Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar district

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Nawanshahr district
ਨਵਾਂਸ਼ਹਿਰ ਜ਼ਿਲ੍ਹਾ
Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar
ਸ਼ਹੀਦ ਭਗਤ ਸਿੰਘ ਨਗਰ
district
Located in the eastern part of the state
Location in Punjab, India
Coordinates: 31°7′31″N 76°6′59″E / 31.12528°N 76.11639°E / 31.12528; 76.11639Coordinates: 31°7′31″N 76°6′59″E / 31.12528°N 76.11639°E / 31.12528; 76.11639
Country  India
State Punjab
Named for

meaning ‘New City’ because people shifted from the old town of Rahon avoiding the ravages of

Sutlej River.
Headquarters Nawanshahr
Government
 • Deputy Commissioner Anindita Mitra IAS
 • Additional Deputy Commissioner Amarjeet Paul
Area
 • Total 1,266 km2 (489 sq mi)
Population (2011)‡[›]
 • Total 125,833
 • Density 99/km2 (260/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Telephone code 01823 for Nawanshahr and Banga
01885 for Balachaur
Literacy 80.3%
Website nawanshahr.nic.in

Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar district (formerly Nawanshahr district) is one of the districts in the state of Punjab in North-West Republic of India. It consists of three Sub -Divisions Nawanshahr, Banga and Balachaur. There are three legislative seats in the district, Nawanshahr, Balachaur and Banga. They fall under the Anandpur Sahib Lok Sabha Constituency. Now " Banga" is also third sub division of the district.

As of 2011 it is the third least populous district of Punjab (out of 22), after Barnala and Fatehgarh Sahib.[1]

History[edit]

Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar district was carved out of Hoshiarpur and Jalandhar districts of Punjab on November 7, 1995, as the sixteenth district of Punjab State named from the headquarters town of Nawanshahr. Nawanshahr town is said to have been built by an Afghan Military Chief, Nausher Khan. Previously it was called "Nausar" but with the passage of time, the town came to be known "The Nawanshahr". Nawanshahr has been the stronghold of the Muslim Ghorewaha Rajputs allied to King Akbar via kinship ties,[2] and numerous clans of Jats.

The Scheduled Caste population is more than 40%, one of the highest percentage in India.

Nawanshahr became the District in 1995 during S.Harcharan Brar Govt., with the strong efforts of Late S.Dilbag Singh, Former Cabinet Minister and the then MLA of Nawanshahr. People of this district are economically sound. Large numbers of families from the district have settled abroad. Consequently huge remittance is being received back in India which contributes to the district's economic development and prosperity. The prosperity of Doaba area can be appreciated by the fact that price of land here is sky-scraping and almost far more than most of the districts in the state except Ludhiana, and Chandigarh. Nawanshahr is rising due to the currency coming from NRI Punjabi people who have settled abroad. Nawanshahr also has a rail track connecting it with Jalandhar, Rahon and Jaijon.

This region has abundant health facilities. Here Private clinics and Nursing homes not only surprise with their numbers but also some of them claim to have latest medical equipments. There are adequate number of Government Hospitals, Dispensaries and Primary Health Centers in this area. The hospitals in Nawanshahr have capacity of 64 beds and are equipped with latest medical tools. Banga and Balachaur hospitals are having capacity of 30 beds each. Also Mukandpur, Urapar, Sujjon, Saroya and Muzzaffarpur are provided all kinds of health services. Even for every village of the district health services are available. Veterinary hospitals are available in Nawanshahr, Rahon, Saroya and Balachaur.

On September 27, 2008 at Khatkar Kalan, eight km from Nawanshahr, the Punjab government announced that a district in the state would be named after freedom fighter Bhagat Singh. The announcement was made by Punjab Chief Minister Parkash Singh Badal at the ancestral village of the Shahid Bhagat Singh to mark his 101st birth anniversary and Nawanshahr district was renamed Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar.

