Bangladesh Navy

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Bangladesh Navy
বাংলাদেশ নৌবাহিনী
Bangladesh Navy Logo.jpg
Bangladesh Navy Crest
Active 1971 - present
Country  Bangladesh
Branch Navy
Type Naval Warfare
Size 25,000 personnel[1][unreliable source?]
80+ ships[2]
4 aircraft[citation needed]
Part of Bangladesh Armed Forces
Ministry of Defence
Naval Headquarters Banani, Dhaka
Nickname BN
Patron The President of Bangladesh
Motto শান্তিতে সংগ্রামে সমুদ্রে দূর্জয়
Transliteration: Shantite Shongrame Shamudre Durjoy
(In War and Peace Invincible at Sea)
Anniversaries 26 March, 7 November.
Engagements Bangladesh Liberation War
Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
Website www.navy.mil.bd
Commanders
Ministry of Defence Sheikh Hasina
Chief of Naval Staff Vice Admiral M Farid Habib (ND), ndc, psc, BN
Insignia
Naval Ensign Naval Ensign of Bangladesh.svg
Aircraft flown
Helicopter AW-109 Power
Patrol Dornier 228 NG

The Bangladesh Navy (BN, Bengali: বাংলাদেশ নৌবাহিনী, Bānglādēśh Naubāhinī) is the naval warfare branch of the Bangladesh Armed Forces. It is responsible for ensuring the security of Bangladeshi maritime territory and vital shipping lanes in the Bay of Bengal. The Bangladesh Navy is also a key player in regional counter-terrorism efforts and UN peacekeeping missions in different parts of the world.[3][4][5]

History[edit]

Foundation[edit]

The Bangladesh Navy was created as part of Bangladesh Forces during Bangladesh's 1971 liberation war against Pakistan. It's official creation date is July 1971 during the historic Bangladesh Sector Commanders Conference 1971. In 1971, with West Pakistan imposing a brutal military crack-down in East Pakistan, the Bangladesh Liberation War was already underway. Many Bengali sailors and officers in the Pakistan Navy defected to form the nascent Bangladesh Navy. Initially, there were two ships PADMA and PALASH and 45 navy personnel. On 9 November 1971, the first naval fleet consisting of six small patrol vessels were inaugurated.[6] These ships tried to carry out raids on the Pakistani fleet, but were mistakenly hit and sunk by Indian Air Force on 10 December 1971. The next major attack was launched on Mongla seaport. According to official figures from Bangladesh Navy, a total of 334 sailors were involved with the newly created navy with 22 being killed in action.[7]

After Independence[edit]

Bangladesh Navy started its journey as a naval warfare arm of the independent nation with a six patrol boats given by India. The Ex Royal Navy Salisbury-class frigate BNS Umar Farooq, anad two Leopard-class frigate BNS Ali Haider and BNS Abu Bakar joined BN fleet in 1976, 1978 and 1982 respectively. The range and capability of the frigates helped BN claim sovereignty over its territorial sea and EEZ for the first time.

BN received its first Type 024 missile boats from China in early 1983. The small crafts gave the BN a stand-ff strike capability for the first time.

In 1989, as a symbol of growing defense relation with China, Bangladesh Navy got an Ex-PLA Navy Type 053H1 (Jianghu-II) frigate, commissioned as BNS Osman which is the first guided missile frigate of Bangladesh.

In 1995, BN commissioned five minesweepers. The four Ex-RN River-class vessels and one Chinese-made Type 010 minesweeper gave BN its first mine countermeasures capability. The deep sea operating capability of the ships also helped BN to extend its patrol capabilities deeper into the Bay of Bengal.

In the year 2000, BN acquired BNS Bangabandhu from South Korea. The modified Ulsan-class frigate with improved armament, state-of-the art western electronics and a helicopter hangar became BN's most modern ship.

