Nawabganj, Bareilly

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For other places with the same name, see Nawabganj (disambiguation).
Nawabganj
town
Nawabganj is located in Uttar Pradesh
Nawabganj
Nawabganj
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 28°32′24″N 79°37′59″E / 28.540°N 79.633°E / 28.540; 79.633Coordinates: 28°32′24″N 79°37′59″E / 28.540°N 79.633°E / 28.540; 79.633
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Bareilly
Elevation 393 m (1,289 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 30,601
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration UP 25

Nawabganj (IPA: [nəbəb'gəndʒ]Hindiनवाबगञ्ज, navābganj ? Urduنوابگنج, navābganj ?) (also spelled as Nawabgunj[1] and Nawabgunge[1] in British Raj) is a Nagar palika and an administrative subdivision (or tehsil or pargana) of Bareilly district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. A Sub Divisional Magistrate (SDM), also called Sub Divisional Officer (SDO), or pargana-adhikari (literally pargana-officer) is the head official.

Under the three-tier Panchayat Raj Institution (PRI) system,[2] Nawabganj is also a headquarters of kshettra panchayat(KP) (not to be confused with gram panchayat(GP), which is at the level of village or group of villages), of Bareilly Zila Panchayat(ZP).[3] There are 86 gram panchayats under Nawabganj kshettra (area) panchayat(KP).[4][5] There are 1007 gram panchayats in Bareilly district[6] and 52002 Gram Panchayats in the Uttar Pradesh state.[2]

Composition of Kshettra Panchayat[3]
  1. Pramukh-Chairperson. (Mrs. Vinu Gangwar of village Ahmedabad is the current chairperson.[7])
  2. All of the Pradhans (chairpersons) of Gram-Panchayats in the Khand.
  3. Elected members, and each member is elected on the population of two thousand.
  4. The members of the Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha representing the Constituency which falls wholly or partly in the Khand.
  5. The members of the Vidhan Parishad who was registered as elector in the Khand.
AADHAAR enrolments

As of July 2012, approximately 25,000 citizens of Nawabganj tehsil have enrolled for Aadhaar.[8]

History[edit]

In 1365, Firoz Tughlak invaded Kather, as Rohilkhand was then called.[9] In the time of Akbar (1542 -1605), Rohilkhand or Kather (also spelled as Kuther) was divided into two Sarkars or sirkars (Budaun and Sambhal),[10] containing 60 mehals[1] or parganas. Sambhal sarkar was under Delhi Subah and Budaun sarkar was under Awadh Subah. Bareilly was one of the mahals under Budaun sarkar covering an area of 27,61,227 Bighas. (An Akbari bigha was equal to 3,025 square yards). After First Rohilla War(1773–1774), Rohilkhand (or Rohilla Riyāsat[11]) fell to Awadh and later in the hands of East India Company after treaty of 1801[12] with Nawab Saadat Ali Khan II. In 1801-2, Rohilkhand was divided into two districts, Bareilly and Moradabad. Afterwards, several new districts (Pilibhit, Rampur, Shahjanpur, Rudrapur and others) were carved out of Rohilkhand and some parts were transferred to other districts (Kaimganj to district Farrukhabad and Gola to district Lakhimpur). In 1821, the Budaun District was formed and in the same year a Tehsildaree was established at Nawabganj and a new Nawabganj pargana was formed by taking villages from Crore (now Tehsil Sadar, Bareilly), Bisalpur, and Pilibhit covering an area more than 1,40,000 acres with nearly 1,00,000 acres of cultivated land. For full history, see the Bareilly Settlement Report By S.M.Moens, North-Western Provinces Government, 1874.[1]

In 1865, the population of Nawabganj town was 4,418 and population of Nawabganj pargana was 1,22,264. Population growth between 1891 and 1901 was only 2.2%[13] because of severe droughts in 1860-61 and 1869-70.[1][14]

Nawabganj Tahsil (The Imperial Gazetteer of India Vol 10, 1886, page 246[15])

