Naval Air Station Port Lyautey
|Naval Air Station Port Lyautey|
|Located near Kenitra, Morocco|
|Type||Naval Air Station|
|Controlled by||French Naval Air Station
United States Navy
Naval Air Station Port Lyautey is a former United States Navy Naval Air Station in Morocco, about 5 km north-northwest of Kenitra (Gharb-Chrarda-Beni Hssen); about 120 km northeast of Casablanca. The Naval Air Station was turned over to the Royal Moroccan Air Force and the last of US military personnel departed the base in 1977. The airport was later reopened as Kenitra Airport after it was closed.
World War II
The facility was established as an Advanced Landing Ground (ALG) shortly after the Operation Torch landing at the former Vichy France airfield at Mehdiya-Port Lyautey. The facility was captured by one American destroyer and an U.S. Army Raider team. The destroyer USS Dallas (DD-199) came up the Sebou River, silenced the shore batteries with its guns and landed the Raider team which in turn captured the airfield.
After being secured, the airfield was used by the United States Army Air Forces Twelfth Air Force 33d Fighter Group, Flying in P-40 Warhawks. The group took part in initial landings in French Morocco, arriving with the invasion force on 8 November. Remaining aircraft and ground echelon arrived shortly afterward. Moved to: Casablanca Airfield on 13 November. Other Air Force units stationed at the airfield were:
- 1st Troop Carrier Squadron (10th Troop Carrier Group), 11 March-25 November 1943, C-47 Skytrain
- Operated from Agadir Airfield, July 1943
Later, the facility was used by the 2037th Antisubmarine Wing (Provisional), later being redesignated as the 480th Antisubmarine Group of Army Air Forces Antisubmarine Command. The US Army Air Force units used the airfield to patrol the Atlantic Ocean approaches to the Straits of Gibraltar for German U-Boats along with two United States Navy PBY Catalina patrol squadrons. The units were assigned to the Northwest African Coastal Air Force for administration and placed under the operational control of the United States Navy Fleet Air Wing 15, which answered to the commander of the Moroccan Sea Frontier.
Two USN K-class blimps completed the first transatlantic crossing by non-rigid airships when they landed at Craw Field, Port Lyautey on the evening of June 1, 1944. Blimp Squadron 14 airships K-123 and K-130 were followed by K-109 and K-134 on June 15 and K-101 and K-112 on July 1, 1944. The K-ships flew nighttime antisubmarine patrols using magnetic anomaly detectors (MAD) while the PBY Catalinas from Fleet Air Wing 15 flew the dayshift, creating a 24/7 magnetic fence across the Straits of Gibraltar.
In addition, the airfield was used by Air Transport Command. It functioned as a stopover en route to Tafarquay Airport, near Oran, Algeria or to Casablanca Airfield, on the North African Cairo-Dakar transport route for cargo, transiting aircraft and personnel. After the end of the war in Europe, Air Transport Command was assigned several heavy bombardment squadrons by XII Tactical Air Command to transport key personnel back to the United States. Known units assigned were:
- 327th Bombardment Squadron (92d Bombardment Group), 13 May-9 September 1945, B-17 Flying Fortress
- 365th Bombardment Squadron (305th Bombardment Group), October–December 1946, B-17 Flying Fortress
- 366th Bombardment Squadron (305th Bombardment Group), September–October 1946, B-17 Flying Fortress
- 368th Bombardment Squadron (306th Bombardment Group), February-15 July 1946, B-17 Flying Fortress
- 423d Bombardment Squadron (306th Bombardment Group), 16 July–September 1946, B-17 Flying Fortress
- 773d Bombardment Squadron (463d Bombardment Group), 15 May-2 September 1945, B-17 Flying Fortress
After the war, the airfield was expanded to a major US Naval Air Station in 1951. In this capacity, it primarily supported land-based naval reconnaissance aircraft of the period, such as the P4M Mercator in the 1950s, the P-2 Neptune in the 1950s and 1960s, and the P-3 Orion, EP-3 Aries and EA-3 Skywarrior in the 1960s and 1970s until the installation's closure as a USN facility and transfer to the Royal Moroccan Air Force in 1977. During the years 1966-69 Kenitra NAS was used also as a training facility by the Royal Moroccan Air Force with personnel from the Moroccan United States Liaison Office, MUSLO, staffed by USAF ATC support and flight personnel for the first delivery of F-5A and F-5B aircraft. Most of the MUSLO team members had previously assigned at Williams Field, AZ where the Moroccan pilots and technicians were initially trained.
- Maurer, Maurer. Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1983. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556.