Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind (manga)
|Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind|
North American cover of the second volume of Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind
(Kaze no Tani no Naushika)
|Genre||Adventure, Drama, Fantasy, Science fiction|
|Written by||Hayao Miyazaki|
|Published by||Tokuma Shoten|
|Original run||February 1982 – March 1994|
Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind (風の谷のナウシカ Kaze no Tani no Naushika ) is a manga written and illustrated by anime director Hayao Miyazaki. It was serialized intermittently, from 1982 to 1994, in Tokuma Shoten's monthly magazine Animage in Japan. English translations are published by Viz Media. It tells the story of Nausicaä, a princess of a small kingdom on a post-apocalyptic Earth with a new ecological system, who becomes involved in a war between kingdoms while an environmental disaster threatens the survival of humankind. On her journey, she struggles to bring about a peaceful coexistence among the people of her world, as well as between humanity and nature.
The first sixteen chapters (approximately the first two collected volumes) of the manga were adapted by Miyazaki into his film of the same name.
The story is set in the future, at the closing of the ceramic era, 1,000 years after the Seven Days of Fire, a cataclysmic global war, which destroyed industrial civilization. Although humanity survived, the land surface of the Earth has become heavily polluted and the seas have become poisonous. Most of the world is covered by the Sea of Corruption, a toxic forest of fungal life and plants which is steadily encroaching on the remaining open land. It is protected by large mutant insects, including the massive Ohmu. Humanity clings to survival in the polluted lands beyond the forest, periodically engaging in bouts of internecine fighting for the scarce resources that remain. The ability for space travel has been lost but the earth bound remnants of humanity can still use gliders and Powered aircraft for exploration, transportation and warfare.
Nausicaä is the princess of the Valley of the Wind, a state on the periphery of what was once known as Eftal, a kingdom destroyed by the Sea of Corruption 300 years before the story begins. Grown into an inquisitive young woman she frequently explores the territories surrounding the valley on a jet powered glider. As she grows older she increasingly takes on responsibilities once fulfilled by her, now ailing, father. Taking his place as military chief when the valley is called upon to go to war. The leaders of the Periphery states are now vassals to the Torumekian Emperor and are obliged to send their forces to help when he invades the neighboring Dorok lands. The Torumekians have a strong conventional military, but the Doroks have developed a genetically modified version of a mold from the Sea of Corruption which they use to overwhelm invaders. But when the Doroks introduce this mold into battle, its rapid growth and mutation result in a daikaisho (roughly translated from Japanese as "great tidal wave"), which floods across the land and draws the insects into the battle, killing as many Doroks as Torumekians. In doing so, the Sea of Corruption spreads across most of the Dorok nation, uprooting or killing vast numbers of civilians and rendering most of the land uninhabitable.
The Ohmu and other forest insects respond to this development and sacrifice themselves in order to pacify the uncontrollable expansion of the mold. However, the fact that the mold can be manipulated and used as a weapon disturbs Nausicaä. Her treks into the forest have already taught her that the Sea of Corruption is actually purifying the polluted land. The Forest People, humans who have learned to live in harmony with the Sea of Corruption, confirm this is the purpose of the Sea of Corruption and show Nausicaä a vision of the restored Earth at the center of the forest. Nausicaä travels deeper into Dorok territory, where her coming has long been prophesied, to seek those responsible for manipulating the mold. There, she discovers a God Warrior, which allows her to evade both the Dorok and Torumekian armies.
Nausicaä eventually reaches Shuwa, the Holy City of the Doroks, where she enters the Crypt, a giant monolithic construct from before the Seven Days of Fire. There, she learns that the last scientists of the industrial era had foreseen the end of their civilization. They created the Sea of Corruption to clean the land, altered human genes to cope with the pollution, stored their own personalities inside the Crypt, and waited for the day when they could re-emerge. However, their continual manipulation of the population is at odds with Nausicaä's belief in the natural order and has led to the cycles of violence which have plagued the world for a thousand years. She orders the God-Warrior to destroy its progenitors, giving humanity the opportunity to live or die without the benefit of the old society's technology.
