Lebanese Navy

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Lebanese Navy
القوات البحرية اللبنانية
Lebanese Navy Flag.gif
Flag of the Lebanese Navy
Active 1950 - present
Country  Lebanon
Type Navy
Size 1,800 [1]
Part of Lebanese Armed Forces
Headquarters Beirut Naval Base
List of Equipment Vessels
Engagements Operation Nahr el-Bared
Commanders
Commander Nazih Jbaily[2]
Insignia
Emblem Lebanese navy logo.JPG

The Lebanese Navy (Arabic: القوات البحرية اللبنانيةAl-qūwātu al-Baḥriyya al-Lubnāniyya) is the Navy of the Lebanese Armed Forces. It was formed in 1950 and based in Beirut Naval Base, Lebanon’s first naval base. The navy, which currently lacks the proper number of equipment, has a number of approximately 50 vessels of various sizes and roles; however, the navy is trying to modernize itself, and increase its size. The flag of the Lebanese navy depicts a Phoenician ship with the Lebanese Cedar tree, positioned on an anchor above the Arabic inscription of the navy's name.

The Lebanese government approved on January 16, 2009 a request by the Lebanese Ministry of Defense to build a new naval base on the shores of Nahr el-Bared Palestinian refugee camp in northern Lebanon.[3]

Equipment and Systems[edit]

Current fleet list[edit]

Type Class Country of Origin Details Numbers
Patrol boats AMP 145[4] USA 44 - TRABLOUS - 43 meters
 ? Germany 42 - Amchit - 34 meters (ex-Bremen 2)
Avel Gwalarn Class[5] France 43 - Al-Kalamoun - 30.35 meters (ex-DF 41)
Class 905 Germany 41 - Tabarja - 28 meters (ex-Y838 Bergen)
Fassmer FFPB 20 Germany 308 - Nakoura - 20 meters (ex-Bremen 9)
Tracker class United Kingdom 307 - Sarafand
303 - Batroun
Attacker class United Kingdom 301 - Trablous
302 - Jounieh
304 - Jbeil
305 - Beirut
306 - Saida
Medium Yacht (Captured from a drug smuggler) [6]  ? 501 - Imanuella
Watercraft 45 ft United Kingdom 13.7 meters CPC 4
Fast intercept boats  ? United Arab Emirates 12 meters 6
 ? 16 meters 4
Phenix 55 FPB Lebanon [7] Sannine, 46 knots 1
Landing craft EDIC-III Class (59 meters LCU-LCT) France 21 - Sour
22 - Damour
Combat support boats MK2 United Kingdom 8.24 Meters CSB/BEB 27

The UAE promised to donate three more patrol boats the Lebanese Navy,[8] the type and equipment are still unknown. The United States provided one 43 m blue-water AMP 145 patrol craft.[9] Lebanon intend to provide protection for the future natural gas installations and enforce the law and the State authority in Lebanese Territorial Waters. Lebanon count on the $3 billon Saudi Arabia military grant to equip the Lebanese navy by French Gowind class Offshore Patrol Vessels OPVs.

http://www.royal-navy.mod.uk/upload/img_400/FX06_0941E_6027.jpg

http://i293.photobucket.com/albums/mm65/zaher1988-2/exer2.jpg

Past Vessels[edit]

Lebanese Past Naval Vessels
Type Class/Country of Origin Commissioned Decommissioned Details
Large patrol craft boats France 1959 1991 31 - Tarablous
Coastal patrol craft Byblos class / France 1955 1991 11 - Byblos
1955 1991 12 - Sidon
1955 1991 13 - Beirut

Coastal Radar Stations[edit]

Lebanese Armed Forces

Organization
Ministry of National Defense
Lebanese Air Force
Lebanese Navy
Lebanese Special Forces
Lebanese Red Cross
Personnel
LAF Commanders
Lebanese Military Personnel
Topics of Lebanon
Culture - Geography
History - Politics

The Lebanese Navy is in charge of the coastal radar stations, in 1992, three stations in all of Tripoli, Sidon, and Tyre were established, followed by upgrades and new stations in 1997. However, during War 2006 all of stations were bombed by the Israeli Navy. After the war ended, Germany and Lebanon signed a bilateral agreement to establish The Coastal Radar Organization (CRO) which aimed to create and consolidate a chain of seven coastal radar stations with the ability to cover the entire Mediterranean coast of Lebanon. Three of these stations are older and were refurbished with new equipment and facilities; the four other are new installations.[10]

Surveillance[edit]

In February, 2008, the Lebanese navy ordered six Pharos XLR3+ Long Range Multisensor Surveillance Platforms in order to equip their naval stations which lack 24/7 long-range surveillance and reconnaissance capabilities in all weather conditions.[11]

Training[edit]

The Lebanese Naval Forces send nearly all of their Navy officers for training abroad in a variety of European countries as well as the United States. Each country offers different training depending on the specializations of each officer. Officers sent to the United States have undergone schooling in surface warfare and experienced on job training with the US Coast Guard. Many Lebanese Naval Forces Engineers head to France where they receive education regarding detection, transmission, and artillery. Skills used in much of the domestic duties of the Lebanese Naval Forces from initial staff courses, amphibious training, and maritime drug enforcement are taught at British academies.[12]

Cooperation with the UNIFIL MTF[edit]

The existence of the UNIFIL Maritime Task Force is helping the Lebanese Navy to enhance the skills of its personnel through the periodical joint exercises and daily cooperation. Upon the arrival of the MTF to the region (after the 2006 Lebanon War), the Lebanese Navy began jointly working with the navy in lead, which at the time was the Italian Navy, in order to insure a successful outcome to the assigned peace operation.[4]

Figures[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "قبيل تسلّم إيطاليا مهام القيادة من ألمانيا". Lebanese Army Magazine (in Arabic). March 2008. Retrieved December 7, 2008. 
  2. ^ "Anadolu Shipyard Presents LCT & LST Designs to Lebanese Navy Chief". navaltoday.com. Retrieved 1 December 2013. 
  3. ^ "Naval Base on the Shores of Nahr al-Bared Camp". Naharnet Newsdesk. January 16, 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-17. 
  4. ^ a b http://www.msstampabay.com/LCSC42_JNI_Aug2012.pdf
  5. ^ "Cérémonie de cession de la vedette française DF41 Avel Gwalarn au Liban" (in French). Ministère de la défense - Marine Nationale. May 27, 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-28. [dead link]
  6. ^ Wertheim, Eric (2007). The Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World. 291 Wood Road, Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. p. 446. ISBN 978-1-59114-955-2. 
  7. ^ Colonel Njeim, Antoine; Doumet, Salim, Masour, Terez (October 2007). "القوات البحرية". Lebanese Army Magazine (in Arabic). Retrieved December 7, 2008. 
  8. ^ "جدول أعمال جلسة مجلس الوزراء التي ستعقد بتاريخ 8 نيسان 2009" (in Arabic). Lebanon Files. April 8, 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 
  9. ^ http://lebanon.usembassy.gov/factsheet122112.html
  10. ^ Goksel, Timur; Bastian Hauck, Hans; Makdisi, Karim; and Reigeluth, Stuart (January 2008). "Germany’s Contribution to Lebanese Sovereignty". DGAP standpunkt (DGAP standpunkt) 1 (January, 2008): 4. Retrieved November 28, 2008.  [dead link]
  11. ^ "Lebanese Navy Order Pharos Long Range Multi-Sensor Surveillance Platform". Advanced Imaging Pro. February 14, 2008. Retrieved November 28, 2008. 
  12. ^ "Lebanese Navy". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved November 28, 2008.