During 2002-2004, BN took delivery of five Ex-RN Island-class OPVs. The massive range (11,000 nm) of the ships and their superb sea-keeping capabilities (12-15kt in Force 8 gale) helped BN cover the remotest parts of Bangladesh's EEZ.

Modernization Plans[edit]

In 2009, Bangladesh government adopted a long term modernization plan for its armed forces called Forces Goal 2030. Under this plan navy got more importance due to the strategic importance of Bay of Bengal and possibility of getting huge oil and gas in the bay. Due to disputes over maritime boundary with India and Myanmar navy become more important. As a result several steps were taken to make navy a three dimensional deterrent force.

As part of the new modernization plan, BN received two Ex-RN Castle-class OPVs and an Ex-RN Roebuck-class survey vessel. The Castle-class ships were converted into guided missile corvettes. BN also received two Type 053H2 (Jianghu-III) frigate from PLAN as a stop-gap. Two Durjoy-class Large Patrol Craft (LPC)/Corvettes were built in China and joined BN in 2013. A US Coast Guard High Endurance Cutter also joined BN in 2014, which is planned to be converted into a guided-missile frigate. Two Type 056 corvettes are also under construction in China and are likely to join BN by 2015.

Bangladesh Navy opened its air arm on 14 July 2011 with the induction of two AgustaWestland AW109 helicopters. Later on, two Dornier Do-228NG MPA was introduced in 2013.

To become a three dimensional deterrent force, Bangladesh Navy is on the process of inducting two off the shelf 035 Ming class submarines from China. A submarine base is being made at Pekua in Cox's Bazar.[8]

BN received it first locally made warship BNS Padma in January 2013. All five units of the Padma-class patrol vessels were constructed at Khulna Shipyard (KSY) and all joined BN in 2013. At least two follow-up units of Durjoy-class corvettes are also likely to be built at KSY. An underway replenishment ship for BN made at the Ananda Shipyard was launched in 2013. The ship will significantly increase the length of stay of BN ships in the deep sea.

UN Missions, Multinational Exercises & Naval Diplomacy[edit]

Bangladesh Navy's first UN mission came in 2005, when a Bangladesh Navy contingent was sent to Sudan as Force Riverine Unit (FRU). This unit consisted of six High Speed Boats, two Recce Boats, one inflatable boat and one support vessel fitted with heavy and light machine guns. The mission served there until 2012. Besides a full contingent in SUDAN, BN has deployed one Riverine Unit (Boat Detachment) in ONUCI (Ivory Coast). It is equipped with 02 x High Speed Boat (RIB 33SC) with heavy and light machine gun. This unit is located at Abidjan and responsible for Lagoon patrol, VVIP protection, evacuation, Search & Rescue operation. In 2014, BN deployed another unit to Mali, under UN Multi- Dimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA). The unit is known as Bangladesh Riverine Unit (BANRU)-1 (Mali), which is equipped with 2 x HSB (High Speed Boat), 4 X RHIB (Rigid Hull Inflatable Boat), 2 X Gemini Boat and 1 x Support Vessel (Naval Ship).

Bangladesh Navy is currently serving in United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) in Lebanon since 2010, when two ships BNS Osman and BNS Madhumati were deployed there in May of that year. BN is the third Asian and only subcontinental navy to serve in that volatile region. BN pulled off an extraordinary feat by maintaining the two ships thousands of miles from Bangladesh in the Mediterranean Sea for four long years until June 2014, when the ships were replaced by BNS Ali Haider and BNS Nirmul.[9]

BN ships regularly participate in exercises with other navies, gaining valuable experience and improving their warfighting capabilities. CARAT is a yearly exercise conducted with the US Navy in the Bay of Bengal since 2011. BN has sent an OPV to every MILAN multinational naval exercise held near the Andaman Islands since 2010. AMAN, another multinational exercise held every two years in the Arab Sea, organised by Pakistan, has also been participated by BN frigates since 2009. Exercise Ferocious Falcon in the Parsian Gulf, organized by Qatar, is also participated by frigate BNS Bangabandhu regularly. BNS Abu Bakar participated in 14th Western Pacific Naval Symposium-2014 in China.

