Navajo County, Arizona

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Navajo County, Arizona
Historic Navajo County Courthouse and Museum cropped.jpg
Historic Navajo County Courthouse and Museum in Holbrook, Arizona
Seal of Navajo County, Arizona
Seal
Map of Arizona highlighting Navajo County
Location in the state of Arizona
Map of the United States highlighting Arizona
Arizona's location in the U.S.
Founded March 21, 1895
Seat Holbrook
Largest city Show Low
Area
 • Total 9,959.49 sq mi (25,795 km2)
 • Land 9,953.18 sq mi (25,779 km2)
 • Water 6.31 sq mi (16 km2)
Population (Est.)
 • (2011) 107,398
 • Density 10/sq mi (4/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7
Website www.navajocountyaz.gov

Navajo County is located in the northern part of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census its population was 107,449. The county seat is Holbrook.

Navajo County contains parts of the Hopi Indian reservation, the Navajo Nation and Fort Apache Indian Reservation.

History[edit]

Navajo County was split from Apache County on March 21, 1895. The first county sheriff was legendary gunman Commodore Perry Owens, who had previously served as the sheriff of Apache County. It was the location for many of the events that played out during the Pleasant Valley War.

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 9,959.49 square miles (25,795.0 km2), of which 9,953.18 square miles (25,778.6 km2) (or 99.94%) is land and 6.31 square miles (16.3 km2) (or 0.06%) is water.[1]

Many people think that Arizona is a vast, open desert without vegetation. However, Navajo County offers not only the Monument Valley, but Keams Canyon, part of the Petrified Forest National Park, and the largest stand of Ponderosa Pines in North America.[citation needed]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Indian reservations[edit]

Navajo County has 6,632.73 square miles (17,178.7 km2) of federally designated Indian reservation within its borders, the third most of any county in the United States (neighboring Apache County and Coconino County are first and second). In descending order of territory within the county, the reservations are the Navajo Indian Reservation, Hopi Indian Reservation, and Fort Apache Indian Reservation, all of which are partly located within Navajo County.

National protected areas[edit]

Petroglyphs at Rock Art Canyon Ranch near Winslow

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 8,829
1910 11,471 29.9%
1920 16,077 40.2%
1930 21,202 31.9%
1940 25,309 19.4%
1950 29,446 16.3%
1960 37,994 29.0%
1970 47,715 25.6%
1980 67,629 41.7%
1990 77,658 14.8%
2000 97,470 25.5%
2010 107,449 10.2%
Est. 2012 107,094 −0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[2]
2012 Estimate[3]

2010[edit]

According to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau:

2000[edit]

As of the 2000 census, there were 97,470 people, 30,043 households, and 23,073 families residing in the county. The population density was 10 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 47,413 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 47.74% Native American, 45.91% White, 0.88% Black or African American, 0.33% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 3.15% from other races, and 55.94% from two or more races. 8.22% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.77% reported speaking Navajo at home, 5.94% other Southern Athabaskan languages, 4.71% Spanish, and 3.23% Hopi.[4]

There were 30,043 households out of which 40.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.50% were married couples living together, 16.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.20% were non-families. 19.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.17 and the average family size was 3.68.

In the county the population was spread out with 35.40% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 25.30% from 25 to 44, 20.40% from 45 to 64, and 10.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 98.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,569, and the median income for a family was $32,409. Males had a median income of $30,509 versus $21,621 for females. The per capita income for the county was $11,609. About 23.40% of families and 29.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.60% of those under age 18 and 20.30% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other communities[edit]

Politics[edit]

Navajo County leans towards the Republican Party. Although its Native American population makes up nearly half of the county, a demographic that politically favors those of the Democratic Party, the county has a strong LDS presence (particularly in population centers such as Snowflake) that normally allows Republican Candidates to carry the county by small margins.

Education[edit]

School districts that serve the county include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  2. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Language Map Data Center". Mla.org. 2007-07-17. Retrieved 2012-08-27. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°29′52″N 110°17′23″W / 35.49778°N 110.28972°W / 35.49778; -110.28972