Nayagarh

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This article is about the municipality in Odisha, India. For its namesake district, see Nayagarh district.
Nayagarh
city
Nayagarh is located in Odisha
Nayagarh
Nayagarh
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 20°08′N 85°06′E / 20.13°N 85.1°E / 20.13; 85.1Coordinates: 20°08′N 85°06′E / 20.13°N 85.1°E / 20.13; 85.1
Country  India
State Odisha
District Nayagarh
Government
 • Collector & District Magistrate Hemanta Kumar Padhi, OAS
Elevation 178 m (584 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 962,215
Languages
 • Official Oriya
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 752-XXX
Telephone code 06753
Vehicle registration OR-25 / OD-25
Nearest city Khurdha
Literacy 79.17%
Lok Sabha constituency 3
Vidhan Sabha constituency 4
Website www.nayagarh.nic.in
Maa Dakhinakali temple entrance, Nayagarh

Nayagarh (ନୟାଗଡ଼) is a town and a notified area council (NAC) in Nayagarh district in the Indian state of Odisha. It is the headquarters of Nayagarh district.

Geography[edit]

Nayagarh is located at 20°08′N 85°06′E / 20.13°N 85.1°E / 20.13; 85.1.[1] It has an average elevation of 178 metres (583 feet). This town has Rukhi mountain to the south and Balaram mountain in north. These mountains mitigated the effects of the 1999 Odisha cyclone on Nayagarh.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[2] Nayagarh had population of 962,215 of which male and female were 502,194 and 460,021 respectively. There was change of 11.30 percent in the population compared to population as per 2001. In the previous census of India 2001, Nayagarh District recorded increase of 10.46 percent to its population compared to 1991.

The initial provisional data suggest a density of 247 in 2011 compared to 222 of 2001. Total area under Nayagarh district is about 3,890 km2.

Average literacy rate of Nayagarh in 2011 were 79.17 compared to 70.52 of 2001. If things are looked out at gender wise, male and female literacy were 86.63 and 71.08 respectively. For 2001 census, same figures stood at 82.66 and 57.64 in Nayagarh District. Total literate in Nayagarh District were 681,522 of which male and female were 387,632 and 293,890 respectively. In 2001, Nayagarh District had 529,840 in its total region.

With regards to Sex Ratio in Nayagarh, it stood at 916 per 1000 male compared to 2001 census figure of 938. The average national sex ratio in India is 940 as per latest reports of Census 2011 Directorate.

In census enumeration, data regarding child under 0-6 age were also collected for all districts including Nayagarh. There were total 101,337 children under age of 0-6 against 113,180 of 2001 census. Of total 101,337 male and female were 54,759 and 46,578 respectively. Child Sex Ratio as per census 2011 was 851 compared to 904 of census 2001. In 2011, Children under 0-6 formed 10.53 percent of Nayagarh District compared to 13.09 percent of 2001. There was net change of -2.56 percent in this compared to previous census of India.

Nayagarh District population constituted 2.29 percent of total Odisha population. In 2001 census this figure for Nayagarh District was at 2.29 percent of Odisha population.

History[edit]

Main article: Nayagarh State

The history of the foundation of Nayagarh State in the thirteenth century is an important chapter in the political history of Odisha. Suryamani of Baghela dynasty came to Puri on a pilgrimage from "Rewa" of Madhya Pradesh and established his kingdom at Nayagarh. On the way to Puri, Both Suryamani and his brother Chandramani took rest at night at Gunanati. The area was full of tigers and at night a tiger attacked him. Both the brothers fought the tiger and killed it. The local people praised the brave brothers and elected Suryamani as their leader. Suryamani gradually built his fort at Gunanati and married a Mali girl. After the death of his first wife he again married a Kshatriya girl. From there, he then attacked Haripur and Ralaba. Ralaba was a very beautiful place. While sleeping a tiger attacked him at Ralaba he again fought and killed it. At that moment he saw a lady with an empty pot passed by to fetch water. Astonishingly, she returned with a little boy. Immediately, Suryamani obstructed the way of that lady and wanted to know about the mystery. The lady told she was Bouri Thakurani (a local worshiped goddess) and the tiger that the king killed was the boy. She advised Suryamani to kill her and worship her as his deity. From that date Suryamani worshiped "Bauri Thakurani" at Ralaba and built his fort there and adopted Tiger Head as a state symbol.

