Navi Mumbai International Airport
|Navi Mumbai International Airport
नवी मुंबई अंतरराष्ट्रीय विमानतळ
|IATA: none – ICAO: none|
|Owner||private sector partner (74%), AAI (13%), CIDCO (13%)|
|Location||Navi Mumbai, Raigad, Maharashtra, India|
|Sources: City and Industrial Development Corporation|
Navi Mumbai International Airport is a proposed greenfield international airport, to be built in the Kopra-Panvel area of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region in India. City and Industrial Development Corporation (CIDCO) is the nodal agency for the project which will be built through public–private partnership (PPP) on a 'design, build, finance, operate and transfer' (DBFOT) basis.
The airport project, aimed at easing air traffic congestion at Mumbai's Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, has been delayed due to property disputes. The project, spread over 1,160 hectares, still has 247 hectares left to be acquired that is being negotiated between the government and the project affected people (PAP) from five villages. They are yet to accept the government's compensation. CIDCO, however, floated a global request for qualification (RFQ) for the project on 5 February 2014. The private sector partner will hold 74% equity in the airport while the Airports Authority of India (AAI) and CIDCO each holding 13%.
The project was first conceived in November 1997 when the Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA) constituted a Committee to examine the various sites for a second airport for Mumbai. The committee recommended a site at Mandwa-Rewas in June 2000, since the proposed airport was to have a single runway.
In September that year, CIDCO revised the original proposal to provide for a pair of parallel runways and submitted its feasibility report to the MoCA. AAI's sub-committee that examined the Navi Mumbai site found it technically and operationally feasible and suggested that CIDCO carry out a detailed Techno- Economic Feasibility Study (TEFS) of the project. The TEFS was submitted in 2001 following which the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) conducted a Simulation Study which confirmed that simultaneous operation of two airports was possible with appropriate procedures in place. In February 2007, CIDCO submitted Project Feasibility and Business Plan Report to the MoCA and the project received in-principle approval from the Union Cabinet in July.
In July 2008, the Government of Maharashtra granted approval for development of the project on PPP basis and appointed CIDCO as the nodal agency for its implementation. The project received Defence clearance by the Ministry of Defence (MoD) by the end of 2010. The site had several environmental problems in dealing with mangroves and rain/storm water drains in Panvel. There is an NGO fighting government agencies regarding Panvel. The Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) gave its clearance for the Navi Mumbai international airport on 14 May 2008. The environmental ministry finally cleared the project on 23 November 2010.
The coastal land required is about 1,405 ha (3,470 acres) with 1,160 ha (2,900 acres) for the core airport activity and an another 245 ha (610 acres) on Waghivali Island to be developed as Mangrove Park and will have two parallel runways each 3,700 m (12,139 ft) long. It is to be located on National Highway 4B near Panvel, about 35 km (22 mi) from the existing Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport.
The airport will have a terminal area of 250,000 m2 (2,700,000 sq ft) and a cargo area of 100,000 m2 (1,100,000 sq ft) and handle 50–55 million passengers annually. The site of airport is located in an area of 9.5 km2 (3.7 sq mi)
The new airport will cater to 10 million passengers a year in its initial phase (end-2014), 25 million by 2020, 45 million by 2025, and 60 million by 2030, according to CIDCO.
The airport is to have two parallel runways, 3,700 m × 60 m (12,140 ft × 200 ft) and spaced 1,550 m (5,090 ft) apart (ICAO minimum requirement is 1,090 m (3,580 ft)) with provision of full length taxi ways on either side of the runways. The runways will be connected to the apron by taxiways with the approach road to the terminal passing underneath. The code 4-F airport will be able to host new-generation aircraft like the Airbus A380 and Boeing 747-8.
The terminal building will cover over 523,000 m2 (5,630,000 sq ft). The two terminal buildings will have a total of 350 check-in counters. There will be three curbs each on the north and south sides. The level one curb will be dedicated to commercial vehicles, the second will be for arrivals and the third for departures.
The main terminal building will have five levels, including two mezzanine floors.
- Level one of the terminal will house the metro train station, the commercial ground transportation curb, baggage sorting area and vehicular parking.
- Level two (mezzanine) will have explosive detection baggage screening areas, bridge connections to parking areas, metro train station and offices.