Miyazaki began his professional career in the animation industry as an inbetweener at Toei in 1963 but soon had additional responsibilities in the creation processes.[a] Working primarily on animation projects for TV and Cinema he also pursued his dream of creating manga.[b] In conjunction with his work as a key animator on Puss 'n Boots his manga adaptation of the same title was published in 1969. That same year pseudonymous serialization started of his manga People of the Desert. His manga adaptation of Animal Treasure Island was serialized in 1971.[c]
After the release of The Castle of Cagliostro Miyazaki was approached for a series of magazine articles by the editorial staff of Tokuma Shoten's Animage. During subsequent conversations he showed his sketchbooks and talked about basic outlines for envisioned animation projects with Toshio Suzuki and Osamu Kameyama, at the time working as editors for Animage. They saw the potential for collaboration on their development into animation. Two projects were proposed to Tokuma Shoten but initially rejected, on July 9, 1981, because the company was unwilling to fund anime projects not based on existing manga.[d] An agreement was reached that Miyazaki could start developing his sketches and ideas into a manga for the magazine on the condition that it would never be made into a film.[e] Miyazaki stated in an interview, "Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind only really began to take shape once I agreed to serialize it.".[f] In the December 1981 issue of Animage it was announced that Miyazaki had not completed the first episode but that a new manga series would start in the February 1982 issue of the magazine. The illustrated notice introduced the new series main character, title and basic idea. The first chapter, 18 pages, was published in the February issue. Miyazaki would continue developing the story for another 12 years with frequent interruptions along the way. The final panel is dated January 28, 1994. The Last chapter was released in the March 1994 issue of Animage. By the end Miyazaki had created 59 chapters, of varying length, for publication in the magazine. In an interview, conducted shortly after serialization of the manga had ended, he noted that this amounts to approximately 5 years worth of material. He stated that he did not plan for the manga to run that long and that he wrote the story based on the idea that it could be stopped at any moment.[g]
Miyazaki had given other names to the main character during development but he settled on Nausicaä based on the name of the Greek princess of the same name from the Odyssey, as portrayed in Bernard Evslin's dictionary of Greek mythology, translated into Japanese by Minoru Kobayashi.[h] He was also inspired by the Princess who loved insects, a Japanese tale from the Heian period about a young princess who preferred studying insects rather than wearing fine clothes or choosing a husband.[i] Among the inspirations for the environmental themes Miyazaki has mentioned the Minamata Bay mercury pollution. The Sea of Corruption is based on the Sivash.[j]
Miyazaki drew the Nausicaä episodes primarily in pencil.[k] Frederik L. Schodt observed that Nausicaä is different from other Japanese manga. Noting that it was serialized in the large A4 size of Animage Magazine, much larger than the normal size for manga. He observed that Miyazaki drew much of Nausicaä in pencil without inking and that the page and panel layouts as well as the heavy reliance on storytelling are more reminiscent of French comics than of Japanese manga. In appearance and sensibilities Nausicaä reminds Schodt of Jean Giraud.
Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind was initially translated into English by Toren Smith and Dana Lewis. Smith, who had written comics in the U.S. since 1982, wrote an article on Warriors of the Wind (the heavily edited version of the film adaptation released in the U.S. in the 1980s) for the Japanese edition of Starlog, in which he criticized what New World Pictures had done to Miyazaki's film. The article came to the attention of Miyazaki himself, who invited Smith to Studio Ghibli for a meeting. On Miyazaki's insistence, Smith's own company Studio Proteus was chosen as the producer of the English-language translation. Smith hired Dana Lewis to collaborate on the translation. Lewis was a professional translator in Japan who also wrote for Newsweek and had written cover stories for such science fiction magazines as Analog Science Fiction and Fact and Amazing Stories. Smith hired Tom Orzechowski for the lettering and retouching.[l]
Studio Proteus was responsible for the translation, the lettering, and the retouching of the artwork, which was flipped right-to-left to accommodate English readers. The original Japanese dialogue was re-lettered by hand, the original sound effects were replaced by English sound effects, and the artwork was retouched to accommodate the new sound effects. When Miyazaki resumed work on the manga following one of the interruptions, Viz chose another team, including Matt Thorn and Wayne Truman, to complete the series. [m] The current seven volume English-language "Editor's Choice" edition is published in right-to-left reading order by Viz, it retains the original translations, while the lettering was done by Walden Wong. Touch-up art and lettering for the Viz Media deluxe two-volume box set was also done by Walden Wong.
