Nawwaf bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
|Nawwaf bin Abdulaziz|
|Director General of intelligence Agency|
|In office||1 September 2001 – 26 January 2005|
|Predecessor||Turki bin Faisal|
|Successor||Muqrin bin Abdulaziz|
|House||House of Saud|
|Born||16 August 1932|
He is the full brother of Prince Talal. Their mother was an Armenian, Munaiyir whose family escaped from Armenian massacres experienced in the eastern Anatolia under the reign of the Ottoman Empire in 1915. Munaiyir was presented to Abdulaziz when she was 12 years old in the place of emir of Unayzah in 1921. Their first children was born in 1924, a baby boy, Talal. Following the tradition, Munaiyir became to be known as Umm Talal, "mother of Talal". However, in 1927, the three-year-old Talal died. Later, she gave four children to King Abdulaziz, one them is Prince Nawwaf. It is not exactly known when Abdulaziz divorced his fourth wife and formally wed Munaiyir. It is reported by her family that she remained illiterate all her life. Munaiyir was regarded by British diplomats in Saudi Arabia as one of King Abdulaziz’s favourite wives. She was as known for her intelligence as for her beauty. Munaiyir died in December 1991.
Nawwaf bin Abdulaziz received his primary Arabic and Islamic education in Saudi Arabia. He also obtained his university education in Islamic civilization in the Kingdom and completed his higher studies in the United States.
Nawwaf bin Abdulaziz served briefly as chief of the royal court in 1961. He was also appointed finance minister by King Saud and served in the post for two years. He succeeded Prince Talal in the post. Later Prince Nawwaf worked as King Faisal's special adviser for Persian Gulf affairs from 1968 to 1975. In 1968, following the evacuation of the British forces from the Persian Gulf region, King Faisal named him as one of his special advisors. In view of his experience in various spheres, King Faisal send him to participate in official delegations of the Kingdom at various meetings, including Arab and Islamic summits and meetings of the non-aligned countries. He also led the Kingdom's delegations on behalf of King Faisal or work as his special envoy. Prince Nawwaf is thoroughly familiar with international policy and law, and is also an expert on the Middle East affairs. He did his best to unify the ranks of the Arab emirates and to integrate these emirates into one state following their partitions into seven tiny states during the colonial rule. In view of his rich experience in economic and political spheres, Prince Nawwaf was delegated to serve as the Saudi Government's official spokesman and its special envoy on several occasions. He visited the four corners of the world and positively contributed to the settlement of numerous disputes in Africa and the Middle East as well as in other parts of the world. He also accompanied Crown Prince Abdullah during his official foreign trips. However, Prince Nawwaf did not hold any official position until 2001.
Prince Nawwaf was appointed director general of Saudi intelligence agency Al Mukhabarat Al A'amah following Prince Turki's resignation on 1 September 2001. His appointment did not result in significant power change in the royal family, since late King Fahd's son, Saud bin Fahd, continued to serve as deputy director which he had been serving since 1985. Prince Nawwaf's tenure lasted until 26 January 2005 when he resigned due to health concerns. Immediately after the acceptance of his resignation, then King Fahd appointed him as his special advisor. Prince Muqrin replaced Prince Nawwaf as the director general of Saudi intelligence agency in October 2005, nine months after his resignation.
Prince Nawwaf was one of the supporters of the Free Princes Movement led by his brother Prince Talal in the early 1960s. He also contributed to the establishment of some industrial projects inside and outside the Kingdom to serve the Arab economy. His contribution to the strengthening of the Kingdom's relations with other world states is widely respected. He is one of the founders and a major shareholder of the Saudi-New Zealand Bank. He also owns some investment projects in the fields of real estate and tourism. He is one of the pioneers of the solar energy industry. Realizing the importance of solar energy, he extended his support to Sydney University in Australia to enable it to conduct research and studies in this field.
A Saudi survey conducted shortly after the 11 September attacks concluded that 95 percent of educated Saudi men aged between 25 and 41 supported ‘bin Laden’s cause. Nawwaf bin Abdulaziz argued that this support is motivated by Saudi anger over U.S. support for Israel. After the US sanctions against Iran in 2000, Prince Nawwaf said "Iran is being treated unfairly by some countries and this is not in the interests of the Arabia Gulf or even the US."
In March 2002, Prince Nawwaf was admitted to the American University hospital in Beirut after suddenly suffering a stroke. He was in Beirut for the Arab League summit meeting. He is reported to have suffered a brain haemorrhage. Then he underwent a surgery in 2002. He is confined to a wheelchair following his health problems.
Prince Nawwaf is married to Jawaher Al Alsheikh, together they have three children: Abdulaziz (born 1979), Faisal (born 1984) and Sarah (born 1989). In 2008, his daughter Princess Sarah was a student at Franklin College in Lugano, Switzerland, pursuing a degree in international communications.
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Turki bin Faisal
|Al Mukhabarat Al A'amah
Muqrin bin Abdulaziz