Ninth king of this dynasty "Bagel Singh" (1480–1510) came on a hunting to a place in between Rukshi and Balaram mountains and saw a wonderful sight that a rabbit pressed down a dog there. After seeing this he selected and shifted his capital to this place. As per his name this place was known as "Baghua Nayagarh". The place where such an event occurred is now known as "KukurTasara".

12th King of Nayagarh Raghunath Sing (1565–1595) was highly powerful. During this time Muslims had already captured Odisha and the atmosphere of the coastal Odisha was fully indiscipline. Last independent king Mukunda Dev (1565) was defeated in Gohritikira and died. By taking the advantages of the political situations of coastal Odisha, Raghunath Singh attacked Ranapur and captured Odagaon, Sarankul and Baunsiapara area from Ranapur estate and dispossessed Nayagarh-Daspalla border area from the King of Boudh and Sunamuhin area of Odgaon from the King of Ghumusar. He also captured a portion from Banpur. Before death, Ragunath Singh divided his estate between his three sons. Harihar Singh was in possession of Nayagarh and Jadunath Singh got four Khandagrams (large area of land) which was known as Khandapada later. Gadadhar Singh was the son of Harihar Singh. When he was engaged in a fight with Ranpur estate the king of Ghumusar attacked Nayagarh. Pindik Patsahani of village Sunalati with 150 soldiers fought the great army of Ghumusar and defeated him. But, in subsequent war he was captured by the enemy and sacrificed his life. Gadadhar Sing's daughter married the great poet Upendra Bhanja of Ghumusar who settled at Malisahi of Nayagarh estate after marriage. When British captured Odisha, Binayak Singh was the King of Nayagarh and the great Jadumani Mahapatra was his poet.

Educational Institutes[edit]

College[edit]

Nayagarh Autonomous College[edit]

In 1961, the then S.D.O. Sri Bhramarabar Jena took the initiative to establish the college. With generous charities of land from the endowments of Sri Gopinath Jew; Her Majesty the Queen of the erstwhile princely state of Nayagarh; the Forest Department; the then Eastern zone Command Base (now the Police Training School, Nayagarh) and numerous small-land owners, the college came into existence on a Sylvan surrounding at the foot of the Rukhi Range on 9 July 1961. To name a few who will be long remembered for their valuable contribution and active role are Shri Akrura Mohapatra, Advocate; Shri Raghunath Mohapatra, renowned Agriculturist, Shri Narasingha Pattnaik, Advocate; Shri Raghunath Das, first NAC Chairman of Nayagarh and a Social activist; Shri Achhutananda Mohanty, ExMLA, Nayagarah; Shri Rajkishore Pattnaik, Poet; Shri Rajkishore Pattnaik, Advocate; Shri Jaladhar Behera, Advocate; Shri Krishna Chandra Satpathy, Advocate and Sri Benudhar Mohapatra, Agriculturist.

