Navy blue

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For other uses, see Navy blue (disambiguation).
NavyHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #000080
sRGBB  (rgb) (0, 0, 128)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (100, 98, 14, 17)
HSV       (h, s, v) (240°, 100%, 50%)
Source HTML/CSS[1]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Navy blue is a very dark shade of the color blue. Navy blue got its name from the dark blue (contrasted with white) worn by officers in the British Royal Navy since 1748 and subsequently adopted by other navies around the world.

When this color name, taken from the usual color of the uniforms of sailors, originally came into use in the early 19th century, it was initially called marine blue, but the name of the color soon changed to navy blue.[2]

An early use of navy blue as a color name in English was in 1840[3] though the Oxford English Dictionary has a citation from 1813.

In practice, actual blue uniforms of the United States Navy and other navies have become outright black in color, because of difficulties in exact matching of shades of blue from various suppliers.[citation needed]

Variations of navy blue[edit]

Bright navy blue[edit]

Navy Blue (Crayola)How to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #1974D2
sRGBB  (rgb) (25, 116, 210)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (88, 45, 0, 18)
HSV       (h, s, v) (210°, 88%, 82[4]%)
Source Crayola
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed the color bright navy blue. This is the bright tone called "navy blue" by Crayola.

This tone of navy blue was formulated as a Crayola color in 1958.


Indigo dye[edit]

Main article: Indigo § Indigo dye
Indigo DyeHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #091F92
sRGBB  (rgb) (9, 31, 146)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (100, 80, 0, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v) (230°, 94%, 57%)
Source Gallego and Sanz[5]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Indigo dye is the color that is called Añil (the Spanish word for "indigo dye") in the Guía de coloraciones (Guide to colorations) by Rosa Gallego and Juan Carlos Sanz, a color dictionary published in 2005 that is widely popular in the Hispanophone realm.

Indigo dye is the basis for all the historical navy blue colors, since in the 18th, 19th, and early 20th century, almost all navy uniforms were made by dyeing them with various shades of indigo dye.

Purple navy[edit]

Purple NavyHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #4E5180
sRGBB  (rgb) (78, 81, 128)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (39, 37, 0, 50)
HSV       (h, s, v) (236°, 39%, 50[6]%)
Source ISCC-NBS
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed the color purple navy.

Purple navy is a color that has been used by some navies. "Purple navy" in this color terminology usage is regarded as a shade of indigo, a color which can be regarded as a tone of purple when using the common English definition of purple, i.e., a color between blue and red.

The first recorded use of "purple navy" as a color name in English was in 1926.[7]

The source of this color is: ISCC-NBS Dictionary of Color Names (1955)--Color Sample of Purple Navy (color sample #200)


Persian indigo[edit]

Persian IndigoHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #32127A
sRGBB  (rgb) (50, 18, 122)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (96, 100, 16, 11)
HSV       (h, s, v) (258°, 85%, 48%)
Source [1]/Maerz and Paul[8]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color Persian indigo is displayed at right. Another name for this color (seldom used nowadays) is regimental. The color was called regimental because in the 19th century it was commonly used by many nations for navy uniforms.

The first recorded use of regimental (the original name for the color now called Persian indigo) as a color name in English was in 1912.[9]

Space cadet[edit]

Space CadetHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #1D2951
sRGBB  (rgb) (29, 41, 81)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (64, 49, 0, 68)
HSV       (h, s, v) (226°, 64%, 32[10]%)
Source Resene
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the color space cadet.

Space cadet is one of the colors on the Resene Color List, a color list widely popular in Australia and New Zealand. The color "space cadet" was formulated in 2007.

This color is apparently a formulation of an impression of the color that cadets in space navy training would wear.


Navy blue in culture[edit]

Computers[edit]

Navy Blue (HTML)How to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #000080
Source [2]
  • The color navy was one of the original 16 HTML/CSS colors initially formulated for standardized computer display in the late 1980s.

Military[edit]

Music[edit]

Sports[edit]

Navy blue is used by numerous professional and collegiate sports teams:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ W3C TR CSS3 Color Module, HTML4 color keywords
  2. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 168 Discussion of color navy blue
  3. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 103; Color Sample of Navy blue: Page 131 Plate 40 Color Sample E11
  4. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #1974D2 (Bright Navy Blue):
  5. ^ Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guía de coloraciones (Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guide to Colorations) Madrid: H. Blume. ISBN 84-89840-31-8
  6. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code #4E5180 (Purple Navy):
  7. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 202; Color Sample of Purple Navy: Page 115 Plate 46 Color Sample F12
  8. ^ The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called regimental in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color regimental is displayed on page 117, Plate 47, Color Sample C10.
  9. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 203 (It is also stated under the entry on Persian Blue on page 201 that the color on Plate 47 Color Sample C10 (regimental) is a [darker] tone of Persian Blue.); color sample of Regimental: Page 117 Plate 47 Color Sample C10
  10. ^ web.Forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to color #1D2951 (Space Cadet):
  11. ^ Canadian Forces Dress Instructions
  12. ^ Diane Renay’s website