Navajo ethnobotany

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See also Zuni ethnobotany, and Native American ethnobotany.

This is a list of plants utilized in Navajo culture.

A[edit]

  • Abronia fragrans (snowball-sand verbena), used medicinally for boils[1] and taken internally when a spider was swallowed.[2] The Kayenta Navajo use it as a cathartic, for insect bites, as a sudorific, as an emetic, for stomach cramps, and as a general panacea.[3] The Ramah Navajo use it as a lotion for sores or sore mouth and to bathe perspiring feet.[4]
  • Acer negundo (box elder), the wood of which is used to make tubes for bellows.[6]
  • Achillea millefolium (western yarrow), occidentalis variety used as a wash for cuts and saddle sores, and used as a "life medicine" for impaired vitality. Also used as a tonic.[7] The Kayenta Navajo use it for headaches caused by weak or sore eyes, and as a lotion around eyes that are sore from wearing ceremonial masks. They also use it as a febrifuge.[8] Ramah Navajo use it as a ceremonial emetic.[9]
  • Acourtia wrightii (brownfoot), used by the Kayenta Navajo for difficult labor and as a postpartum medicine.[10]
  • Adiantum capillus (southern maidenhair fern), an infusion of which is used by the Kayenta Navajo as a lotion for bumblebee and centipede stings. They also use an infusion to treat insanity, and smoke the plant for the same purpose.[11]
  • Agastache pallidiflora (New Mexico giant hyssop), used by the Ramah as a ceremonial chant lotion, for bad coughs, and the dried, pulverized root used as dusting powder for sores or cankers. The Ramah also use it a fumigant for "deer infection", as a febrifuge, and to protect from witches.[12]
  • Agave, the baked fibers of which are squeezed, and the liquid drunk. The heads are baked or boiled, pounded into flat sheets, sun dried and stored for future use. The baked, dried heads are also boiled and made into an edible paste, eaten whole, or made into soup. The leaves are also boiled and eaten. The young, tender flowering stalks are and shoots are roasted and eaten as well. The fibers are used to make rope, the leaves are used to line baking pits, and the sharp pointed leaf tips are used to make basketry awls.[13]
  • Ageratina herbacea (fragrant snakeroot), cold infusion taken and used as a lotion for headache and fever by the Ramah Navajo.[15]
  • Agoseris aurantiaca (orange agoseris), taken by the Ramah as a ceremonial emetic. A cold infusion is taken and used as lotion for arrow or bullet wounds, for "deer infection", and for protection against witches. Wet leaves rubbed on swollen arms, wrists or ankles. The root is used a life medicine.[16]
  • Artemisia tridentata, vaporized to treat headaches.[19][20] It is also used for colds, as a febrifuge, and in religious and medicinal ceremonies. A decoction is used for stomachaches, and an infusion is taken by women to help with childbirth. The plant is also taken before long hikes to rid the body of lingering, undesirable things. The Kayenta Navajo use it as a laxative, and an infusion of the plant is taken and used as a lotion for snakebites. The Ramah Navajo use a decoction of the leaves for postpartum pain, and for "big cough". They also apply a poultice of the wet leaves to swellings, use it diaphoretic in sweatbaths, and apply a cold infusion of the leaves as a lotion for cuts on sheep.[21]

B[edit]

C[edit]

  • Cordylanthus ramosus, an infusion of which is used as an emetic. This infusion is also used to treat syphilis, used by menstruating women to stop menses, and by men to stop nosebleeds. The plant is also used to prevent broken ribs.[25]

D[edit]

  • Dalea candida, candida variety (white prairieflower), used by the Ramah for stomachache, for "life medicine", especially for fever, and a compound decoction used to treat "snake infection" in sheep.[26]

E[edit]

F[edit]

  • Fendlera rupicola, an infusion of the inner bark is used as a remedy when were swallowed.[28] Also used to kill head lice.[28] and as a cathartic.[29] This plant is also used in plumeway, nightway, male shootingway and windway ceremonies,[29] and the wood is used to make arrow shafts.[28][30]

G[edit]

I[edit]

J[edit]

L[edit]

P[edit]

  • Psilostrophe tagetina, used by Ramah Navajo to create a strong infusion as cathartic, also used to treat stomachache, as an eyewash, as a lotion for itching, or in cold infusion gargled or in poultice of leaves applied for sore throat,[41]

T[edit]