Nayagarh Autonomus College

The infrastructure includes the massive two storied Academic Building that houses all the Arts, Commerce and Science Departments and laboratories, office rooms for both the wings of N.C.C., N.S.S and Youth Red Cross. The Administrative Block includes Central office and Examination Section, The Library building houses Reading Room, Three hostels (Two Gents’ and one Girls’), 10 Staff Quarters and a Spacious Play ground with 400 mt track are the added attractions of our College. Gents’ hostel has been named after the noted poet, Kabi Jadumani, while the other has been named after the world famous Astrophysicist Pathani Samant, the worthy son of Khandapada. The Women's’ hostel has been named after the woman freedom fighter, Malati Choudhury. Besides its own water supply system on the Sprawling Campus, other amenities of the College include Open Air Auditorium, Canteen, Guest house, Health Centre, cycle shed, post office, and NCC Firing Range. The college Library has a total stock of 35,139 books (under graduate and Higher Secondary) including 16, 309 reference books and 4,910 books in the Book Bank, subscription to 29 journals and periodicals, Reading Room facility for the teachers and the students, circulation facility, clipping facility, audio-visual facility and internet access. The catalogueing system is fully computerised. The college came into UGC fold in July 1964 under 2(f) and subsequently under 12 (B). Since then the UGC has been providing adequate financial assistance for promotion of academic activities as well as for the development of infrastructure. The college has recently been declared an Autonomous College by the UGC w.e.f. from the session 2006-07.

School[edit]

Brajendra High School[edit]

Brajendra High School is the oldest high school in Nayagarh. It is named after Raja Brajendra Kishore Singh Mandhata, Raja Saheb of Nayagarh (erstwhile king) of Nayagarh. The school is situated near the Government Hospital and beside the Head Post Office. Initially it was a boys high school but later it became a co-ed school. Now it is taken care by Nayagarh Block. Hostels for students are also built. Brajendra High School is located in the road side of NH - 224 or in front of Notified Area Council (NAC), Nayagarh.

DAV Public School[edit]

It is one of the newest schools in the town Nayagarh. Presently it is one of the most eminient DAV schools in Nayagarh. Highly qualified for studies and achievement in district level. Present principal:- Mrs. Sabita Panda. Manager:- Mr. Abhaya kumar Pradhan.

Maharishi vidya Mandir (MVM), Nayagarh[edit]

Maharishi Vidya Mandir, Nayagarh

This grand educational institute was established in 11 May 1991 at New Rajabati road.An advanced and quintessential school with vedic science as base and scientific knowledge as approach has set a benchmark in education in Nayagarh. It was initially started with the greatest efforts from Mr. Amulya Kumar Das, Mr. Rajkishore Dalei and some other staff. Ms. Annapurna Ray is the present principal of the school. It follows CBSE curriculum.

The first batch passed out in 2000. At that time students have to appear exam from Maharishi Vidya Mandir, Sahadevkunta, Balasore. later the center of exam shifted to Bhubaneswar. Now the center of exam is shifted to Nayagarh.

Initially it was started in New Rajabati Lane, Nayagarh. later it is shifted to its own building in 2004, which is currently located in the Muktapur Road. i.e. while moving in NH 224, Lord Jagannath Temple comes on the way. from there a road goes towards left. Moving one kilometer in that road Maharishi Vidya Mandir comes on the right.

It is the number one school in nayagarh district,it is a specialise school for vedic science. Visual aid is also given to students to understand the subject perfectly.

N.A.C High School[edit]

This is one of the oldest schools of Nayagarh. This high school is located at old town road and this school has a strength of more than 500 students and 20 teachers and offers classes from VI to X. Before 2005 this school was running under N.A.C.(Notified Area Council) from 2006 it is directly work under the Govt. of Odisha. Sri Gangadhara Maharana was the first Headmaster of this school.

Saraswati Vidya Mandir[edit]

It is one of the oldest schools among private high schools established in 1994 with some 50 students and 8 teachers. Now it is the leading private institution with about 1200 plus students and the district headquarters for a number of branches in different blocks all over the district. It is now situated near Nabhaghanpur at a five minute distance from the town.