BN ships regularly visit other countries, which go a long way to improve relations among countries. Such naval diplomacy has helped uphold a positive image of Bangladesh in front of the rest of the world.

The Search for Missing Malaysian Airlines Flight MH370[edit]

BN joined in the search operation of missing Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 with BNS Bangabandhu, BNS Umar Farooq and a Dornier Do-228NG MPA in March 2014. The aircraft was a Boeing 777-200ER which gone missing from the sky 12 Malaysian crew members and 227 passengers from 14 nations during the flight from Malaysia to China. Later, BNS Umar Farooq was replaced by BNS Somudra Joy. The search was renewed in May 2014 when an Australian exploration company claimed to have traced aircraft debris in the Bay of Bengal. This time, the BN responded with BNS Anushandhan, a survey vessel equipped with sophisticated side-scan sonar to scan the ocean bed. BNS Bangabandhu accompanied the survey ship. Both the search operations in March and May 2014 produced no evidence of the missing aircraft. The two missions highlighted the efforts of BN to the rest of the world.

Organization and formation[edit]

Bangladesh Navy (BN) has its headquarters at Banani, Dhaka. The headquarters has 4 branches, Operations (O), Personnel (P), Material (M) and Logistics (Log). Each branch is headed by officers who are titled as Principal Staff Officer (PSO) and known as Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (ACNS), e.g., ACNS (O). Under each PSO there are various Directorates headed by Directors with the rank of Captain. Under each Director there are Deputy Directors (DD) and Staff Officers (SO).

Flag officers holding command or important positions in the Bangladesh Navy are as follows.

Headquarters[edit]

Naval Headquarters Command Structure[edit]

Sleeve insignia Appointment Rank and Name
Generic-Navy-O10.svg Chief of Naval Staff Vice Admiral M Farid Habib, ndc, psc
Generic-Navy-O9.svg Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Operations) Rear Admiral A M M M Aurangzeb Chowdhury, (G), ndc, psc, BN
Generic-Navy-O9.svg Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Personnel) Rear Admiral K S Hossain, (TAS), (CD), ncc, psc, BN
Generic-Navy-O9.svg Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Material) Rear Admiral Riaz Uddin Ahmed, (E), ndu, afwc, psc, BN
Generic-Navy-O9.svg Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Logistics) Rear Admiral Mohammed Saiful Kabir, (L), ndu, psc, BN
UK-Navy-OF6.svg Drafting Authority Commodore S M Arshadul Abedin, (E), ndc, psc, BN
UK-Navy-OF6.svg Naval Secretary Commodore Shamsul Alam, (G), ndu, psc, BN

Area/Operational Commands[edit]

Sleeve insignia Appointment Rank and Name
Generic-Navy-O9.svg Commander Chittagong Naval Area (COMCHIT) Rear Admiral Akhtar Habib (ND), ndc, ncc, psc, BN
UK-Navy-OF6.svg Commander Khulna Naval Area (COMKHUL) Commodore Md Shaheen Iqbal, (TAS), afwc, psc, BN
UK-Navy-OF6.svg Naval Administrative Authority Dhaka (Admin Dhaka) Commodore Mudasser Nasir N), ncc, psc, BN
UK-Navy-OF6.svg Commodore Commanding BN Flotilla (COMBAN) Commodore M Khaled Iqbal,(ND), ndc, psc, BN
UK-Navy-OF6.svg Commodore Superintendent Dockyard (CSD) Commodore Kazi Kamrul Hassan,(L), ndc, psc, BN
UK-Navy-OF6.svg Special Warfare and Diving and Salvage Command (COMSWADS) Commodore M Rajib,(G), afwc, ndc, psc, BN
UK-Navy-OF6.svg Commodore Naval Aviation(COMNAV) Commodore S Imran,(ND), ndc, psc, BN