The manga was serialized in Tokuma Shoten's monthly Animage magazine between 1982 and 1994. The series initially ran from the February 1982 issue to the November 1982 issue when the first interruption occurred due to Miyazaki's work related trip to Europe. Serialization resumed in the December issue and the series ran again until June 1983 when it went on hiatus again due to Miyazaki's work on the film adaptation of the series. Serialization of the manga resumed for the third time from the August 1984 issue but halted again in the May 1985 issue when Miyazaki placed the series on hiatus to work on Laputa. Serialization resumed for the forth time in the December 1986 issue and was halted again in June 1987 when Miyazaki placed the series on hiatus to work on the films: My Neighbor Totoro and Kiki's Delivery Service. The series resumed for the fifth time in the April 1990 issue and was halted in the May 1991 issue when Miyazaki worked on Porco Rosso. The series resumed for the final time in the March 1993 issue. The last chapter was published in the March 1994 issue of Animage.[n]
The chapters were slightly modified and collected in seven tankōbon volumes, in soft cover B5 size. The first edition of volume one is dated September 25, 1982. It contains the first eight chapters and was re-released on August 25, 1983 with a newly designed cover and the addition of a dustcover.[o] Volume two has the same August 25, 1983 release date. It contains chapters 9 through 14. Together with chapters 15 and 16, printed in the Animage issues for May and June 1983, these were the only 16 chapters completed prior to the release of the Nausicaä film in March 1984. The seventh book was eventually released on January 15, 1995.[p] The entire series was also reprinted in two deluxe volumes in hard cover and in A4 size labeled Jokan ( 上巻 first volume ) and Gekan (下巻 final volume ) which were released on November 30, 1996. A box set containing all seven volumes was released on October 31, 2003.
English translations are published by Viz Media. As of 2013 Viz Media has released the manga in five different formats. Initially the manga was printed flipped and with English translations of the sound effects. Publication of English editions began in 1988 with the release of episodes from the story under the title Nausicaä of the Valley of Wind in the "Viz Select Comics" series. This series ran until 1996. It consists of 27 issues. In October 1990 Viz Media also started publishing the manga as Viz Graphic Novel, Nausicaä of the Valley of Wind. The last of the seven Viz Graphic Novels in this series appeared in January 1997. Viz media reprinted the manga in four volumes titled, Nausicaä of the Valley of Wind: Perfect Collection, which were released from October 1995 to October 1997. A box set of the four volumes was later released in January 2000. In 2004 Viz Media re-released the seven-volume format in an "Editors Choice" edition titled Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind. In this version the manga is left unflipped and the sound effects are left untranslated. Viz Media released its own deluxe two-volume box set on November 6, 2012.
|No.||Japanese release date||Japanese ISBN||English release date||English ISBN|
|1||September 25, 1982 (1st Ed.)[q]||—||—||—|
|1||August 25, 1983 (Revised)||ISBN 4-19-773581-2||March 10, 2004 (Editor's Choice Edition, 2nd Ed.)||ISBN 1-59116-408-7|
|2||August 25, 1983||ISBN 4-19-773582-0||March 31, 2004 (Editor's Choice Edition, 2nd Ed.)||ISBN 1-59116-350-1|
|3||December 15, 1984||ISBN 4-19-775514-7||May 5, 2004 (Editor's Choice Edition, 2nd Ed.)||ISBN 1-59116-410-9|
|4||March 1, 1987||ISBN 4-19-777551-2||June 2, 2004 (Editor's Choice Edition, 2nd Ed.)||ISBN 1-59116-352-8|
|5||May 25, 1991||ISBN 4-19-771061-5||June 30, 2004 (Editor's Choice Edition, 2nd Ed.)||ISBN 1-59116-412-5|
|6||November 11, 1993||ISBN 4-19-773120-5||August 10, 2004 (Editor's Choice Edition, 2nd Ed.)||ISBN 1-59116-487-7|
|7||December 10, 1994||ISBN 4-19-770025-3||September 7, 2004 (Editor's Choice Edition, 2nd Ed.)||ISBN 1-59116-355-2|
|No.||Japanese release date||Japanese ISBN||English release date||English ISBN|
|1||November 30, 1996||ISBN 4-19-860561-0||November 6, 2012||ISBN 9781421550640|
|2||November 30, 1996||ISBN 4-19-860562-9||November 6, 2012||ISBN 9781421550640|
When serialization of the manga was underway and the story had proven to be popular among its readers, Animage came back on their promise not to turn the manga into an animation project and approached Miyazaki to make a 15 minute Nausicaä film. Miyazaki declined. Instead he proposed a sixty-minute OVA. In a counter offer Tokuma agreed to sponsor a feature-length film for theatrical release. The film adaptation of Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind was released on March 11, 1984. It was released before Studio Ghibli was established, it is generally considered a Studio Ghibli film. [r] The film was released with a recommendation from the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF).
