|• Type||Municipal Governance|
|Elevation||89 m (292 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||UP 56|
Brick clay is abundant everywhere and bricks are made outside the town areas. The soil in the area is light sandy or dense clay of yellowish brown colour. The sand found in the rivers is medium to coarse grained, greyish white to brownish in colour and is suitable for building construction.
The land seems to be blessed by Buddha's presence. On North (Kapilvastu, Lumbini, Nepal) it has birthplace of Buddha, and south of it has the death place of Buddha. And on the east is Sita's Birthplace Janakpur(Nepal). As per local ethno-historical record, it is said that this place is very much related to Buddha. This place is associated with the Buddha period. It is said this is the place where Gautam while renouncing the wordily life and travelling for searching for knowledge travelled through this place. After coming from Kapilvastu (present day it is the region between Birdpur tehsil of Sidharthnagar district and Taulihwa region of Kapilvastu district of Lumbini Anchal of Nepal) towards the eastern India present day Bihar region He changed his princes cloth and gave to his attended and wore new cloth of ascetic life. It symbolize the attending just a new body of sage or knowledge seeker instead of prince puzzled in worldly pleasure. That is region why this name Nau=new and Tan=body is called. The place where Gautam have new cloth of sage that is the place called today as Nautanwa.Close to Nautanwa is the town of Sonauli which is the border of India and Nepal which is 7 km from Nautanwa.
As of 2001[update] India census, Nautanwa had a population of 29,259. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Nautanwa has an average literacy rate of 62%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 71%, and female literacy is 52%. In Nautanwa, 17% of the population is under 6 years of age. Being stated on the border place all the caste and religion can be found in Nautanwa. They all live peacefully celebrating the festivals and eve of each other. Nepali currency is quiet common there. Although people here live very peacefully but the entire area and the surrounding areas are mostly covered by Jaiswals a hindu sub caste which is prominent in the north eastern uttar pradesh. People here also get indulged in wrong activities to earn money but accordingly they are thrived by the law and order here. Many criminals and terrorists were caught from the bordering area who tried to enter in the country.
Nautanwa is well connected by road and railway. Sonauli at Indo-Nepal boarder has a Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation which connects major cities of Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Delhi. The town has a railway station, which is the closest to Lumbini in Nepal and it is the last Station from India End. The two countries have an open border without restrictions on movement of Nepalese and Indian nationals. There is a customs checkpoint for goods and third country nationals. The clostest airport is Bhairahawa Airport ( IATA: BWA ) with a distance of 5 mi (or 8.1 km) north of the city centre of Nautanwa.
Maa Banailiya is one of the most famous temple in Nautanwa. Now the temple is also acting as a halting place for the south tourist. Chanchai Mata is also a Goddess Durga temple which also holds a hard respect amongst peoples. Kali Ji Ka Mandir in Parsohiya is also a famous temple. Shri Shri Hanuman Mandir has been recently built in 2012 inside the premises of Kali Ji Ka Mandir. And also a beautiful temple of Lord Hanuman is rebuilt in premises of Maa Baniliya mandir. Every Year on 20 January a shobha yatra is conducted which starts from temple premises and goes through whole market of nautanwa and ends back at temple, and on 21 January jagran is organised at temple premises.
There is a Sikh gurudwara in city gurudwara Singh sahib, where any one can come and stay.It is located in centre of the city in Jaiswal mohalla .
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Nautanwa
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.