Nawābganj — Central tahsil of Bareli (Bareilly) District, North Western Provinces, conterminous with the pargana of Nawabganj; consisting of a well-tilled portion of the level Rohilkhand plain, with a few shallow grooves cut therein by numerous rivers and canals, which form its most salient feature. The principal of these rivers, proceeding from east to west, are the following:— Deoha, Apsāra, Pangaili, Bahgul, Nakatia and Deoraniya, with several tributaries and irrigation distributary canals. Population (1871) 1,24,276; (1881) 1,17,002, namely, males 62,931 and females 54,071. decrease in population since 1872, 7274, or 5.8 percent in nine years. Classified according to religion, the population in 1881 consisted of — Hindus, 95,470; Muhammadans, 21,531; and 1 'other'. Of the 303 villages in 1881, 227 contained less than five hundred inhabitants; 61 from five hundred to a thousand; 12 from one to one to two thousand; and only 3 from two to three thousand.
According to the official statement in 1878, Nawabganj tahsil contains an area of 226 13 square miles, of which 177 square miles were then cultivated. Of the total cultivated area, autumn crops occupy 73.15 percent, and spring crops 26.85 percent. The principal autumn staples are rice, sugar-cane, and bajra; and the principal spring crops, wheat and barley. The area irrigated, either by artificial works, or by natural overflow of alluvial lands, is returned at 57 percent of the cultivated area. The Government land revenue in 1878 amounted to £22,803, or an average of 4s. 734d. per cultivated acre. Total Government land revenue, including local rates and cesses levied on the land, £25,242. Estimated total rental paid by the cultivators ( a large proporation of which is paid in kind), £36,720.
The landholding classes are principally Muhammadans, Kayasths, Kurmis, and Brahmans. About 47 percent of the cultivated area is cultivated by Kurmis, 8.6 percent by Brahmans, and 6.6 percent by Chamars. Tenants with rights of occupancy[16] are more than three times as numerous as any other class of cultivators. Sugar-boiling is the only important manufacture. The chief local marts for surplus produce are Nawabganj, Senthal, Baraur, and Hafizganj. The first and last being situated on the only road in the tahsil, the metalled line from Bareli to Pilibhit, and also on or near the newly opened Pilibhit branch of the Oudh and Rohilkhand Railway. In 1883, Nawabganj tahsil contained 1 criminal court, with 2 police circles (thanas), regular police force numbering 29 men, and a village watch or rular police of 229 chaukidars.

Nawabganj Town (The Imperial Gazetteer of India Vol 10, 1886, page 246-247[15])

Nawābganj — Town in Bareli (Bareilly) District, North-Western Provinces, and headquarters of Nawabganj tahsil; situated on the metalled road between Bareli and Pilibhit, 19 miles north-east of the former town. Nawabganj was founded between 1775 and 1797 by Asaf-ud-Daula, Nawab of Oudh. Population (1881) 4,343. Besides the usual tahsil courts and offices, Nawabganj contains a first-class police station, imperial post-office, and Anglo-vernacular school.

The town of Hafizganj already existed when Nawabganj was founded. Hafiz Rahmat Khan founded Hafizganj in order to offer merchants a resting place on the road from Bareilly to Pilibhit. New ganjes or quasbas were established to lure foreign trade and credit towards the Rohilla territories.[17]
Nawabganj Tahsil (The Imperial Gazetteer of India Vol 18, 1908, page 427 [18])

Nawābganj Tehsil — East Central tahsil of Bareilly District, United Provinces, conterminous with the pargana of the same name, lying between 28° 21′ and 28° 39′ N. and 79° 28′ and 79° 47′ E., with an area of 221 square miles. Population increased from 1,24,349 in 1891 to 1,27,160 in 1901. There are 308 villages and three towns, none of which has a population of 5000. The demand for land revenue in 1903-4 was Rs. 2,51,000 and for cesses Rs. 42,000. The density of population, 575 persons per square miles, is below the District average. The tahsil is a gently sloping plain, intersected by several small rivers from which canals are drawn. It is not so damp as the Baheri tahsil to the north, but the increase in population between 1891 and 1901 was less than in the south of District. Rice and sugar-cane are largely grown. In 1903-4, 178 square miles were cultivated, of which 55 were irrigated. Canals supply half the irrigated area, and wells most of the remainder.[19]

The Imperial Gazetteer of India Vol 7 1908,[13] gives statistics of area and population of Nawabganj Tehsil as follows:

