked by President Sprent Dabwido, leaving just two members in the cabinet, whilst the 18-member Parliament split into three factions. On 1 March Parliamentary Speaker Ludwig Scotty dissolved Parliament due to unruly behaviour by MPs, and elections were set for 6 April.
Former President Marcus Stephen, who was one of the cabinet members to leave in February threatened to bring a legal challenge against the dissolution, claiming it had been carried out in an unconstitutional manner as MPs had not been given the chance to challenge the dissolution. When Stephens and seven other MPs did take the matter to the Supreme Court, it ruled that the adjournment had been carried out unconstitutionally. However, a government spokesman claimed that the Court had no power to force Scotty to reconvene Parliament.
In mid-March the Supreme Court ruled that as the dissolution was null and void, the writ issued for elections in April was also null and void.
Speaker Scotty resigned on 18 April and was replaced by Godfrey Thoma on 25 April. Thoma announced on 16 May that Parliament would be dissolved a week from that date. Speaker Thoma dissolved Parliament on 23 May and set elections for 22 June. On 27 May 2013 President Dabwido declared a state of emergency and re-set the election for 8 June 2013.
MPs are elected in eight multi-members constituencies using the Dowdall system, a modified version of the Borda count. Voters rank candidates by preference, with the first preference given a score of 1, the second preference a score of ½, the third preference a score of ⅓ and so on. Voters must rank all candidates on the ballot for it to be valid. The candidates with the highest scores win the seats in a constituency.
Until this election there had been 18 seats in Parliament with seven two-seat constituencies and one four-seat constituency, but following the June 2010 elections Parliament passed a bill to increase the number of seats to 19 to avoid 9–9 ties in the legislature. The extra member will be elected in the Meneng Constituency, which previously had two seats.
A record total of 68 candidates registered for the elections.
|Pamela Eibutsina Scriven||170.950|
|Paul Nubwit Doguape||136.717|
|Aloysius Gonzaga Namaduk||185.562|
|Vinson Franco Detenamo||153.155|
|Doneke Jim Kepae||228.710|
|Nemo Levi Agadio||185.627|
|John Taumea Agadio||172.250|
|Russ J. Kun||373.357||Elected|
|Samuel Hansome Adumur||267.771|
|George Giovanni Gioura||252.633|
|Arde Ricky Bam||189.442|
|David Corey Dowiyogo||180.847|
|John Daigon Panen Julius||170.333|
|Source: Government of Nauru|
- Nauru calls emergency for early elections Adelaid Now, 27 May 2013
- Nauru awaits election date with parliament set to be dissolved PINA, 1 March 2013
- Nauru parliament dissolved and election date announced RZNI, 11 March 2013
- Supreme court orders cancellation of Nauru election RZNI, 15 March 2013
- Nauru calls June 22 election 9 News, 23 May 2013
- Nauru MP Alleges Government Has Lost Mandate Pacific Islands Report, 20 February 2013
- Nauru’s Speaker dissolves parliament Politics Abroad, 1 March 2013
- Nauru MP could bring legal challenge over parliamentary adjournment Radio New Zealand International, 1 March 2013
- Nauru court rules parliament illegally adjourned RZNI, 7 March 2013
- Nauru parliament adjournment risks constitutional crisis RZNI, 7 March 2013
- Nauru MPs fail to topple president RNZI, 16 May 2013
- Election Profile IFES
- Nauru country brief Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
- President Dabwido gives it another go Island Business, 6 June 2013
- Nauru prepares for ’critical’ elections this weekend RZNI, 7 June 2013