|Il-Kunsill Lokali tan-Naxxar|
Naxxar Parish Church
|Motto: Prior Credidi|
|Borders||Għargħur, Iklin, Lija, Mosta, Pembroke, St. Paul's Bay, Swieqi|
|• Mayor||Maria Fatima Deguara (PN)|
|• Total||11.6 km2 (4.5 sq mi)|
|Population (March 2013)|
|• Density||1,100/km2 (3,000/sq mi)|
|Demonym||Naxxari (m), Naxxarija (f), Naxxarin (pl)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||Our Lady of Victories|
|Day of festa||September 8|
Naxxar is a village in the central north of Malta, with a population of about 13,319 people (as of March 2013). The Naxxar Church is dedicated to Our Lady of Victories. The feast is celebrated on September 8. Naxxar was formerly known for the Maltese International Trade Fair Grounds.
The Naxxar Locality is spread over an area of 11 square kilometres (4 sq mi) and has a population of over eleven thousand persons. The whole locality comprises the Naxxar centre, Sgħajtar area, Santa Marija tax-Xagħra, San Pawl tat-Targa, Birguma, Magħtab, Salina, Baħar Iċ-Ċagħaq and part of Madliena.
Naxxar is famous for its cart ruts (cart tracks) that curve and twist down the Great Fault escarpment.
- 1 Origin of the village
- 2 Origin of the name
- 3 Motto
- 4 The parish church
- 5 Knisja tan-Naxxar
- 6 Il-Festa tan-Naxxar
- 7 Chapels
- 8 Fortifications
- 9 Palazzo Parisio
- 10 Zones in Naxxar
- 11 Naxxar Local Council
- 12 Places of interest
- 13 Naxxar Main Roads
- 14 References
- 15 External links
Origin of the village
It is not easy to determine when Naxxar started to become a village. What is sure is that thousands of years ago, there already existed some form of habitation in Naxxar. This is evidenced by the caves at Tal-Qattara and at Ta’ San Brinkaw; megalith remains of the Bronze Age period at Tal-Qadi and at Qaliet Marku; the cart ruts which start at Salina up to it-Targa and appear later on near the Ghadira tal-Wej and which are probably of the Bronze Age; Punic tombs at the Naxxar Primary School and it is said also in St George Street and Leli Falzon Street; as well as the Catacombs at Salina and Maghtab.
Origin of the name
According to tradition, the people of Naxxar were amongst the first to help the shipwrecked, including Saint Paul, when the ship he was on went aground on the rocks. For this reason many connect the name Naxxar with Nassar (Nasra) which means 'conversion to Christianity'. They also say that Naxxar can derive from the Maltese verb "Naxar" which means to hang up clothes. Others insist that the name comes from “Nsara” or “Nazaroei” which means 'those who believe in the teachings of Christ who came from Nazareth and thus “Nozri”'. Others say that the word Naxxar means 'one who saws, separates or cuts' – it might be worth mentioning that in Naxxar there are a lot of stonemasons. Magri, in his book says that the word naxar comes from “nazar” which in Jewish means “chosen for him” or else “one who keeps to himself”. This is because in the vicinity the Arabs had formed a village that they called Hal Muselmiet, which means 'the village of the Muslims'. For this reason the Christians started another village – that of the Christians and so the name of Naxxar.
Although it has never been clearly explained where the name Naxxar originated, it is a clear fact that there is a close tie with the tradition that the people of Naxxar were the first converts to Christianity. In fact the Parish of Naxxar was the first in the Maltese outskirts, after that of the Cathedral (Mdina) and that of Vittoriosa. This is borne out and further evidenced by the village motto – Prior Credidi – meaning the First To Believe.
The parish church
The Naxxar parish church was one of the ten parishes found to be existing by Bishop De Mello in 1436 and the villages of Mosta and Gharghur were subject to it. De Mello listed it as one of the ten parishes of Malta and it was the first parish dedicated to Our Lady after that of the old cathedral in Mdina. In 1575, the parish of Naxxar had under its control a total of 36 churches – 14 in Naxxar, 5 in Gharghur, 12 in Mosta and 5 in the neighbourhood of these villages. The present church was built between 1616 and 1630 when there were 1200 inhabitants in Naxxar and it was felt that a larger church was needed. The design was made by Tumas Dingli, one of the best architects of the time. The parish priest was Father Gakbu Pace. The choir and the area around it was redesigned in 1691 to the design of Lorenzo Gafa', the same architect who had designed Mdina's Cathedral. The parish church was solemnly consecrated by Bishop Alpheran de Bussan on 11 December 1732.
The church has a choir, two transepts and a nave and is 130 feet (40 m) long. The width of the transept is 94 feet (29 m) and the nave 30 feet (9.1 m). The large bell was made by the founder Toni Tanti in 1840 and cost £225. The façade of the church has two clocks, one showing the actual time whilst the other is a painting and shows the time as a quarter to eleven (11.45).