Area and Population of Nawabganj Tehsil in year 1901[13]
Area in square miles Number of towns Number of Villages Population Population per square miles Percentage of variation in population between 1891 and 1901 Number of persons able to read and write
221 3 308 1,27,160 575 +2.2 1404
Agriculture statistics of Nawabganj Tehsil in year 1901 (in square miles)[13]
Total Cultivated Irrigated Cultivated waste
221 178 55 12
Nawabganj Experimental Sugar Factory

The area was known for ingenious production of gur and sugar. Earliest known reference of this in British India is found in The Louisiana Planter and Sugar Manufacturers journal dated January 18, 1919.[20] The report titled "The Improvement of the Indigenous Methods of Gur and Sugar making in the United Provinces" was published in 1916 in Imperial Agricultural Research Institute Bulletin 82, 1916 [21] by William Edward Hulme, Sugar Engineer Expert to Government of India and R. P. Sanghi, Sugar Chemist, Nawabganj Experimental Factory. Reference to the paper (IOR/V/27/515/31 1916) can be found in British Library.[22]

Nawabganj Experimental Factory was erected in 1914-15. The site chosen was a government farm.[20]

As a sugar engineer, William Hulme was assigned to study the indigenous methods of sugar manufacture with a view to determining the best methods of extracting and concentrating the juice for the manufacture of gur and white sugar respectively, both on the scale within the means of individuals or small groups of cultivators, and on a scale suited to the resources of capitalists now engaged in the industry in India.[23][24]

Nawabganj Experimental Sugar Factory (1914-15)
Nawabganj Experimental Sugar Factory (1914-15)
Rivers

Pungheli The Pungeilee rises in a jheel near Mouzah Bhugnera in Pergunnah Jehanabad, traverses Jehanabad and Nawabgunj, and joins the Apsurha at Moondeea. It is fed by springs in its bed which is of clay and sand. The stara pierced through in sinking wells of the bridge on the pillibheet road were alternately clay and sand down to 20 feet below the surface, when boulders were first met with.[1]

Kandu The Kandoo is a small stream which rises near Aspore in Pergunnah Nawabgunj, and falls into the east Bygool and Bhursur in Crore. It is crossed by the Pillibheet road by an old masonry bridge near Sithra in Nawabgunj. The banks are steep, and there is very little irrigation from it.[1]

Begul River Canals The Bygool Canals take their origin from the Roodpore and Bhanpore eathen dams, and the Chooreyli and Giram masonry dams. After leaving the Terai, they run through Jehanabad, Ritcha, and Nawabgunj Pergunnahs. They consist of a group of small water-courses known as the Burha feeder, and the Sisona, Bhanpore, Nukutpore, Suseynia, Chooreylee, Girem, and Ougunpore Rujbuhas. None of them are more that about 10′ in width, and their velocity is 3′ per second. They can irrigate about 30,000 acres per year.[1]

Notable Events[edit]

In June 2012, Ravindra Singh Rathore, who was the BJP candidate for the post of Nawabganj Nagar Palika Parishad chairman (and incumbent for last 10 years), was arrested along with his two supporters.[25][26] His arrest was strongly protested by his supporters and party workers, who alleged administrative mismanagement in many areas of the election process.[27]

In Uttar Pradesh legislative assembly election, 2012, all major political parties fielded Gangwar candidates for the election of MLA of Nawabganj Assembly Constituency (ECI assembly constituency number 121).[28][29] Bhagwat Saran Gangwar of Samajwadi Party won the election by margin of 17,719 votes.[30] He got 67,022 (35.58%) votes.[31] Voting turnout in Nawabganj Assembly Constituency was the highest in the Bareilly district. Out of total 2,54,610 voters, 1,87,913 (72.92%) votes were cast (men 1,04,268 and women 83,645).[32]

In November 2011, Bharatiya Janata Party workers hurled shoes on MP Varun Gandhi [33][34] when he refused to attend a scheduled party program.