List of Chiefs of Naval Staff[edit]


Branches[edit]

Bangladesh Navy has 6 administrative branches:

  1. Executive (X)
  2. Mechanical Engineering (E)
  3. Electrical Engineering (L)
  4. Supply & Secretariat (S&S)
  5. Education
  6. Medical

D&R[edit]

Serial & Branch Seaman Mechanical Secretariat Supply Electrical Radio Electrical Regulating Medical
01 OD (Ordinary Seaman) ME II WTR II SA II EN II REN II PM II MA II
02 AB (Able Seaman) ME I WTR I SA I EN I REN I PM I MA I
03 LS (Leading Seaman) LME LWTR LSA LEN LREN LPM LMA
04 PO (Petty Officer) ERA-IV PO(W) PO(S) EA-IV REA-IV PO(R) PO(Med)
05 CPO (Chief Petty Officer) ERA-I/II/III CPO(W) CPO(S) EA-I/II/III REA-I/II/III CPO(REG) CPO(Med)
06 SCPO (Senior Chief Petty Officer) SCPO(E), SCPO(W) SCPO(S) SCPO(L),EA-II/II SCPO(R),REA-II/II SCPO(Reg) SCPO(Med)
07 MCPO (Master Chief Petty Officer) MCPO(E) MCPO(S) MCPO(S) MCPO(L)/CEA MCPO(R)/CREA MCPO(Reg) MCPO(Med)
08 Honorary Sub Lieutenant(X) Hon S Lt(E) Hon S Lt(S) Hon S Lt(S) Hon S Lt(L) Hon S Lt(R) Hon S Lt(Reg) Hon S Lt(W/M)
09 Honorary Lieutenant(X) Hon Lt(E) Hon Lt(S) Hon Lt(S) Hon Lt(L) Hon Lt(R) Hon Lt(Reg) Hon Lt(W/M)

Equipment[edit]

BNS Bangabandhu (F-25) at sea.
A Bangladesh Navy sailor fires a Type-56 assault rifle aboard the Bangladesh navy frigate BNS Bangabandhu.
Bangladesh Navy Special Warfare Diving and Salvage (SWADS) personnel amid a joint military exercise with the US Navy in 2011.

Surface Combatants[edit]

Type Number of Ships Notes
Frigate 6 Six frigates including the Hamilton class frigate[12] delivered in 2013 and the two refurbished Chinese Type-053H2 frigates[13] delivered on 9 January 2014 in Qingdao China. The ships were commissioned as BN Ships ABU BAKR and ALI HAIDER on 1 March 14. Bangladesh Navy has requested for a second Hamilton-class frigate from the US, which is still under consideration. The old BNS Umar Farooq is still operational as a patrol and training frigate.
Corvette 4+2 Two Type-056 corvettes are under construction in China and scheduled to join navy by 2015.[13]
Offshore Patrol Vessel 11 Khulna Shipyard has delivered five indigenous Padma Class OPV in 2013
Fast Attack Craft-Missile 9 4 Boats have been upgraded with C-704 AShM.
Fast Attack Craft-ASW 8 Including 4 torpedo boats.
Fast Attack Craft-Gun 11
Training Ship 1 An Ex-RN Island-class OPV
Mine Warfare 5 Mainly used as offshore patrol vessels.
Amphibious Warfare 11 Two LCUs are under construction at KSY and two LCTs are under construction at DEW Narayanganj.
Survey Ship 2
Auxiliaries 13
Rapid Response Boat 16 USCG Defender-class boats

Bangladesh Naval Aviation[edit]

Bangladesh Naval Aviation started its journey on 14 July 2011 with the induction of two AgustaWestland AW109 helicopters. On 27 December 2011, Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina formally inaugurated Naval Aviation in Chittagong. Bangladesh Naval Aviation operates from Chittagong Air Station. Forward Operation bases are in Patuakhali, Cox's Bazar, Dhaka and Khulna.