The story of the film is much simpler than that of the manga, roughly corresponding to the first two books of the manga, the point the story had reached when film production began. There are significant differences in plot, with more locations, factions and characters appearing in the manga, as well as more detailed environmentalist themes. The tone of the manga is also more philosophical than the film. Nausicaä explores the concepts of fatalistic nihilism and struggles with the militarism of major powers. The series has been interpreted from the views of utopia as well as religious studies.
No chapters of the manga were published in the period between the July 1983 issue and the August 1984 issue of Animage but series of Nausicaä Notes and The Road to Nausicaa were printed in the magazine during this interim period. Frequently illustrated with black and white images from the story boards as well as colour illustrations from the upcoming release of the film, these publications provide background about the history of the manga and development of the film. 1984 was declared The Year of Nausicaä, on the cover of the February 1984 issue of Animage .[s]
Several other Nausicaä related materials have been released. Hayao Miyazaki's Image Board Collection ( 宮崎駿イメージボード集 Miyazaki Hayao imējibōdo-shū ) contains a selection from the sketchbooks Miyazaki created between 1980 and 1982 to record his ideas for potential future projects. Published by Kodansha on March 20, 1983. The Art of Nausicaä ( ジ・アート・オブ 風の谷のナウシカ Ji āto Obu kaze no tani no naushika ) is the first in the art books series. The book was put together by the editorial staff of Animage. They collated material that had previously been published in the magazine to illustrate the evolution of Miyazaki's ideas into finished projects. The book contains reproductions from Miyazaki's Image Boards interspersed with material created for the film, starting with selected images related to the two film proposals initially rejected in 1981.[t] The book also contains commentary of assistant director Kazuyoshi Katayama and a summary of The road to Nausicaä ( ナウシカの道 naushika no michi ) It was released by Tokuma Shoten on June 20, 1984. Haksan released the art book in Korean on December 29, 2000. Glénat released the art book in French on July 7, 2001 Tokuma Shoten also released the contents of the book on cd-rom, for Windows 95 and for Macintosh with the addition of excerpts from Joe Hisaishi's soundtrack from the film.
Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind: Watercolor Impressions Art book (風の谷のナウシカ 宮崎駿水彩画集 Kaze no tani no Naushika Miyazaki Hayao Suisaiga-shū ) was released by Tokuma Shoten on September 5, 1995. The book contains artwork of the manga in watercolor, a selection of storyboards for the film, autographed pictures by Hayao Miyazaki and an Interview on the Birth of Nausicaä. Glénat released the book in French on July 5, 2007. Viz media released the book in English on November 6, 2007.
The manga has sold more than 10 million copies in Japan alone. After the 1984 release of the film adaptation, sales for the manga dramatically increased, despite the plot differences between the two works. In the spring of 1994, shortly after serialization had concluded, a combined total of 5.27 million Nausicaä tankōbon volumes had already been published. At the time Volumes 1 through 6 were in print. Volume 7 was not released until January 15, 1995.[u]
Setre, writing for Japanator, said "Nasuicaa [sic] is an amazing manga. And no matter what you may think of Miyazaki this story deserves to be read. It has great characters (some of which could star in their own series), a great sense of adventure and scale, and an awesome story."
Michael Wieczorek of Ex.org compared the series to Princess Mononoke stating, "Both stories deal with man's struggle with nature and with each other, as well as with the effects war and violence have on society." Wieczoek also gave a mix review on the detail of the artwork stating, "It is good because the panels are just beautiful to look at. It is bad because the size of the manga causes the panels within to be very small, and some of these panels are just crammed with detailed artwork. That can sometimes cause some confusion about what is happening to which person during an action scene."