The main painting shows the Birth of Our Lady which is attributed to the school of Mattia Preti (1613-1699) whilst at the side there are two paintings by Stefano Erardi (1650-1733) which show the Flight to Egypt and the Adoration of the Magi. Other paintings which show the Madonna and Child, St Cajetan, St Aloysius Gonzaga, Our Saviour and Our Lady of Sorrows are the work of the Maltese painter Frangisku Zahra (1680-1765). In the sacristy hangs the antique painting showing Our Lady of the Rosary which was painted on wood by Gio Maria Abela in 1595.
The main door, which is made of bronze, is dated 1913 and is the work of Pio Cellini. The door is made up of four main panels depicting the coat of arms of Our Lady, Patroness of Naxxar; the village coat of arms; the coat of arms of Pope St Pius X and the coat of arms of the family Zammit who were the benefactors of this door. In 1952 this door was dismantled, and renovated and cleaned by the blacksmith Mastru Lucens Agius. The expenses involved were once more paid for by the same family Zammit.
The statue of the Vitorja, which feast is celebrated on 8 September, was imported from Rome whilst the statues of the Good Friday Procession are the work of a Maltese craftsman. Naxxar was one of the first villages which had the statues of the Passion of Our Lord and in fact it is believed that the procession started being held just after 1750. On 9 November 1787, the body of the martyr St Vittorio was brought from the cemetery of St Calepodio of Rome and is found in the altar in the choir. Some of the sculptures and façades were made by Angelo Quatromanni
San Pawl tat-Targa
In the larger Naxxar area, there are various country chapels. These include the chapel of the Immaculate Conception which was built in the 18th Century; St Lucy’s chapel; the chapel of the Shipwreck of St. Paul situated at San Pawl tat-Targa; Church of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist; the chapel of St James the Apostle; Santa Maria tax-Xaghra; the Assumption of the Virgin in Maghtab which was built in the 18th Century; the Annunciation of the Virgin at Salina which was built in the 16th Century; the church of St. Michael the Archangel in Salina; that of St John the Evangelist and that of St Mary of the Angels in Bahar ic-Caghaq.
The actual area where the village of Naxxar is built offers a natural shelter to its inhabitants. In fact, in early times the village was used to reconnoitre the movements of the enemy. Because this height has a plain which goes right down to the sea, we find that three forms of defence were built through the ages – those along the sea such as towers, trenches, batteries, redoubts and beachposts - as a physical resistance to those attempting to land from the sea; inland defences like pillboxes – to hinder the advance of the enemy if they were successful in landing; and the fortifications on high ground.
Palazzo Parisio was built by Marquis Giuseppe Scicluna. Before, this site was occupied by a summer residence by the Jesuit Community. After buying the property in 1898, Marquis Scicluna altered it into its present state, purchased more land at the back and converted it into a big garden. All this was done between 1898 and 1906.
Zones in Naxxar
- Qasam San Ġorġ
- San Pawl tat-Tarġa
- Santa Marija tax-Xagħra
- Ta' Alla u Ommu
- Wied Bordi
- Wied il-Għasel
Naxxar Local Council
The current Naxxar local council members are:
- Deguara Maria Fatima (Mayor - PN)
- Galea Clifford (PL)
- Pierre Sciberras (PN)
- Anne Marie Muscat Fenech Adami (PN)
- David Bonello (PN)
- Pauline Miceli (PL)
- Gatt Noel (PL)
- Mario k/a Marlon Brincat (PL)
- Clinton Sammut (PN)
Places of interest
- [Palazzo Parisio]http://www.palazzoparisio.com
- [Naxxar Parish Church]http://www.naxxarparish.org
- [Peace Band Club] http://www.bandapeacenaxxar.com
Naxxar Main Roads
- Misraħ Toni Bajjada (Tony Bajjada Square)
- Pjazza Vittorja (Victory Square)
- Telgħa t'Alla u Ommu (T'Alla u Ommu Hill)
- Triq San Pawl Tat-Tarġa (San Pawl Tat-Tarġa Road)
- Triq iċ-Ċikk
- Triq il-Ħaddieda (Blacksmiths Street)
- Triq il-Kbira (Main Street)
- Triq il-Knisja (Church Street)
- Triq il-Kurradu
- Triq il-Forġa
- Triq il-Fortizza tal-Mosta (Mosta Fortress Street)
- Vjal il-Labour (Labour Avenue)
- Triq il-Markiż Scicluna
- Triq il-Mosta (Mosta Road)
- Triq il-Parroċċa (Parish Road)
- Triq il-Qoton
- Triq is-Sgħajtar (Is-Sgħajtar Road)
- Triq it-Tuffieħ
- Triq Jules Verne (Jules Verne Street)
- Triq l-Amerika (America Street)
- Triq l-Emigranti (Emigrants Street)
- Triq l-Ingilterra (England Street)
- Triq Leli Falzon (Leli Falzon Street)
- Triq San Ġorġ (St George Street)
- Triq San Pubilju (St Publius Street)
- Triq Santa Marija (St Mary Street)
- Triq Stivala (Stivala Street)
- Triq Tal-Balal (Tal-Balal Road)
- Vjal il-21 ta' Settembru (21 September Avenue)
- Triq Andrea Debono (Andrea Debono Street)
- Estimated Population by Locality 31st March, 2013. Malta Government Gazette 19,094. Retrieved 11 June 2014.