  • Thelesperma megapotamicum used to make a yellow dye, and as medicinal tisane.[42] and in their plumeway, nightway, male shootingway and windway ceremonies,[29] and to make arrow shafts.[28][30] It is also used to make notched and smooth sticks which are rubbed together in their mountain chant ceremony, and to make weaving forks, planting sticks, and knitting needles.[28][30] They also boil the plant with juniper berries, pinon buds, and cornmeal for ceremonial consumption.[29]

Z[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hocking, George M. 1956 Some Plant Materials Used Medicinally and Otherwise by the Navaho Indians in the Chaco Canyon, New Mexico. El Palacio 56:146-165 (p. 158)
  2. ^ Elmore, Francis H. 1944 Ethnobotany of the Navajo. Sante Fe, NM. School of American Research (p. 46)
  3. ^ Wyman, Leland C. and Stuart K. Harris 1951 The Ethnobotany of the Kayenta Navaho. Albuquerque. The University of New Mexico Press (p. 21)
  4. ^ Vestal, Paul A. 1952 The Ethnobotany of the Ramah Navaho. Papers of the Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology 40(4):1-94 (p. 26)
  5. ^ Vestal, p. 36)
  6. ^ Elmore p. 62
  7. ^ Elmore, p.79
  8. ^ Wyman and Harris p. 44
  9. ^ Vestal, p.47
  10. ^ Wyman and Harris, p.49
  11. ^ Wyman and Harris, p.14
  12. ^ http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Agastache+pallidiflora
  13. ^ http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Agave
  14. ^ http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Agave+utahensis
  15. ^ http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Ageratina+herbacea
  16. ^ http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Agoseris +aurantiaca
  17. ^ http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Allionia+incarnata
  18. ^ http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Androsace+septentrionalis
  19. ^ Edible and Medicinal Plants of the West, Gregory L. Tilford, ISBN 0-87842-359-1[page needed]
  20. ^ Kay, Margarita (1996). Healing with Plants. University of Arizona Press. pp. 106–107. ISBN 9780186516465. 
  21. ^ http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Artemisia +tridentata
  22. ^ Wyman and Harris, p. 45
  23. ^ a b Elmore, Francis H. (1976). Trees and Shrubs of the Southwest Uplands. Western National Parks Association. p. 121. ISBN 0-911408-41-X. 
  24. ^ Commelina dianthifolia. Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn). UM-Dearborn College of Arts, Sciences, and Letters. . Retrieved 25 January 2011.
  25. ^ Ethnobotany
  26. ^ Vestal, Paul A. 1952 The Ethnobotany of the Ramah Navaho. Papers of the Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology 40(4):1-94 (p. 33)
  27. ^ Ethnobotany
  28. ^ a b c d e Elmore, Francis H. 1944 Ethnobotany of the Navajo. Sante Fe, NM. School of American Research (p. 51)
  29. ^ a b c d Wyman, Leland C. and Stuart K. Harris 1951 The Ethnobotany of the Kayenta Navaho. Albuquerque. The University of New Mexico Press (p. 25)
  30. ^ a b c Weber, Steven A. and P. David Seaman 1985 Havasupai Habitat: A. F. Whiting's Ethnography of a Traditional Indian Culture. Tucson. The University of Arizona Press (p. 221)
  31. ^ Hocking, George M. (1956). "Some Plant Materials Used Medicinally and Otherwise by the Navaho Indians in the Chaco Canyon, New Mexico". El Palacio 63: 151. Retrieved December 29, 2012. 
  32. ^ Peter Goldblatt. 1980. Uneven Diploid Chromosome Numbers and Complex Heterozygosity in Homeria (Iridaceae). Systematic Botany, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 337-340
  33. ^ McCabe, Melvina; Gohdes, Dorothy; Morgan, Frank; Eakin, Joanne; Sanders, Margaret; Schmitt, Cheryl (2005). "Herbal Therapies and Diabetes Among Navajo Indians". Diabetes Care 28 (6): 1534–1535. doi:10.2337/diacare.28.6.1534-a. 
  34. ^ Ethnobotany
  35. ^ MoBot Online Exhibit
  36. ^ Lycium pallidum. University of Michigan Ethnobotany.
  37. ^ Ethnobotany
  38. ^ Ethnobotany
  39. ^ U. Michigan-Dearborn: Ethnobotany . accessed 1.12.2012
  40. ^ Elmore, Francis H. (1944). Ethnobotany of the Navajo. Monograph Series: 1(7). Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico. 136 p.
  41. ^ "Psilostrophe tagetina". University of Michigan Dearborn. Retrieved 27 April 2011. 
  42. ^ Ethnobotany
  43. ^ Ethnobotany