Jason Thompson says that "Nausicaa is as grim as Grave of the Fireflies". Mike Crandol of Anime News Network praised the manga stating, "I dare say the manga is Hayao Miyazaki's finest work ever--animated, printed, or otherwise--and that's saying a lot. Manga allows for a depth of plot and character unattainable in the cinematic medium, and Miyazaki uses it to its fullest potential."
- McCarthy (1999), page 30.
- McCarthy (1999), page 39.
- McCarthy (1999), page 219. Puss ’n Boots was serialized in the Sunday edition of Tokyo Shimbun, from January to March 1969. (12 episodes, in colour). Episodes of Sabaku no Tami (砂漠の民 People of the Desert ) were serialized in Boys and Girls Newspaper ( 少年少女新聞 Shōnen shōjo shin bun ), published under the pseudonym Akitsu Saburō (秋津三朗 ) between September 12, 1969 (Issue 28) and March 15, 1970 (issue 53)(26 monochrome episodes). Animal Treasure Island was serialized in the Sunday edition of Tokyo Shimbun from January to March 1971. (13 episodes, in colour). Comic Box (1982), page 111. July 1983 issue of Animage, page 172.
- See Birth of Studio Ghibli. The first proposal was for a film, Warring states demon castle ( 戦国魔城 Sengoku ma-jō ), to be set in the Sengoku period. The second proposal was an aborted adaptation of Richard Corben's Rowlf. Elements of both were incorporated in the development of the story and creation of the character Nausicaä of the manga and later the film. Art of Nausicaä, page 8. Watercolors, page 146. Archives vol 1, page 35.
- McCarthy (1999), page 73. See also Ryo Saitani's interview with Hayao Miyazaki. First published, in Japanese, in the January 1995 issue of Comic Box. The relevant paragraphs are on Page 9. In particular Miyazaki's answer to Saitani's question; "Were you asked, from the beginning, to draw the comic with the intention of it becoming an animated work?" Some content from the issue has been translated and placed on the magazine's website.
- Watercolor Impressions, page 149.
- Yom (1994), page 3.
- Mentioned as Minoru Kobayashi ( 小林稔 Kobayashi Minoru ) in the Japanese Webcat Plus database and in Hayao Miyazaki's Watercolor Impressions. In the Japanese edition on page 150 and in the English edition on page 149. On page 150 in the French translation of Watercolor Impressions book, and on some Nausicaä related websites, the translator's name is given as Yataka Kobayashi.
- Hayao Miyazaki's essay On Nausicaä, ナウシカのこと (Naushika no koto) first published in Japanese in Animage Special 1 and in English in Perfect Collection Volume 1 See also McCarthy (1999), page 74.
- The Japanese name for the Sea of Corruption 腐海 ( fukai), consists of the kanji for sea and decay. Also translated as Toxic Jungle or Sea of Decay in manga translations and in the film's subtitles. Miyazaki mentioned its origin in the interview published in Watercolor Impressions (p.149)
- See also The Road to Nausicaä 4 in the October 1983 issue of Animage, page 182. Reprinted in summary in The Art of The Art of Nausicaä, page 182. The use of pencil is mentioned in notes and illustrations in Watercolor Impressions, page 94. In an interview with Ryo Saitani, published in 1995, Miyazaki very briefly mentions discussing the use of pencil with Hideo Ogata, chief editor at the time, in the context of their talks on the development of the manga and his desire to quit creating it. Ogata persuaded Miyazaki to continue. Saitani (1995), Comic Box, page 9 (Originally in Japanese).
- Smith (1995) Comic Box, Originally published in Japanese on Pages 44-47 of the magazine. Translation accessible online.
- Smith (1995) Comic Box, page 47.
- Yom, page 9.
- Volume one was published as Animage Special, Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind ((アニメージュ増刊 風の谷のナウシカ). Subsequently released Volumes were published as Animage Comics Wide Ban, Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind ( アニメージュコミックスワイド判 風の谷のナウシカ). See: Watercolor Impressions, page 206
- Watercolor Impressions, Manga Collected Edition release history, page 206.