Solapata High School( Solapata), Bhagirathi High School(Gobindapur)[edit]

Solapata High School is located at village Solapata, 6 kilometers away on the road to Sarankul. It was established in 1964. This is one of the oldest schools of Nayagarh. Another high school is located at Gobindapur, GP- Gadadhar Prasad, Block/Dist- Nayagarh. This school has a strength of more than 200 students and 12 teachers and offers classes from VIII to X. Sri Biswambar Acharya was the first Headmaster of this school.It was established by late Bhagirathi Satapathi in the year 1968. Some other schools are there in Itamati, Dasapalla, Khandapara, Kantilo, Godipada, Sarankul, Odagaon, Chahali and Kajalaipalli. Although these are rural schools, they have produced thousands of scholarly teachers, scientists, engineers, other professionals and intellectuals working successfully in the country and abroad.

Tourist Attractions and Nearby places of interest[edit]

  • Gokulananda Tourism Center : It is famous tourist attraction in Nayagarh district, which is situated on the bank of river Mahanadi in Sidhamula village.People allover the sate comes here for picnic purposes and to see the scenic beauty.Now there a court-age and deer park installed near the picnic spot.Night staying is available in the court-age.[3]
  • Satkosia Gorge – It is the deepest river Gorge of Odisha in the river Mahanadi. Its length is about 16 km in between Angul and Dashapallaboundary. Gharial crocodile and many aquatic birds and animals are found here.
  • Satkosia Wildlife Sanctuary - The Satakosia wildlife sanctuary is a tiger reserve. It attracts the nature lovers to experience the Flora and Fauna of Dashapalla amidst deep dense forest with numerous trees, herbs and creepers. Tiger, elephant, deer, spotted deer, bison, hare, jackal, wolf, leopard, peacock , parrot , maina etc. are common.
  • Kuanaria Dam - A medium Irrigation Project has been built on the river Kuanaria just 7 km away from Dashapalla town. It is the largest river dam of Nayagarh district and a very good picnic spot with a deer park. Irrigation I.B., Wildlife I.B. and RWSS I.B. are here for short stay of the visitors.
  • Mahaveer Khol - Mahaveer Khol, a small hill at the north of Dashapalla is believed to be the original place of God Mahaveer. Swapna Mahaveer is being worshipped here since 1983. It is a fine religious place as well as a very good spot for picnic and for visit. A 3 days long Jajna is being held here every year during Bisub Sankranti where thousands of people gather.
  • Bhimara - It is a fine place for rock trekking. Generally people gather here in the month of Kartik for a visit. It is believed that Bhim the 2nd Pandav was here for some days. So the grand rock bears the foot prints of Bhim and named as Bhimara.
  • Jaleswar Temple,Dihagaon -This Shiv temple is situated at Dihagaon a small village 5km distance from Daspalla Town towards Gania Block.This is the only shiv temple in the Dashapalla Area whose "Shiv Ling is a patali shiv ling(came form deep earth by it self)" have not established by any person. This Shiva Ling have discoverd by a tribal couple while they were searching for their habitats.Kartik Poornima is the main fastival of Dihagaon Jaleswar Temple followed by Maha Shivaratri,Dola Purnima and Sitala Sasthi.
  • Ladukeswar Temple -This Shiv temple is situated at Saranakula a small town towards Odagaon Block.Maha Shivaratri is the important festival which is being celebrated every year.
  • Nilamadhab Temple -This temple is situated at Kantilo around 60km distance form Bhubaneswar.It is believed that lord Jagannath is the secondary form of lord Nilamadhav.
  • Raghunath Temple -This temple is situated at Odagaon around 40km distance form Nayagarh town. Lord Rama is worshiped there along with lord Laxman and goddess Sita.
  • Dakshinakali Temple -This temple is situated in Nayagarh around 1 km distance form Nayagarh town.Goddess Dakshinakli is the prime god of Nayagarh.
Jagannath temple,BalabhadraPur

It is a very beautiful temple which is situated at Balabhadrapur village under Malishahi police station

Forest and Wild life[edit]

Daspalla, Vimara Range[edit]

It is one of the oldest Range surrounding with some bush and a large jungle. In the time of king-administration the kings were hunting and playing with their courtiers. This range is 35 kilometers from Nayagarh town towards Daspalla. It is very attractive, scenic and is divided into three by large stones and was made not just by the rulers but also by the villagers.