Political and religious background[edit]

Gurdwara Charan Kanwal where Sixth Guru, Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji resided for a month is situated in Banga City(village Jindowal) on Nawanshahr-Phagwara Highway. Mazara Nau Abad Village near Banga is one of the Popular villages in Doaba Region as it is the Holy Place where Shri Nabh Kanwal Raja Sahib chanted the name of God. Other Religious Places to visit in District S.B.S. Nagar are Gurdwara Nanaksar (Hakimpur), Gurdwara Sri Hargobind Sahib Ji (Laroya), Roza Sharif Mandhali, Peer Gulami Shah (Banga).Shahid Babbar Karam Singh, one of the Frontline Leaders of Akali Babber Movement was from Daulatpur on Nawanshahr-Chandigarh Highway. Late Master Sudhagar Singh Dhindsa, one of Sikh missionary from Banga, baptized (Amrit Chakhna) more than fifty thousand people and cherished his role as volunteer social reformer throughout his life. He laid down stone of Gurudwara Charan Kanwal Langar Hall in 1999. He was one of founder and member of KALGIDHAR SEWAK JATHA, Doaba, Banga, which is active Sikh missionary organisation, publicly funded and group of volunteer members. KALGIDHAR SEWAK JATHA organize lots of local and nation-wide religious procession, cultural and social reform projects and also respond to any nationwide natural crisis like earthquake, flood,landslide and any other natural disaster. The famous guruduara i.e. GURUDUARA TAHALI SAHIB is situated on hoshiarpur road . this guruduara is made during the stay of BABA SHIRI CHAND JI he was the son of GURU NANAK DEV JI who was the first guru of Sikhs . There is also a famous guruduara i.e. is GURUDUARA MANJI SAHIB (SHIRI GURU TEG BAHADUR) is situated on the jalandhar highway. Late Kuljit Singh Dhindsa Advocate was well known social reformer and founder for Karamchari dal council (India), belonged to Nawanshahr district.The first to start a Non Motorised Transport society to work for the organisation of green cabs. cabs[3][4]

Geography[edit]

Nawanshahr district is located at 31°48′N 76°42′E / 31.8°N 76.7°E / 31.8; 76.7.[5]

Area and population[edit]

  • Total area (km².) 1,258[6]
  • Total population (2001 Census) 587,468[6]
  • Male 306,902[6]
  • Female 280,566[6]
  • Female per 1000 male: 913[6]
  • Density of population (per km².) 439[6]
  • Percentage increase in population (1991–2001) 10.43.[6]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar district has a population of 614,362,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Solomon Islands[7] or the US state of Vermont.[8] This gives it a ranking of 522nd in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 479 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,240 /sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 4.58%.[1] Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar has a sex ratio of 954 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 80.3%.[1]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

http://www.namdar.net/Ghorewaha.htm

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  2. ^ Gazetteer of the Hoshiarpur District (1883-4) (p. 56), when Mughal Emperor, Akbar, took in marriage the daughter of Mahr Mitha, a Jat of the Manjha, 35 principal families of Jats and 36 of the Rajputs contenanced the marriage and sent representatives to Delhi. Thereafter, the 36 Rajput families became known as "Akbari Rajputs" and the 35 Jat families became known as the "Akbari Jats". The Garhshankar Ghorewahas were one of these 36 Rajput families.
  3. ^ http://newspaper.ajitjalandhar.com/index.php?edid=11&pgid=3&dtid=20120706
  4. ^ ^ http://www.rozanaspokesman.com/epaper/fullpage.aspx?edition=district&yview=2012&mview=Jul&dview=06&pview=35
  5. ^ "Nawanshahr District Location". nawanshahr.nic.in. Retrieved 2007-04-15. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g "Nawanshahr District Census 2001". nawanshahr.nic.in. Retrieved 2007-02-13. 
  7. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Solomon Islands 571,890 July 2011 est." 
  8. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Vermont 625,741" 

SAKOHPUR

External links[edit]