Naxos (city)

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Naxos
Νάξος
View of the port
View of the port
Location
Naxos is located in Greece
Naxos
Naxos
Coordinates 37°6′N 25°22′E / 37.100°N 25.367°E / 37.100; 25.367Coordinates: 37°6′N 25°22′E / 37.100°N 25.367°E / 37.100; 25.367
Government
Country: Greece
Administrative region: South Aegean
Regional unit: Naxos
Municipality: Naxos and Lesser Cyclades
Population statistics (as of 2001)[1]
City
 - Population: 12,089
 - Area: 126.957 km2 (49 sq mi)
 - Density: 95 /km2 (247 /sq mi)
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation (min-max): 0–11 m ­(0–36 ft)
Postal code: 843 xx
Telephone: 22850
Auto: ΕΜ
Website
http://www.naxos.gr

Naxos (Greek: Νάξος; Italian: Nasso, also known as Χώρα - Chora) is a town and a former municipality on the island of Naxos, in the Cyclades, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Naxos and Lesser Cyclades, of which it is the seat and a municipal unit.[2] It has 6,533 inhabitants (2001 census). The Naxos municipal unit covers an area of 126.957 square kilometres (49.018 sq mi). It is located on the west side of Naxos Island in the Cyclades island group in the Aegean. It was the centre of archaic Cycladic culture. It shares the island of Naxos with the municipal unit of Drymalia.

History[edit]

The promenade
A view

Ancient Greek Naxos[edit]

During the 8th and 7th centuries BCE, Naxos dominated commerce in the Cyclades.

Revolt of Naxos[edit]

In 502 BCE the inhabitants of Naxos rebelled against their masters in the Persian Empire; this revolt led to the larger Ionian Revolt, and then to the Persian War between Greece and Persia.

The Dukes of Naxos[edit]

Further information: Duchy of the Archipelago

In the aftermath of the Fourth Crusade, with a Latin Emperor under the influence of the Venetians established at Constantinople, the Venetian Marco Sanudo conquered the island and soon captured the rest of the islands of the Cyclades, establishing himself as Duke of Naxia, or Duke of the Archipelago. Twenty-one dukes in two dynasties ruled the Archipelago, until 1566; Venetian rule continued in scattered islands of the Aegean until 1714.

Ottoman Naxos (1564-1821)[edit]

The Ottoman administration remained essentially in the hands of the Venetians; the Porte's concern was satisfied by the returns of taxes. Very few Turks ever settled on Naxos, and Turkish influence on the island is slight. Turkish sovereignty lasted until 1821, when the islands revolted; Naxos finally became a member of the Greek state in 1832.

Historical Population[edit]

The town hall
Year Population
1991 9,824
2001 12,089

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Facto Population of Greece Population and Housing Census of March 18th, 2001 (PDF 793 KB). National Statistical Service of Greece. 2003. 
  2. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)

External links[edit]