Navesink Twin Lights

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Navesink Twin Lights
Navesink Twin Lights from Sandy Hook, New Jersey.jpg
The historic Twin Lights of Highlands, New Jersey
Navesink Twin Lights is located in Monmouth County, New Jersey
Navesink Twin Lights
Location Highlands, New Jersey
Coordinates 40°23′46.4″N 73°59′8.8″W / 40.396222°N 73.985778°W / 40.396222; -73.985778Coordinates: 40°23′46.4″N 73°59′8.8″W / 40.396222°N 73.985778°W / 40.396222; -73.985778
Year first constructed 1862
Year first lit 1862
Automated 1949
Deactivated 1898 (north tower); 1952 (south tower)
north tower relit in 1962
Characteristic
Navesink Light Station
Navesink.jpg
Navesink Light Station
Architect Joseph Lederle
Governing body State
NRHP Reference #

70000389[1] Twin Lights

06000237[1] Landmark
NJRHP # 1980[2]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP December 2, 1970
Designated NHL February 17, 2006[3]
Designated NJRHP September 11, 1980

The Navesink Twin Lights is a non-operational lighthouse and museum located in Highlands, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States, overlooking Sandy Hook Bay, the entrance to the New York Harbor and the Atlantic Ocean. The Twin Lights, as the name implies, are a pair of beacons located 246 feet (75 m) above sea level on the headlands of the Navesink Highlands.

In 1962, the State of New Jersey acquired Twin Lights. At the current museum facility, tours of the lighthouse, a climb of the North Tower and its expansive ocean view, and a view of the lighthouse equipment, await visitors. Twin Lights is listed on the State and National Register of Historic Places.

The Twin Lights State Historic Site is part of the New Jersey Coastal Heritage Trail Route.

History[edit]

A tower of the Twin Lights on the Navesink

A lighthouse existed on the site since 1828, when it became an important guide and landmark for ships navigating the treacherous entrances to New York Harbor.

The current lighthouse was constructed in 1862. The non-identical towers by day and the two beacons by night—one flashing and one fixed—allowed ready identification by mariners of the identity of the facility, thus allowing a rough determination of their location approaching the harbor.

This was the first American lighthouse to test a Fresnel lens and was also the site of a demonstration by Marconi of the wireless telegraph in 1899.[4] A bi-valve fresnel lens is on display in the museum.[5]

The north tower light was discontinued in 1898; at the same time the south tower was electrified, one of the first lighthouses in the United States to do so. It was automated in 1949, but was discontinued in 1952 as the importance of the light diminished.

In 1962, the site was turned over to the state of New Jersey, which installed a sixth order lens and reactivated the north tower as a private aid to navigation. This light remains active.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ "New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places - Monmouth County". New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection - Historic Preservation Office. November 22, 2013. p. 5. 
  3. ^ "Navesink Light Station". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. 2008-06-23. 
  4. ^ Twin Lights NHL Dedication
  5. ^ Ricks Lighthouses

External links[edit]