- Level three will have baggage claims, public arrival curbs and greeting areas The level three will be dedicated for arrivals.
- Level four (mezzanine) will provide departing passenger access to the concourse. It will also provide arriving passengers access to baggage claim areas from concourse and also a bridge connection to the car park.
- Level five will hold passenger check-in lobbies.
The terminal building will provide 81 contact aircraft positions and 29 remote aircraft parking bays. The adjoining cargo complex will cover 201,581 m2 (2,169,800 sq ft), while the aircraft fuelling enclave will be spread over 151,000 m2 (1,630,000 sq ft). Over 276 ha (680 acres) have been earmarked for non-aeronautical activities like hotels and commercial plazas. The airport will have parking slots for 5,500 cars, 3,500 bikes, 120 buses and 10 cargo trucks. It will cater to 10 million passengers per annum in the first phase and 60 million once it goes full stream by 2030. The total project cost is expected to be Rs 14,573 crore.
CIDCO's RFQ states that the estimated total project cost for the development of phase 1 and 2 of NMIA will be 9500 crore (US$1.6 billion). The cost of pre-development work is estimated at 2358 crore (US$390 million), which includes 1538 crore (US$260 million) of land development for airport and 800 crore (US$130 million) for other works. 
National Highway 4B will provide the main road access to the airport from the east, whereas the Aamra Marg will allow access from the west. The planned Sewri-Nhava Sheva Trans Harbour Link will connect the airport with Mumbai. The new airport will have a 10-lane approach road to its terminal building flanked by its two runways.
Objections to the location
Objections were raised by the Union Ministry of Environment and Forests on the current proposed location of the Navi Mumbai International Airport near the Kopra Panvel area, apparently because the construction of the airport would involve reclamation of low-lying areas in an ecologically fragile zone as well as destruction of several hectares of mangroves. There are serious environmental issues. Its construction would damage mangrove cultivation in the 2,000 ha (4,900 acres), besides the diversion of Gadhi and Ulwe rivers, which according to the Union Environment and Forests Ministry is a very serious issue considering the destruction Mumbai faced during the 26 July 2005 floods. As a result of these new developments other locations were considered.
- The original option of locating near Rewas Mandwa
The proposed airport site is centred around the region of Rewas and Mandwa near Alibag, where the original proposal of a second international airport existed on all regional development plans, and the location was commented to be the most fit and correct, barring the excessive financial cost involved in building a sea-link/creek bridge over the Karanja Creek connecting Uran – Jawaharlal Nehru Port area to the proposed airport at Rewas Mandwa. It is only at a distance of 20 nautical miles (37 km; 23 mi) by sea makes it a viable location.
- The other option of locating near Kalyan – Nevali
The second option proposed the use of Kalyan Airstrip, an old and abandoned airstrip of the Second World War era off village Newali near Kalyan-Ambarnath 55 km (34 mi) away from the current airport in Mumbai. The Union Defence Ministry owns the 1,500 acres (610 ha) of land on which it is located. The proposal was centred around those 1,500 acres (610 ha) of land.
Both options were later ruled out and the site was finalised at Panvel.
Land acquisition hurdles
The airport is facing hurdles in the acquisition of private land. The airport requires 2,042 ha (5,050 acres). CIDCO needs to acquire 424 ha (1,050 acres) of privately owned land for which CIDCO officials and the State Government have been negotiating with the residents of seven villages. Land acquisition is stuck as the villagers (5,000 families) are demanding a higher compensation package of 200 million per acre. Villagers and land holders at the planned site of the airport are unhappy with the compensation paid to them. CIDCO then formed a committee composed of the divisional commissioner of the Konkan division and local politicians. The committee had offered the project-affected-people (PAP) two rehabilitation-related compensation options:
- a) 12.5% of developed land at the ready reckoner rates, in addition to monetary compensation
- b) 22.5% developed land in Navi Mumbai.
In response, the PAP allowed CIDCO to carry out survey work in the Chinchpada village, and not at the other nine villages within the proposed airport site. However, the PAP still haven't agreed completely to the compensation options offered by the CIDCO. The PAP pressure group made it clear that it hasn't yet accepted the offer made by CIDCO, and will reach a decision only when CIDCO fulfils a list of its demands, one of which asks for appointments against pending vacancies in the development body, which are reserved for PAP.
- Navi Mumbai International Airport
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