Her Majesty's Naval Service

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Her Majesty's Naval Service
Country United Kingdom[note 1]
Allegiance Queen Elizabeth II
Role Naval, expeditionary & amphibious warfare
Size 77 commissioned ships
33 landing craft
188 naval aircraft
Naval Staff Offices Whitehall, London, England
Nickname Senior Service
Branches Royal Navy
  RN Nursing Service
  RN Reserve
Corps of Royal Marines
  RM Reserve
  RM Band Service
Naval Careers Service
Commanders
Lord High Admiral Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
First Sea Lord Admiral Sir George Zambellas KCB DSC
Fleet Commander Vice Admiral Sir Philip Jones KCB
Second Sea Lord Vice Admiral David Steel CBE
Insignia
White Ensign[note 2]
Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg

Her Majesty's Naval Service, also known as the Senior Service, is the United Kingdom's naval warfare and maritime service.[1][2] It consists of the Royal Navy, Royal Marine Corps, Naval Careers Service, Royal Marines Band Service and Queen Alexandra's Royal Naval Nursing Service.[3] The term Naval Service should be distinguished from the "UK Naval Services", which consist of the Naval Service and the Merchant Navy. The Naval Service as a whole falls under the command of the Navy Board, which is headed by the First Sea Lord. This position is currently held by Admiral Sir George Zambellas (appointed April 2013).[4] The Defence Council delegates administration of the Naval Service to the Admiralty Board, chaired by the Secretary of State for Defence.

The Naval Service is dominated by the Royal Navy, and operates primarily from three bases in the United Kingdom where commissioned ships are based; Portsmouth, Clyde and Devonport, the latter being the largest operational naval base in Western Europe. As of 2014, there are over 180 vessels in service with the various branches of the Naval Service and supporting organisations, including; 77 commissioned ships of the Royal Navy, 33 landing craft of the Royal Marines, 63 coastal and harbour auxiliary vessels of Marine Services and 13 ships of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary. The total displacement of HM Naval Service and the Royal Fleet Auxiliary is approximately 800,000 tonnes.

Queen's Regulations for the Royal Navy[edit]

Current composition[edit]

According to the Queen's Regulations for the Royal Navy[3] the Naval Service consists of:

The Naval Service is also supported by Marine Services (currently provided under a private finance initiative) and the Royal Fleet Auxiliary which both operate a fleet of auxiliaries in support of the Royal Navy. The Royal Fleet Auxiliary is considered part of the Ministry of Defence Civil Service.

Former composition[edit]

The following services were formerly also components of the Naval Service:

Naval Reserve Forces:

  • The Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve (merged with the Royal Naval Reserve in 1958)
    • The Royal Naval Volunteer (Supplementary) Reserve
    • The Royal Naval Volunteer (Wireless) Reserve
    • The Royal Naval Volunteer (Postal) Reserve)
  • The Royal Naval Emergency Reserve (disbanded c. 1959)
  • The Royal Naval Special Reserve (disbanded c. 1960)
  • The Women's Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve (renamed the Women's Royal Naval Reserve in 1958, merged into the Royal Naval Reserve in 1993)
    • The Women's Royal Naval Supplementary Reserve
  • The Queen Alexandra's Royal Naval Nursing Service Reserve (incorporated within the Royal Naval Reserve in 2000)

Formerly the Royal Maritime Auxiliary Service, the Royal Fleet Reserve, and the Royal Corps of Naval Constructors were also considered part of the Naval Service.

Composition of the Naval Service[edit]

Royal Navy[edit]

Main article: Royal Navy

Referred to as the "Senior Service" by virtue of it being the oldest service within the British Armed Forces, the Royal Navy is a technologically sophisticated naval force and forms the core structure of the Naval Service. The Navy has been structured around a single fleet since the abolition of the Eastern and Western fleets in 1971.[5] Command of deployable assets is exercised by the Commander-in-Chief Fleet, who also has authority over the Royal Marines and the civilian Royal Fleet Auxiliary.[6] Personnel matters are the responsibility of the Second Sea Lord/Commander-in-Chief Naval Home Command, an appointment usually held by a vice-admiral.[7] The United Kingdom's nuclear deterrent is carried aboard the navy's Vanguard-class of four nuclear ballistic-missile submarines. The surface fleet consists of destroyers, frigates, amphibious assault ships, patrol ships, mine-countermeasures, and miscellaneous vessels. The submarine service has existed within the Royal Navy for more than 100 years. The service possessed a combined fleet of diesel-electric and nuclear-powered submarines until the early 1990s. Following the Options for Change defence review, the Upholder class diesel-electric submarines were withdrawn and the attack submarine flotilla is now exclusively nuclear-powered.

