Military Cross of Merit (Poland)

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Military Cross of Merit (Wojskowy Krzyż Zasługi)
Navy Cross of Merit (Morski Krzyż Zasługi)
Air Force Cross of Merit (Lotniczy Krzyż Zasługi)
POL Wojskowy Krzyz Zaslugi z Mieczami 1x awers.png POL Morski Krzyz Zaslugi z Mieczami awers.png POL Lotniczy Krzyz Zaslugi z Mieczami 2x awers..png
Obverse of the crosses with swords (z Mieczami)
Awarded by the President of Poland
Country  Poland
Eligibility Military
Awarded for To members of the Polish Armed Forces for meritorious service in combat operations against acts of terrorism at home or during military missions overseas (w. swords); for outstanding non-combat meritorious achievement or service (without swords).
Status Currently awarded
Clasps denotes subsequent award
Statistics
Established 14 June 2007
Precedence
Next (higher) Bronze Cross of Merit
Next (lower) Medal for Sacrifice and Courage
Related Order of the Military Cross
Military Cross
POL Wojskowy Krzyż Zasługi z Mieczami BAR.svg
Ribbon bar of the Army Cross of Merit w. Swords
POL Morski Krzyż Zasługi z Mieczami BAR.svg
Ribbon bar of the Navy Cross of Merit w. Swords
POL Lotniczy Krzyż Zasługi BAR.svg
Ribbon bar of the Air Force Cross of Merit

The Military Cross of Merit (Polish: Wojskowy Krzyż Zasługi), Navy Cross of Merit (Morski Krzyż Zasługi), Air Force Cross of Merit (Lotniczy Krzyż Zasługi) are military decorations awarded to members of the Polish Armed Forces. The crosses with swords (z Mieczami) are conferred for meritorious service in combat operations against acts of terrorism at home or during military, peacekeeping or stabilization missions overseas; the crosses without swords are conferred for outstanding non-combat meritorious achievement or service.[1]

History[edit]

The crosses were established by the Law of 14 June 2007, which amended the Act of 16 October 1992, concerning medals and decorations. This law saw the creation of the crosses along with the Military Cross and the Medal for Long Service. The change was implemented on October 9, 2007. In the order of precedence of Polish medals it ranks between the Bronze Cross of Merit and the Medal for Sacrifice and Courage.[2]

Eligibility[edit]

The crosses are presented by the President of Poland, on his own initiative or at the request of the Minister of Defence. The president also has the right to revoke the award. The crosses with swords are to be awarded no later than three years after the end of combat operations. Each of the crosses may be awarded twice to any single person, the second award being denoted by a bar on the ribbon and ribbon bar. A particular cross may be awarded to members of the service it represents, however in exceptional cases it can be conferred to members of the other services as well. Civilians and members of non-military uniformed services are not eligible.

Design[edit]

The design of the crosses is patterned on that of the Order of the Military Cross. It is a massive Greek cross, in bronze for the Military Cross of Merit, in silver for the two other crosses. The center of the crosses is as follows:

The reverse looks the same for all three crosses and is inscribed "POLSKA SWEMU OBROŃCY" (Poland to her defender) with two laurel twigs on the sides.

Ribbon bars
1st award 2nd award
Military Cross of Merit
POL Wojskowy Krzyż Zasługi BAR.svg
POL Wojskowy Krzyż Zasługi 2r BAR.svg
Military Cross of Merit with Swords
POL Wojskowy Krzyż Zasługi z Mieczami BAR.svg
POL Wojskowy Krzyż Zasługi z Mieczami 2r BAR.svg
Navy Cross of Merit
POL Morski Krzyż Zasługi BAR.svg
POL Morski Krzyż Zasługi 2r BAR.svg
Navy Cross of Merit with Swords
POL Morski Krzyż Zasługi z Mieczami BAR.svg
POL Morski Krzyż Zasługi z Mieczami 2r BAR.svg
Air Force Cross of Merit
POL Lotniczy Krzyż Zasługi BAR.svg
POL Lotniczy Krzyż Zasługi 2r BAR.svg
Air Force Cross of Merit with Swords
POL Lotniczy Krzyż Zasługi z Mieczami BAR.svg
POL Lotniczy Krzyż Zasługi z Mieczami 2r BAR.svg

References[edit]

  1. ^ Megan C. Robertson (11 January 2009). "Poland Army Cross of Merit". Medals of the World. Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  2. ^ Sejm of the Republic of Poland (14 June 2007). "Act of 14 June 2007 amending the Law on medals and decorations" (in Polish). Chancellery of the Sejm. Retrieved 11 November 2012. 

External links[edit]

  1. Lukasz Gaszewski (2011). "Army Cross of Merit". Orders and Decorations of Poland. Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  2. Megan C. Robertson (11 January 2009). "Poland Army Cross of Merit". Medals of the World. Retrieved 11 November 2012. 

See also[edit]