Commandos Marine

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Commandos Marine
Insigne de beret de commando marine.jpg
Commando beret badge
Active 1947–present
Country  France
Branch Logo of the French Navy (Marine Nationale).svg French Navy
Type Marine Commando
Role Special Operations
Special Reconnaissance
Underwater demolition
Amphibious Warfare
Size ~ 600 Commandos
Garrison/HQ Lorient
Saint-Mandrier-sur-Mer
Nickname bérets verts (green berets)
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Com. Philippe Kieffer
Marine Nationale
Naval Ensign of France
Motto: Honneur, Patrie, Valeur, Discipline
(“Honour, Homeland, Valour, Discipline”)
Command
Naval Ministers
Maritime Prefect
Components
Force d'action navale
Forces sous-marines (FOST, ESNA)
Aviation navale
FORFUSCO (Commandos Marine, Fusiliers Marins)
Gendarmerie Maritime
Equipment
Current fleet
Current deployments
Personnel
Ranks in the French Navy
History
History of the French Navy
Future of the French Navy
Ensigns and pennants
Historic ships

   battleships
   cruisers
   ships of the line
   Sail frigates

Historic fleets
Awards
Croix de guerre
Médaille militaire
Légion d'honneur
Ribbons

The Naval Commandos (French: Commandos Marine) are the special operation forces of the French Navy. They are made up of some 600 members, mostly based in northwestern France (Brittany), with several bases across the country for specific training needs. The Naval Commandos are nicknamed bérets verts (Green Berets). They operate under the Naval Rifle and Special Forces Command and form part of the French Special Operations Command.

History[edit]

The Naval Commandos were formed during World War II in Great Britain modeled alongside the British Commandos (who were founded in 1940). They were formed from Free French Navy Fusiliers-Marins (naval infantry) and trained at the Commando Basic Training Centre Achnacarry, Scotland. To commemorate this the beret of the French naval commandos is worn pulled to the right with the badge worn over the left eye or temple, the opposite of all other French units.

It took part in the Normandy Landing on D-Day under command of Commandant Philippe Kieffer.

Recruitment and training[edit]

Tribute to Commando Kieffer, 6 June 2009

All the recruits must first be Fusiliers-Marins (except for "Kieffer Commando" where recruits are specialists) with at least 9 months of service. They have to enter a special forces basic training course reputed to be one of the toughest among the NATO Special Operation Forces. The basic training is called Stage Commando (commando training).

Commando training is the gateway to the special forces for the marines. Conducted at the Fusilier Marins school at Lorient on the Atlantic coast, it provides upon successful completion entry to the commandos and the right to wear the green beret. Lasting 20 weeks, it includes one week of commando testing, six weeks of preparatory training, four weeks of evaluation, the actual commando training for seven weeks, and two weeks of parachute training. During this period, any mistake can instantly disqualify the candidate. The ultimate goal of this training is to detect individuals with the physical, intellectual and psychological potential needed to serve in the marine commandos. The historical roots of commando training date back to the Second World War, when Fusilier-Marins volunteers from the Free French Navy went to the Commando training center in Achnacarry, Scotland. Since then, the naval commandos have kept by tradition the green beret pulled right with the bronze shield badge on the left, the only such exception in the French armed forces. They have retained the principle of exceptional training without compromise, based on immersion in a highly stressful environment, close to the conditions of combat operations.

The prospective Commandos in training are constantly under stress and pressure from instructors leaving them no respite. All activities are timed and scored: marching tens of kilometers with equipment and weapon in all weathers, obstacle courses and night navigation exercises. The training is punctuated by firearms training and assault tactics, climbing and rappelling, boat handling, explosives instruction and hand-to-hand combat. The instructors are experienced operatives assigned to the Commando School who monitor and punish failure with extra-hard physical activity.

The Commandos Marine have evolved to be broadly comparable to the British Special Boat Service.

Composition[edit]

Their personnel is distributed between six Commandos, named after former naval fusilier officers killed in action, and a dedicated maritime counter-terrorist unit :

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Le commando de Montfort". Net-Marine. Retrieved 2009-10-01. 

External links[edit]