Royal Marines[edit]

Main article: Royal Marines

The infantry component of the Naval Service is the Corps of Royal Marines. Consisting of a single manoeuvre brigade (3 Commando Brigade) and various independent units, the Royal Marines specialise in amphibious, arctic, and mountain warfare.[8] Contained within 3 Commando Brigade are three attached army units; 1st Battalion, The Rifles, an infantry battalion based at Beachley Barracks near Chepstow (from April 2008), 29 Commando Regiment Royal Artillery, an artillery regiment based in Plymouth, and 24 Commando Regiment Royal Engineers.[9] The Commando Logistic Regiment consists of personnel from the Army, Royal Marines, and Royal Navy.[10]

In support of the Naval Service[edit]

Royal Fleet Auxiliary[edit]

Main article: Royal Fleet Auxiliary

The Royal Fleet Auxiliary is a civilian-manned fleet owned by the British Ministry of Defence. The RFA enables ships of the Royal Navy to maintain operations around the world. Its primary role is to supply the Royal Navy with fuel, ammunition and supplies, normally by replenishment at sea (RAS). It also transports Army and Royal Marine personnel, as well as supporting training exercises. RFA personnel are members of the Ministry of Defence civil service who wear Merchant Navy rank insignia with naval uniforms and are under naval discipline when the vessel is engaged on warlike operations. RFA vessels are commanded and crewed by these civilians, augmented with regular and reserve Royal Navy personnel to perform specialised military functions such as operating and maintaining helicopters or providing hospital facilities. The RFA is funded out of the UK defence budget and the Commodore commanding the RFA is directly responsible to the Royal Navy Commander-in-Chief Fleet (CINCFLEET).

The Royal Fleet Auxiliary also augments the Royal Navy's amphibious warfare capabilities through its three Bay-class landing ship dock vessels. The service is manned by around 1,850 civilian personnel.

Marine Services[edit]

Main article: Serco Marine Services

Marine Services enables Royal Navy and Royal Fleet Auxiliary Ships, including the United Kingdoms Strategic Nuclear Deterrent, to either move in or out of port for operational deployment and training exercises around the world. The service operates a large assortment of vessels including tugs and pilot boats as well as transporting stores, liquid and munitions and providing passenger transfer services to and from ships for officers and crew. Serco Denholm took over Marine Services to the Naval Service from the now disbanded Royal Maritime Auxiliary Service in 2008. In late 2009 Serco bought out Denholm's share, with the service now being known as Serco Marine Services.[11]

Lists of vessels[edit]

See the articles below for lists of vessels operated by or in support of Her Majesty's Naval Service:

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^
  2. ^
    1630–1707
    1707–1800

References[edit]

  1. ^ NAVAL PERSONNEL HIERARCHY, mod.uk. 5th October 2014.
  2. ^ Her Majesty’s Naval Service Eligibility and Guidance Notes, mod.uk. 5th October 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Queen's Regulations for the Royal Navy". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 29 August 2013. 
  4. ^ Admiral George Zembillas at MoD Website
  5. ^ Hampshire (1975), The Royal Navy Since 1945: its transition to the nuclear age, p248
  6. ^ Fleet Command and Organisation, armedforces.co.uk
  7. ^ https://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/static/content/209.html
  8. ^ BBC News (2002), UK's mountain warfare elite, news.bbc.co.uk
  9. ^ The Commando Role for 1 RIFLER, army.mod.uk
  10. ^ Commando Logistic Regiment, royalnavy.mod.uk
  11. ^ Bush, Steve (2014). British Warships and Auxiliaries. Maritime Books. p. 64. ISBN 1904459552.