Nawabshah

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Nawabshah
(نوابشاهه)
City
Nawab Shah
Nawabshah is located in Sindh
Nawabshah
Nawabshah
Coordinates: 26°09′N 68°15′E / 26.15°N 68.25°E / 26.15; 68.25
Country Pakistan
Province Sindh
District Shaheed Benazirabad
Government
 • Deputy commissioner Abdul Rashid Zardari – Presently
Area
 • Total 4,239 km2 (1,637 sq mi)
 • Density 240/km2 (600/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Number of Talukas 4
Number of Union councils 51

Nawabshah (Sindhi:نوابشاهه ), is a city in Shaheed Benazir Abad District of Sindh province, Pakistan. It is the headquarters of Shaheed Benazir Abad District has a population of 1,135,131.[1][2]

Location[edit]

Nawabshah is roughly the geographical center of Sindh province of Pakistan. By road it is 4 hours' drive from the country's commercial capital/largest city Karachi on the National Highway N-5, roughly 50 kilometres from left bank of River Indus. The central geographical location of the city makes it a major train and road transportation hub in the province. Established By British Government in 1913.

Area and population[edit]

Area 4,239 Square KM
Population 1,135,131
Male 599,275
Female 535,856
Population (below 15 Years) 45%
Population (between 15–65 Years) 52.2%
Muslim population 94.1%
Hindu population 4.2%

[1][3]

Geography[edit]

The city of Nawabshah is set in a lush agricultural region. The city is famous for its sugarcane, mango and banana production. Nawabshah and its surrounding produce significant proportion of total banana production of Pakistan. The climate is usually very hot and dry, with summer temperatures soaring as high as 53 degrees Celsius. Temperatures above 45 C are fairly common during late May and early June of the year. The city is considered one of the hottest city in Pakistan. Winters start late, around mid-November, lasting to around mid-February, with night-time temperatures often reaching 4 degrees Celsius, with temperatures below 0 occurring two or three times on average in January. Best time to visit the city is September to November and then from February to early April.

Climate[edit]

Main article: Climate of Nawabshah
Nawabshah
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2
 
24
6
 
 
2
 
27
9
 
 
3
 
33
14
 
 
3
 
39
20
 
 
1
 
44
25
 
 
8
 
43
28
 
 
52
 
40
28
 
 
45
 
39
26
 
 
10
 
38
24
 
 
3
 
37
18
 
 
2
 
32
12
 
 
3
 
26
7
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Hong Kong Observatory[4]

The highest temperatures each year in Pakistan, typically rising to above 50 °C (122 °F), are usually recorded in Nawabshah District and Sibbi from May to August. The climate is generally dry and hot, but sometimes the temperature falls to 0 °C (32 °F). On January 7, 2011 temperatures dropped to −4 °C (25 °F) in the city.[5]

Archeology[edit]

The mausoleum of Thul Mir Rukun is an archaeological and historical tomb situated 15 kilometers away from the town of Daulatpur. A road from the town of Kazi Ahmed via Pabjo village leads to Thul Rukan, where one is able to reach this thousand year old archaeological construction. The height of this tomb is 60 feet from ground level. Henry Cousin, a British Archaeologist, wrote in his book "Sindhi's Archeology" (Sindhi Translation "Sindh Ja Qadeem Aasaar" by Ata Muhammad Bhambro) that the bricks used in the construction of this tomb were made and prepared in the Buddhist Rulers' period. The line painting for the birth of Gaotam Budh was clearly shown on the bricks, now preserved by the Sindh Archeological Department. He wrote that the ornaments, small effigies and statues were also found when the ground was dug around the tomb.

Chaheen Jo Daro is another archaeological site. It is near the village of Jamalkeerio 2 kilometers from Rohri canal and 10 kilometers south side from Nawab shah city.

Transportation[edit]

By railroad[edit]

Nawabshah is a railway junction for:

  1. Main Railway line, Lahore to Karachi.
  2. Metre Gauge Line, Nawabshah to Jam Saheb & Mirpurkhas.
  3. Feeder Lines, Padidan, Mahrabpur via Tharushah to Sakrand Nawabshah and Sakrand to Tando Adam via Hala (entire line abandoned/disused).