- Watercolor Impressions, Manga Collected Edition release history, page 206.
- Helen McCarthy has noted that it was Miyazaki's creation of the Nausicaä manga " ... that had, in a way, started the actual process of his studio's development". McCarthy (1999), page 45.
- Archives vol 1, page 61
- Art of Nausicaä, Page 8. Watercolor Impressions, page 146.
- The publication statistic is broken down by published tankōbon: Volume 1 and 2 combined, 1.3 million; Volume 3, 1.2 million; Volume 4, 1.1 million; Volume 5, 870.000; Volume 6, 800.000. This adds up to a combined total of of 5.27 million tankōbon volumes published for the entire series up to that point in time. June 1994 issue of Yom, page 9. For the publication date of Volume 7, see: Watercolor Impressions, page 206.
- McCarthy, Helen (1999). Hayao Miyazaki Master of Japanese Animation (2002 ed.). Berkeley, Ca: Stone Bridge Press. pp. 30, 39, 41–42, 72–92. ISBN 1880656418.
- "砂漠の民" [People of the Desert]. Comic Box (in Japanese) (Fusion Products) (3): 111–137. Retrieved November 19, 2013.
- "ナウシカの道 連載 1 宮崎駿・マンガの系譜" [The Road to Nausicaä, episode 1, Hayao Miyazaki’s Manga Genealogy]. Animage (Tokyo: Tokuma Shoten) (61): 172–173. June 10, 1983. Retrieved November 27, 2013.
- The Birth of Studio Ghibli (Documentary), Studio Ghibli Collection: Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind (UK DVD Release), Optimum Releasing Asia, 2005
- ジ・アート・オブ 風の谷のナウシカ [The Art of The Art of Nausicaä] (Softcover A4) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Tokuma Shoten. June 20, 1984. ISBN 4198145601. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
- Miyazaki, Hayao (September 5, 1996). 風の谷のナウシカ 宮崎駿水彩画集 [Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind Watercolor collection] (Softcover A4) (in Japanese). Retrieved April 12, 2012.
- Miyazaki, Hayao (November 6, 2007). The Art of Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind: Watercolor Impressions by Hayao Miyazaki (Softcover A4). Retrieved December 8, 2013.
- Haraguchi, Masahiro (June 30, 1996). スタジオジブリ作品関連資料集 I [Archives of Studio Ghibli vol.1] (Softcover A4) (in Japanese). ISBN 4-19-860525-4. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
- Saitani, Ryo (January 1, 1995). "少し前よりもナウシカの事少しわかるようになった" [I Understand NAUSICAÄ a Bit More than I Did a Little While Ago ]. Comic Box (in Japanese) (Fusion Products) (98): 6–37. Retrieved November 19, 2013.
- "Comic Box (1995) Special Memorial Issue, the finale of Nausicaa; Nausicaa of the Valley of Wind". Comix Box. Retrieved November 19, 2013.
- Saitani, Ryo. "I Understand NAUSICAÄ a Bit More than I Did a Little While Ago". comicbox.co.jp. Fusion Products. Retrieved November 19, 2013.
- Ryan, Scott. "Origin". Nausicaa.net. Team Ghiblink. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
- "「風の谷ナウシカ」完結のいま 「インタビュー」「 物語は終わらない」 宮崎駿" [Now, after Nausicaä of the Valley of the wind has finished, Interview: The Story won't end, Hayao Miyazaki]. Yom (in Japanese) (Iwanami Shoten): 3–17. June 1, 1994. Retrieved November 27, 2013.
- "Webcat Plus Database entry for Minoru Kobayashi (Japanese)".
- Miyazaki, Hayao (November 9, 2006). Nausicaä de la vallée du vent : Recueil d'aquarelles par Hayao Miyazaki [Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind, Watercolor Collection by Hayao Miyazaki] (Softcover A4) (in French). Glénat. p. 150. ISBN 2-7234-5180-1.
- Miyazaki, Hayao (September 25, 1982). Ogata, Hideo, ed. アニメージュ増刊 風の谷のナウシカ [Animage Special Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind'] (Animage Special) (in Japanese) 1. Michihiro Koganei (first ed.). Tokyo: Tokuma Shoten.
