Bolivarian Navy of Venezuela

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Bolivarian Navy of Venezuela
Armada Bolivariana de Venezuela
ANRBV.gif
Coat of Arms of the Navy
Active 1811 – Present
Country  Venezuela
Branch National Armed Forces of Venezuela
Size 6 frigates
4 corvettes
2 submarines
4 amphibious ship
8 patrol boat
3 auxiliary ship
Part of Ministry of People's Power for Defense
Patron Virgen del Valle
Motto Navegare necesse, vivere non necesse (Latin: "Sailing is necessary, but living is not".)
Colors Navy Blue
March Marcha Epica de las Fuerzas Navales
(Grand March of the National Navy)
Engagements Venezuelan War of Independence
Battle of Lake Maracaibo
Commanders
Notable
commanders
José Prudencio Padilla
Luis Brión
Insignia
Naval Ensign
Flag of Venezuela (state).svg
Naval Jack
Naval Jack of Venezuela.svg
Naval Jack 1930–2006
Naval Jack of Venezuela 1930–2006.svg

The navy of Venezuela is officially called the Bolivarian Navy of Venezuela (Spanish: Armada Bolivariana de Venezuela).

It serves the purpose of defending the naval sovereignty of the country, including inland, fluvial security, it also serves to prevent illegal activities in the Venezuelan borders and collaborates with international organizations to safeguard international waters from criminal activities.

History[edit]

The Navy was born as a coastal defense force during the height of the Venezuelan War of Independence. In April 1811 the Nautical School was opened by order of the national government in La Guaira to train future naval officers, months before the Venezuelan Declaration of Independence, thus the Navy's origins start from this date, with its first vessels being those formerly used by the naval forces of the Captaincy General of Venezuela.

For long time their vessels, even if obsolete, were maintained properly by its sailors. In 1937 the Navy acquired from Italy two gunboats of the Azio class and rechristened them General Soublette and General Urdaneta; these ships where retained in service until 1951[1] (for other sources in 1948[2] or 1950[3][4]) and scrapped later.[5][6]

Joint exercises[edit]

In September, 2008, the Russian Navy's nuclear-powered missile cruiser Pyotr Velikiy, accompanied by three other ships of Russia's Northern Fleet, sailed from its base in Severomorsk on a cruise to the Caribbean Sea for a joint exercise with the Venezuelan Navy. This action represented the first major Russian power projection in that region since the end of the Cold War.[7][8] The fleet of ships, headed by the nuclear-powered Pyotr Velikiy, set off from its base at Severomorsk in the Arctic on Monday, September 22. Russian Navy spokesman Igor Dygalo told the AFP news agency, "It's the nuclear-powered guided missile cruiser Peter the Great, the anti-submarine warship Admiral Chebanenko and other accompanying ships". The other ships included a tug boat and supply ships.[9]

Organization of the Navy[edit]

As of 2014, Admiral Gilberto Pinto Blanco is the Commanding General of the National Navy.[10]

Naval Operations Command[edit]

Led by the Chief of Naval Operations, as of 2013 Vice Admiral Jesus Gerardo Ortega Hernández,[11] it supervises all 4 naval operating commands.[citation needed]

Fluvial Command[edit]

This command is the riverline and fluvial operations arm of the Navy mandated for riverline operations.[citation needed]

Venezuelan Naval Aviation Command[edit]

The command serves as the air arm of the Venezulean Navy.

Naval Air Stations of the Venezuelan Navy[edit]

There are eight Naval Air Statons:[citation needed]

  • NAS Puerto Cabello (NAC HQ)
  • NAS Punto Fijo
  • NAS Maiquieta
  • NAS Caracas (Generalissimo Francisco de Miranda Air Base)
  • NAS Guiria
  • NAS La Blanquilla
  • NAS La Orchila
  • NAS Puerto Ayacucho (General in Chief José Antonio Páez AFB)

Coast Guard Command[edit]

Headquartered in La Guaira, Vargas, it is responsible for the surveillance of Venezuelas jurisdictional waters.[12]

Fleet Forces and Coast Guard ship organization[edit]

The following is the roster of active duty vessels and ships of the Venezuelan Navy as of October 2001.[13]

Vessels
Class Origin Type In Service Notes
Mariscal Sucre Italy Missile frigate 3 serviceable (2 modernized in the 1990s + 1 as delivered), 3 mothballed[when?] at the DIANCA shipyard.
Capana South Korea Amphibious 4
Guaiquerí Spain Patrol (POVZEE) 4[citation needed]
Guaicamacuto Spain Patrol coast guard (BVL)
Pagalo Venezuela Cutter 1 -- Commissioned in 2008.[14][15]
Point USA Cutter 4
Punta Brava Spain Survey ship 1[citation needed]
Puerto Cabello Norway Logistic ship 1
Ciudad Bolívar South Korea Small replenishment oiler 1
Bricbarc Spain Sail training ship 1

Light frigates[edit]

Venezuelan frigates General Salóm (foreground) and Mariscal Sucre conduct maneuvers
  • Six Lupo/Mariscal Sucre-class missile frigates class[16][17]