By highways[edit]

  1. N-5 National Highway passing through Sakrand and Daulatpur Talukas.
  2. Nawabshah Sakrand Road.
  3. Nawabshah Kazi Ahmed Road.
  4. Nawabshah—Sanghar Road.
  5. Nawabshah Kumb via Bandhi and Daur.
  6. Nawabshah 60th Mile and Military Chaks.
  7. Nawabshah Jam Sahib.
  8. Desert area road, Jam Sahib – Preetamabad District Sanghar.
  9. Moro Bandhi Road.
  10. Other link roads connecting Taluka / District Headquarters and others town.
  11. Nawab Shah Khadar road via Mian Shora

By air traffic[edit]

Nawabshah Airport is centered on the old (RAF) Royal Air Force WWII base which is currently being used for commercial flights by Pakistan International Airlines (PIA), Air Blue, Shaheen Air and other local airline services. It is also an alternative to Karachi International Airport. Nowadays you can also book local flights from Nawabshah to Jecobabad, Islamabad, Lahore, and Karachi.

Schools, colleges, institutes, NGOs and universities[edit]

There are various educational institutions in the city, these include:

  • Hira Public High School,Mohni Bazar,Nawabshah.
  • Mariam Convent High School, Mariam road, Nawabshah.
  • Faraz Model High School Housing Society Nawabshah
  • Gulshan Public High School Nawabshah
  • Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science and Technology
  • Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Sakrand
  • Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University, Shaheed Benazirabad
  • Peoples University of Medical and Health Sciences
  • The City School, Senior Branch, Society Nawabshah
  • AIR Foundation School System Nawabshah
  • Govt. Habib College of Technology, Nawabshah
  • Karam Ali Jamali Welfare Trust(KAJWT), Nawabshah
  • Govt. Degree (Boys) College, Nawabshah
  • Govt. Degree (Girls) College, Nawabshah
  • Govt. Islamia Girls higher secondary school Nawabshah
  • Govt. Sachal Sarmast College, Nawabshah
  • Govt. Shaheen Vocational Institute Nawabshah
  • SZABIST College, Nawabshah
  • Rangers Public School & College, Nawabshah
  • Imperial Science College Sakrand Road Nawabshah
  • Markaz Al-Huda High School Qazi ahmed road Nawabshah
  • Chiragh Progressive Academy Nawabshah
  • Marvi Primary School Mariam Road, Nawabshah
  • Deaf Reach School and Training Centre, Nawabshah
  • Noor Eastern Collegiate, Nawabshah
  • Al-Mazhar Public school Nawabshah
  • Daar-us-suffa school snager road nawabshah.
  • Al-khidmat Foundation Nawabshah
  • Govt. Naya Madarsa High School, Nawabshah
  • British English Language Center, Nawabshah
  • The Education Service Welfare Association, Nawabshah
  • Faraz Model High School Nawabshah
  • Govt.High School Hassan Jamali
  • United Youth Network(UYN), Nawabshah
  • Nawabshah Homoeopathic Medical College & Hospital, Nawabshah
  • Govt. Boys High School Bandhi
  • TES Public School,Daur
  • Provincial Institute of Teachers Education
  • [Bilawal Institute of Historical and Research]
  • Govt. Boys High School Asghar Abad, U.C Jamal Shah, Talka Dour
  • Govt. Middle School Haji Wali Muhammad Rind, Village, Muhammad Ayoub Khan Rind, Nawab Shah
  • Govt. Primary School Haji Bhai Khan Rind (The Oldest school), U.C Jamal Shah, Nawab Shah
  • Govt.Primary School Allah Warayo Kalo u.c 2 Nawabshah
  • Govt.Primary School (boys)Pir Sana Ullah u.c khadar Nawabshah
  • Govt. Girls Elementary School Zawar Ghulam Hussain Azeem Colony Nawabshah
  • Shah Wali Ullah High School Essarpura Nawabshah
  • Hira Foundation Middle School Pak Colony Nawabshah
  • Al.Haadi Public School Latifabad No2 Dahmara road Nawabshah(Principal NAila Parveen Arain)
  • Excellence College of Information Technology (ECIT)
  • the ways foundation public schoo society nawabshah.(F.P.S)

Events[edit]

The H.M KHOJA Annual Flower Show was introduced by H.M Khoja in 1954 at Khoja Garden. The event is celebrated for 3 to 4 days. It was first organized under the chairmanship of Madam Faryal Talpur in the first tenure of district Nazim Nawabshah and was organized By Khalid Hussain Channa Distt: Naib Nazim e Ala'a, and D.C.O. Nawabshah Abdul Razaque Qureshi. It was first organised under the social, educational, writer, worker Mr Muhammad Saleh Billoo restart Annual Flower Show from Feboury 1988.

Political personalities[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 26°15′N 68°25′E / 26.250°N 68.417°E / 26.250; 68.417