Nawabshah is roughly the geographical center of Sindh province of Pakistan. By road it is 4 hours' drive from the country's commercial capital/largest city Karachi on the National Highway N-5, roughly 50 kilometres from left bank of River Indus. The central geographical location of the city makes it a major train and road transportation hub in the province. Established By British Government in 1913.
The city of Nawabshah is set in a lush agricultural region. The city is famous for its sugarcane, mango and banana production. Nawabshah and its surrounding produce significant proportion of total banana production of Pakistan. The climate is usually very hot and dry, with summer temperatures soaring as high as 53 degrees Celsius. Temperatures above 45 C are fairly common during late May and early June of the year. The city is considered one of the hottest city in Pakistan. Winters start late, around mid-November, lasting to around mid-February, with night-time temperatures often reaching 4 degrees Celsius, with temperatures below 0 occurring two or three times on average in January. Best time to visit the city is September to November and then from February to early April.
The highest temperatures each year in Pakistan, typically rising to above 50 °C (122 °F), are usually recorded in Nawabshah District and Sibbi from May to August. The climate is generally dry and hot, but sometimes the temperature falls to 0 °C (32 °F). On January 7, 2011 temperatures dropped to −4 °C (25 °F) in the city.
The mausoleum of Thul Mir Rukun is an archaeological and historical tomb situated 15 kilometers away from the town of Daulatpur. A road from the town of Kazi Ahmed via Pabjo village leads to Thul Rukan, where one is able to reach this thousand year old archaeological construction. The height of this tomb is 60 feet from ground level. Henry Cousin, a British Archaeologist, wrote in his book "Sindhi's Archeology" (Sindhi Translation "Sindh Ja Qadeem Aasaar" by Ata Muhammad Bhambro) that the bricks used in the construction of this tomb were made and prepared in the Buddhist Rulers' period. The line painting for the birth of Gaotam Budh was clearly shown on the bricks, now preserved by the Sindh Archeological Department. He wrote that the ornaments, small effigies and statues were also found when the ground was dug around the tomb.
Chaheen Jo Daro is another archaeological site. It is near the village of Jamalkeerio 2 kilometers from Rohri canal and 10 kilometers south side from Nawab shah city.
Nawabshah Airport is centered on the old (RAF) Royal Air Force WWII base which is currently being used for commercial flights by Pakistan International Airlines (PIA), Air Blue, Shaheen Air and other local airline services. It is also an alternative to Karachi International Airport. Nowadays you can also book local flights from Nawabshah to Jacobabad, Islamabad, Lahore, and Karachi.
Schools, colleges, institutes, NGOs and universities
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There are various educational institutions in the city, these include:
Hira Public High School,Mohni Bazar,Nawabshah.
Mariam Convent High School, Mariam road, Nawabshah.
Faraz Kazim Hyder Model High School Housing Society Nawabshah
The H.M KHOJA Annual Flower Show was introduced by H.M Khoja in 1954 at Khoja Garden. The event is celebrated for 3 to 4 days. It was first organized under the chairmanship of Madam Faryal Talpur in the first tenure of district Nazim Nawabshah and was organized By Khalid Hussain Channa Distt: Naib Nazim e Ala'a, and D.C.O. Nawabshah Abdul Razaque Qureshi. It was first organised under the social, educational, writer, worker Mr Muhammad Saleh Billoo restart Annual Flower Show from Feboury 1988.