In July 2013, the Bangladesh Navy acquired two Dornier 228 New Generation aircraft for maritime patrol.[14]

Aircraft Picture Origin Type Version Quantity Note
Helicopters 2 (3 On Order)
AgustaWestland AW109 RNZAF A109 helicopter at the 2012 Wanaka Airshow.jpg  UK
 Italy
ASW
SAR
KN 2 Delivered on 14 July 2011.
Harbin Z-9 Chinese Helicopter Lands on HMS Cornwall MOD 45150752.jpg  China ASW
SAR
C 3 On order.
Fixed Wing Aircraft (2)
Dornier 228 NG RUAG Aviation Do 228 NG D-CNEU 1.jpg  Germany MPA NG 2 Delivered on 3 June 2013.

Guided Weapons[edit]

Name Type Version Origin Notes
C-802 Anti Ship Missile C-802A  China Type 053H1 frigate BNS Osman, Type 053H2 frigates (BNS Abu Bakr & BNS Ali Haider)
C-704 Anti Ship Missile A  China Castle Class, Durjoy Class, Type 021-class missile boat
Otomat Anti Ship Missile Mk.2 Block IV  Italy BNS Bangabandhu, received in 2000-01
Silkworm Anti Ship Missile SY-1 & HY-2  China Type 024 class missile boat
FM-90 Point Defence SAM System N  China BNS Bangabandhu
A244-S Torpedo  Italy  France

Small Arms[edit]

Name Type Caliber Origin Notes
Type 92 Semi-automatic pistol 9mm China Standard issue sidearm.
Type 54 Semi-automatic pistol 7.62x25 China In special Forces and reserve use.
SIG Sauer P226/228/229 Semi-automatic pistol 9mm Germany Switzerland
Type 56 Assault rifle 7.62mm Bangladesh Upgraded version of Ak-47. Produced under license by BOF.
BD-08 Assault rifle 7.62mm Bangladesh Produced under license by BOF.
M4A1 Assault rifle 5.45mm USA SWADS.
Daewoo K2 Assault rifle 5.45mm S.Korea SWADS.
M24 sniper rifle sniper rifle 7.62mm USA SWADS.
Heckler and Koch MP5 sub-machine gun 9mm Germany
Daewoo K7 sub-machine gun 9mm S.Korea
BD-08 Light machine gun 7.62mm Bangladesh Produced under license by BOF.
DShK Heavy machine gun 12.7mm Russia

Marines and Special Forces[edit]

The Bangladesh Navy maintains a Special Operations unit known as the SWADS. On 27 dec 11, Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina commissioned SWADS base as BNS Nirvik at Danger Char opposite to BNS Isa Khan. The current strength of the unit is classified.

Future Expansion Plan[edit]

Bangladesh has made a long term modernization plan for its Armed Forces named “Forces Goal 2030”.[15] Under this goal, navy will be a three-dimensional deterrent force with operations in air, surface and under-water.[15] At the same time it has a plan to increase its surface combat capability by adding more ships as well as upgrading the current fleet.[15]

Bangladesh Navy ordered two Type 056 corvettes from China and two Incheon Class corvettes from South Korea. The navy has a plan for replacing its age old Fast Attack Craft (Missile) fleet by 2021. A US Coastguard Cutter is going to join Bangladesh Navy service by next year.

Bangladseh Navy is going to make at least six Durjoy-class corvettes at Khulna Shipyard in recent years. There is a plan to make Type 056 corvettes here in near future.

Bangladesh navy has ordered two 035 Ming class submarines from China worth $200million in 2014. A submarine base is under construction at Pekua in Cox's Bazar.[8]

Bangladesh Naval Academy[edit]

Bangladesh Naval Academy is the commissioned officer training academy of Bangladesh Navy located at the port city Chittagong.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]