In Novembar 2011, Zari embroidery work was featured in an ANI news.[35]

In February 2011, son of Vidhan Parishad member Kesar Gangwar shot a Dalit Kalicharan Jatav.[36][37]

External links[edit]

  1. Right of Information Act
  2. Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister
  3. Government of Uttar Pradesh
  4. Election Commission of India
  5. Chief Election Officer, Uttar Pradesh
  6. बरेली जिले का आधिकारिक वेब स्‍थल
  7. बरेली सूचना अधिकार
  8. Judicial Officers in Bareilly
  9. Election Analysis - Nawabganj Assembly Constituency
  10. Uttar Pradesh Assembly Election 2012
  11. Member of Parliament, Bareilly Constituency - Shri Praveen Singh Aron
  12. उत्तर प्रदेश विधान सभा
  13. Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission
  14. Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission - Candidates

Tourism[edit]

Nearby points of interest include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Report on the Settlement of the Bareilly District By S M Moens,North-Western Provinces Government, 1874
  2. ^ a b AN OVERVIEW OF THE PANCHAYATI RAJ INSTITUTIONS IN UTTAR PRADESH
  3. ^ a b THE UTTAR PRADESH KSHETTRA PANCHAYATS AND ZILA PANCHAYATS ADHINIYAM, 1961
  4. ^ " Uttar Pradesh Panchayati Raj Portal
  5. ^ Uttar Pradesh Panchayat Raj Department
  6. ^ Bareilly Village Panchayat Names
  7. ^ Panchayat General Election - 2010: Pramukh - Kshetra Panchayat
  8. ^ AADHAAR enrolment progress in Bareilly
  9. ^ The imperial gazetteer of India, Volume 6, 1881
  10. ^ Mughal Empire, c.1605, Territorial Organization and Revenue Assessment
  11. ^ The Rise of the Indo-Afghan Empire, C.1710-1780
  12. ^ http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Bareilly
  13. ^ a b c d http://archive.org/details/imperialgazettee07greauoft
  14. ^ A narrative of the drought and famine which prevailed in the North-West Provinces during the years 1868,1869 and the beginning of 1870.
  15. ^ a b The imperial gazetteer of India, Volume 10 Page 246
  16. ^ The land-systems of British India, Volume 2, 1892
  17. ^ The Rise of the Indo-Afghan Empire: C. 1710-1780 Page 156
  18. ^ http://archive.org/details/imperialgazettee18greauoft
  19. ^ http://dsal.uchicago.edu/reference/gazetteer/pager.html?objectid=DS405.1.I34_V18_433.gif
  20. ^ a b Planter and Sugar Manufacturer (New Orleans, La), Volume 62, 18 January 1919
  21. ^ http://www.archive.org/stream/n01memoirsbotani11impeuoft/n01memoirsbotani11impeuoft_djvu.txt
  22. ^ Hulme, William and Singh, Ram Richi Pal, Note on the improvement of the indigenous methods of gur and sugar making in the United Provinces and a report on the Government Experimental Sugar Factory, Nawabganj, Bareilly District. Allahabad, 1916 IOR/V/27/515/31 1916
  23. ^ Report on the Progress of Agriculture in India for 1911-12 (Superintendent Government Printing , Calcutta, India 1913) Page 33
  24. ^ Report on the Progress of Agriculture in India for 1911-12 (Superintendent Government Printing , Calcutta, India 1913) Page 3
  25. ^ http://business-standard.com/generalnews/news/bjp-candidate-incivic-polls-held-for-vandalism/26035/
  26. ^ http://www.ptinews.com/news/2746020_BJP-candidate-in-UP-civic-polls-held-for-vandalism
  27. ^ http://www.amarujala.com/city/Bareilly/Bareilly-45364-120.html
  28. ^ Gangwars duke it out in Nawabganj
  29. ^ From Bareilly to Pilibhit, BJP finds Gangwars vs its Gangwars
  30. ^ http://eciresults.nic.in/Statewises2428.htm
  31. ^ http://www.empoweringindia.org/new/constituency.aspx?eid=754&cid=121
  32. ^ http://www.jagran.com/uttar-pradesh/bareilly-city-8978144.html
  33. ^ http://www.rediff.com/news/report/shoes-hurled-at-varun-gandhi-cavalcade/20111112.htm
  34. ^ http://daily.bhaskar.com/article/UP-varun-gandhi-is-the-latest-target-of-shoe-attack-2558709.html
  35. ^ Zari embroidery in Harharpur Matkali
  36. ^ U.P. farmer shot at by BSP Leader
  37. ^ Atul Gangwar shot a dalit