- Miyazaki, Hayao (1995). Viz Graphic Novel, Nausicaä of the Valley of Wind, Perfect Collection volume 1.
- Cavallaro, Dani (2006). The Anime Art of Hayao Miyazaki. McFarland. pp. 47–57, 194. ISBN 978-0-7864-2369-9. Retrieved November 16, 2013.
- "ナウシカの道 連載 4" [The Road to Nausicaä, episode 4]. Animage (Tokyo: Tokuma Shoten) (64): 182. September 10, 1983. Retrieved November 27, 2013.
- Schodt, Frederick L. (1996). Dreamland Japan: Writings on Modern Manga. Stone Bridge Press. p. 278. Retrieved November 18, 2013.
- Smith, Toren (January 1, 1995). "英語圏にも広がる新しい宮崎世代" [The New Miyazaki Generation Spreading Even into English Speaking Countries.]. Comic Box (in Japanese) (Fusion Products) (98): 44–47. Retrieved November 19, 2013.
- "The New MIYAZAKI Generation". Comix Box. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
- Miyazaki, Hayao; Takahata, Isao (August 4, 2009). Starting Point 1979-1996. Viz Media. pp. 442–445. ISBN 978-1-4215-0594-7. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
- Animage Magazine, November 1982 issue, page 181
- Ryan, Scott. "Chapter guide". Nausicaa.net. Team Ghiblink. Retrieved December 30, 2008.
- Animage Magazine, March 1994 issue, page 204
- "Nausicaä Manga Comparison". Nausicaa.net. Retrieved December 31, 2012.
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- Oshiguchi, Takashi (July 1993). "The whimsy and wonder of Hayao Miyazaki". Animerica 1 (5): 4.
- "ナウシカの道連載 最終回 宮崎駿" [The Road to Hayao Miyazaki's Nausicaä, final episode]. Animage (Tokyo: Tokuma Shoten) (70): 180–181. March 10, 1984. Retrieved November 27, 2013.
- Inaba, Shin'ichirō (March 1996). ナウシカ解読―ユートピアの臨界) [Deciphering Nausicaä: The Critical Point of Utopia] (in Japanese). Madosha. ISBN 4-943983-87-1. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
- Masaki, Akira (2001). はじめての宗教学―「風の谷のナウシカ」を読み解く [Introduction to religion studies - reading and understanding from "Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind"] (in Japanese). Shunjusha. ISBN 4-393-20301-1. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
- "アニメージュヒストリカ 第19回 1984年の「アニメージュ」" [Animage Historica, 19th episode, 1984's Animage] (in Japanese). Tokuma Shoten. December 25, 2008. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
- Miyazaki Hayao (March 20, 1983). 宮崎駿イメージボード集 [Hayao Miyazaki's Image Board Collection] (Shonen Magazine special) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Kodansha. ISBN 4061080687.
- The Art of Nausicaä 바람계곡의 나우시카 [The Art of Nausicaä Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind] (Softcover A4) (in Korean). Haksan Comics. December 29, 2000. ISBN 9788952906724. Retrieved November 27, 2013.
- Miyazaki, Hayao (July 7, 2007). L'art de Nausicaä de la vallée du vent [The Art of Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind] (Softcover A4) (in French). Glénat. ISBN 9782723457187. Retrieved November 27, 2013.
- Ingulsrud, John E.; Allen, Kate (2009). Reading Japan Cool: Patterns of Manga Literacy and Discourse. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 33–34. ISBN 0-7391-2753-5.
- "Nausicaä of the Valley of Wind Reviews (Vol.1-7)". Japanator. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
- Wieczorek, Michael. "Nausicaä of the Valley of Wind Perfect Collection". Ex.org. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
- Thompson, Jason. "Jason Thompson's House of 1000 Manga". Anime News Network. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
- Crandol, Mike. "Nausicaä of the Valley of Wind Perfect Collection (manga)". Anime News Network. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
- "In Defense of Final Fantasy XII". Edge. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
- Viz Media: The English language publisher.
- Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind (manga) at Anime News Network's Encyclopedia
- I Understand NAUSICAÄ a Bit More than I Did a Little While Ago: a long interview of Hayao Miyazaki by Ryo Saitani, from the January 1995 issue of the Comic Box fanzine.