Navahrudak Castle

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The ruins of Navahrudak Castle.

The former castle in Navahrudak, Belarus (Belarusian: Навагрудскі замак) was one of the key strongholds of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, cited by Maciej Stryjkowski as the location of Mindaugas's coronation as King of Lithuania as well as his likely burial place.[1][2][3][4] Modern historians cannot make up their minds as to the true location of Mindaugas's coronation.

As early as the 14th century, Navahrudak is known to have possessed a stone tower along the lines of Tower of Kamyanyets. Other fortifications were of timber. The castle was stormed by the Teutonic Knights under Heinrich von Plötzke in 1314. Although the attack was not successful, the tower sustained substantial damage.

During the reign of Vytautas the Great four new stone towers were added to the system of Navahrudak fortifications. In the 17th century the main castle boasted 7 towers, apart from those of the Lesser Castle. Navahrudak was one of the northernmost forts besieged by the Crimean Tatars in the 16th century.

Navahrudak was twice occupied by Russian forces during the Russo-Polish War (1654–67). Further destruction was inflicted by the Swedes who sacked Navahrudak as part of the Great Northern War in 1706. Attempts to preserve the ruins from further decay were undertaken in the 1920s. The castle grounds at present provide the setting for medieval reenactment and theatrical jousting.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tomas Baranauskas. Место коронации Миндаугаса
  2. ^ Stryjkowski M. Kronika polska, litewska, żmódzka i wszystkiej Rusi. Warszawa, 1846. T. 1. S. 289.: «Tak tedy Innocentius, papież Rzymski, widząc rzecz być pożyteczną Kośćiołowi Rzymskiemu, iż tak wielkie a waleczne państwo pogańskie do Christusa dobrowolnie przystąpiło, zaraz bez wszelkiego odkładania koronę Litewską poświęcił i Mendoga Króla Litewskiego być obwołał, a chcąc mu się tym więcej zachować, posłał legata swojego zakonnego brata Heinderika prowinciała Polskiego, Armakańskiego przed tym biskupa, a na ten czas Kulmienskiego albo Chełmienskiego w Prusiech, który przyjachawszy do Nowogrodka Litewskiego z arcibiskupiem Rigenskim i s Krzyżakami Pruskimi i Liflandskimi, Mindauga albo Mendoka na królestwo Litewskie według zwykłych ceremonij kościelnych pomazał, obwołał i z ramienia papieskiego i cesarskiego, koroną nową Litewską koronował.»
  3. ^ Vijūkas-Kojelavičius A. Lietuvos istorija. Pirma ir antra dalis / iš lotynų k. vertė L. Valkūnas. Vilnius, 1989. P. 103.
  4. ^ Ivinskis Z. Lietuvos istorija: iki Vytauto Didžiojo mirties. — Roma, 1978 (репринт: Vilnius, 1991). S. 157, 178.

Coordinates: 53°36′5.25″N 25°49′39.77″E / 53.6014583°N 25.8277139°E / 53.6014583; 25.8277139