Cuisines[edit]

Nayagarh is famous for the popular sweet dish Chhenapoda, which means 'burnt cheese' in Oriya. The Best quality Chhena Poda is now available in Itamati and Machhipada (Native places of Nayagarh). Pithas are enjoyed on traditional holidays, while savory pithas are more common at other times of the year. Natives of Nayagarh and in other regions like Daspalla, Madhyakhanda and Gholahandi prepare Manda Pitha, Chakuli pitha, poda Pitha, Arisha Pitha, Kakra Pitha on different Hindu Festival. Water rice is very popular in Nayagarh.

Business, agriculture, and culture[edit]

Itamati is a village which is part of Nayagarh only 6 km away is the main Business centre of Nayagarh. All type of trading of Nayagarh starts in Itamati. All types of items are available in Itamati at a very cheaper Price. Nayagarh also developed a great business market nowadays with some new Shopping Malls and new Shops. Since Nayagarh is present in between Angul, Cuttack, Aska, Berhampur, Koraput and Khurdha. Nayagarh also had a great Business field. After completion of Sidhamala Dam Project in kantilo over Mahanadi River. The Distance from Nayagarh to Angul and cuttack was completely shortened which ultimately increased business in Nayagarh. The national highway 224 also goes through Nayagarh which shortened the distance from Bhubaneswar to Bolangir. This also influenced trade in Nayagarh.

The agricultural lands of the district of Nayagarh are basically fit for cultivation of seasonal paddy, pulses like mung and black gram and sugar cane. There are hills and forests spread in the nearby areas of the town of Nayagarh as well as in the different parts of the district where herbal and forest products are available including natural medicinal plants.People cultivate groundnut, sesame, and other similar grams during the suitable times which are highly nutritious.The forest products also include saal and kendu leaves supporting life of the rural and tribal people.

The culture of Nayagarh is rural and based on the established traditions right from the ancient times. These are mostly related to the religious systems prevailing in the Hindu temples of Lord Shiva, Lord Rama,Lord Krishna Lord Jagannath and the established deities of Hinduism.Every year, people observe Mahavishuva Sankranti after performing the rituals of Danda with a great fervor.In addition, there are age old traditions of Dola Yatra, Rama Navami and Ratha Yatra too. Nayagarh has unique contributions of Danda Yatra, Raam Leela,Duari Nata, Pala, Daskathia, and Samkirtan to the State. Even these days, the people take strain unitedly to stage drama on different occasions.In a village named Maniakagoda and even elsewhere in the locality, all cultural celebrations are equally enjoyed by both Hindus and Muslims.

NGOs[edit]

Sambhav is an NGO working for Biodiversity, Organic Farming, Rural Sanitation. It is established in 1989 March 8 on Women's Day. The organizer of this NGO is Sabarmathi. She took the barren land of 90 acres in the hills and repaired it 11 long years like a mother. Now after 22 years it is a good land and giving too many domestic seeds.

Politics[edit]

Current MLA is State Panchayatiraj & Law Minister, Government Odisha, Arun Kumar Sahoo of Biju Janta Dal (BJD) who won the seat for the third term in State elections in 2014. Previous MLAs from this seat were Arun Kumar Sahoo (2004–2009), Bhagabat Behera who won this seat representing BJD in 2000, representing JD in 1990, representing JNP in 1985 and 1977, Sitakanta Mishra of INC in 1995, Bansidhar Sahoo of INC(I) in 1980.[4]

Nayagarh was a part of Bhubaneswar (Lok Sabha constituency).[5] And after delimination it is part of Puri loksabha constituency from 2009.

References[edit]

External links[edit]