|Elevation||89 m (292 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||UP 56|
Nautanwa is located at  It has an average elevation of 89 metres (291 feet). The land seems to be blessed by Buddha's presence. On North(Kapilvastu, Lumbini, Nepal) it has birthplace of Buddha, and south of it has the death place of Buddha. And on the east is Sita's Birthplace Janakpur(Nepal). As per local ethno-historical record, it is said that this place is very much related to Buddha. This place is associated with the Buddha period. It is said this is the place where Gautam while renouncing the wordily life and travelling for searching for knowledge travelled through this place. After coming from Kapilvastu (present day it is the region between Birdpur tehsil of Sidharthnagar district and Taulihwa region of Kapilvastu district of Lumbini Anchal of Nepal) towards the eastern India present day Bihar region He changed his princes cloth and gave to his attended and wore new cloth of ascetic life. It symbolize the attending just a new body of sage or knowledge seeker instead of prince puzzled in worldly pleasure. That is region why this name Nau=new and Tan=body is called. The place where Gautam have new cloth of sage that is the place called today as Nautanwa.Close to Nautanwa is the town of Sonauli which is the border of India and Nepal which is 7 km from Nautanwa..
As of 2001[update] India census, Nautanwa had a population of 29,259. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Nautanwa has an average literacy rate of 62%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 71%, and female literacy is 52%. In Nautanwa, 17% of the population is under 6 years of age.Being stated on the border place all the caste and religion can be found in Nautanwa. They all live peacefully celebrating the festivals and eve of each other.Also Nautanwa peoples mainly evolves in business of construction materials which they locally call as gitti patthar(small pieces of stones) which comes from Nepal.Nepali currency is quiet common there.
Nautanwa is well connected by road and railway. Sonauli at Indo-Nepal boarder has a U.P Government Bus Depot. which connects major cities of Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Delhi. The town has a railway station, which is the closest to Lumbini in Nepal and it is the last Station from India End. The two countries have an open border without restrictions on movement of Nepalese and Indian nationals. There is a customs checkpoint for goods and third country nationals.
Holy Cross High School,
Nautanwa Inter College,
Saraswati Bal Vidya Mandir.
Gorkha Ex-Servicemen School
Madhuban Inter College,
Rajiv Gandhi Post Graduate College Nautanwa,
Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya Degree Collage,
Rajiv Gandhi Pharmacy College,
St. Xavier School,
Academic Heights Public School,
Agape Mission School,
Swami Vivekanand shishu shikha niketan
Sharashwati Shishu Mandir and Higher Secondary School
Maa Banailiya is one of the most famous temple in Nautanwa. Now the temple is also acting as a halting place for the south tourist. Chanchai Mata is also a Goddess Durga temple which also holds a hard respect amongst peoples. Kali Ji Ka Mandir in Parsohiya is also a famous temple. Shri Shri Hanuman Mandir has been recently built in 2012 inside the premises of Kali Ji Ka Mandir. And also a beautiful temple of Lord Hanuman is rebuilt in premises of Maa Baniliya mandir. Every Year on 20 January a shobha yatra is conducted which starts from temple premises and goes through whole market of nautanwa and ends back at temple, and on 21 January jagran is organised at temple premises.
The construction of Maa Banailiya Mandir and Shri Shri Hanuman Mandir was initiated after the efforts put in by Prem Shanker Singh an Ex-Employee of Indian Navy and a returned NRE. His devotion in construction of these temples made the people of Nautanwa to believe and contribute financially to build significant temples. In eighties he contributed Rs.25,000 form his monthly income savings for construction of Maa Banailiya Mandir and after finaaly returning from abroad he contributed again for the construction of Shri Shri Hanuman Mandir.
There is a Sikh gurudwara in city gurudwara Singh sahib, where any one can come and stay.It is located in centre of the city in Jaiswal mohalla .
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Nautanwa
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.