Corvettes[edit]

PC-21 Guaiquerí

Amphibious and service ships[edit]

  • Four Capana-class LST.
  • Four Cuban made Los Frailes-class multipurpose LSTs
  • One Ciudad Bolívar-class supply ship.
    • T-81 Ciudad Bolívar, in service since 09-23-2001[21]
  • One Bricbarc type/Simón Bolívar training sailboat.[22]
    • BE-11 Simón Bolívar, in service since 08-6-1980
  • One oceanographic ship

Coast patrol[edit]

GC-21 Guaicamacuto
  • Four Spanish-made offshore patrol vessels of the BVL class (on order).
    • GC-21 Guaicamacuto, in service[23]
    • GC-22 Yavire, in service
    • GC-23 Naiguata, in service
    • GC-24 Tamanaco

Coast guard ships[edit]

Naval Aviation assets[edit]

CASA 212

Airplanes[edit]

Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service
as of 2012[26]
Notes
CASA C-212-200 Patrullero Spain Maritime Patrol aircraft C-212-200S43 Patrullero 3
CASA C-212-400 Aviocar Spain Transport aircraft C-212-400 Aviocar 4[citation needed]
Beechcraft Super King Air USA Transport/liaison aircraft B200
B90
1
1
Turbo Commander USA Transport aircraft 1

Note: The Navy has others two or three light aircraft.

Helicopters[edit]

Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service
as of 2012[26]
Notes
Bell 412
Bell 212
USA Assault/transport helicopter 10
Mil Mi-17 Russia Assault/transport helicopter Mi-17V-5 6
Bell 206 USA Training light helicopter TH-57A 2
Harbin Z-9 China Anti-submarine warfare 8 on order First delivery in 2015[27]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Navyworld
  2. ^ Museo della Cantieristica.
  3. ^ Proflot
  4. ^ Battleships.ru
  5. ^ Warships 1900-1950
  6. ^ Oceania
  7. ^ http://wcbstv.com/national/hugo.chavez.venezuela.2.822252.html
  8. ^ Reuters: Russia says to send battleship to Caribbean Sea
  9. ^ "Russian navy sails to Venezuela". BBC News. September 22, 2008. Retrieved April 26, 2010. 
  10. ^ http://www.armada.mil.ve/portal/index.php/comandante
  11. ^ http://www.armada.mil.ve/portal/index.php/operaciones
  12. ^ Jane's Fighting Ships 2005-2006, ISBN 0-7106-2692-4 p.923
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i cite web |url= http://www.hazegray.org/worldnav/americas/venez.htm/ |title=World Navies Today: Venezuela |date=2001-10-26 |accessdate=2014-03-09
  14. ^ "El presidente Chávez abandera el primer buque de guerra construido en Venezuela" [President Chavez championed the first warship built in Venezuela]. Soitu (in Spanish). 2008-09-11. 
  15. ^ "Chávez abandera el primer buque patrullero fabricado en Venezuela" [Chavez is leading the first patrol vessel manufactured in Venezuela]. El Economista (in Spanish). Agence France-Presse. 2008-09-11. 
  16. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/venezuela/navy-equipment.htm
  17. ^ http://www.fav-club.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=181%3Alupo-clase-mariscal-sucre&catid=37%3Aarmas-armada&Itemid=16
  18. ^ [1] Navantia entrega a la Armada venezolana el primer Patrullero Oceánico de Vigilancia
  19. ^ "El patrullero oceánico Warao (PC-22) de la Armada de Venezuela será reparado en Brasil". infodefense.com (in Spanish). 9 January 2013. 
  20. ^ "El patrullero oceánico Warao de la Armada de Venezuela arriba a Río de Janeiro para su eventual reparación". infodefense.com (in Spanish). 7 March 2013. 
  21. ^ http://www.shipspotting.com/modules/myalbum/photo-503011-A.R.B.V.+CIUDAD+BOLIVAR+T-81
  22. ^ a b Jane's Fighting Ships 2005-2006, ISBN 0-7106-2692-4 p.925
  23. ^ "Navantia Launches and Commissions Two OPVs to Venezuelan Navy". 
  24. ^ Mauricio Miranda (2008-02-26). "Analizan adquisición de un guardacostas en Venezuela" [Analyze acquisition of a cutter in Venezuela]. El Nuevo Diario. Retrieved 2012-02-02.  mirror
  25. ^ "Casi listo patrullero venezolano similar al ofertado a Nicaragua" [Almost ready like Venezuelan patrol offered to Nicaragua]. Nuestro Mar. 2008-03-06. Retrieved 2012-02-02.  mirror
  26. ^ a b World Air Forces 2013 - Flightglobal.com, pg 30, December 11, 2012
  27. ^ [ http://dmilt.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=7868:venezuela-navy-orders-chinese-z-9-asw-helicopters&catid=35:latin-america&Itemid=58 Venezuela; Navy orders Chinese Z-9 ASW helicopters] - Dmilt.com, 7 September 2013

External links[edit]