Nayagarh district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Nayagarh.
Nayagarh district
District
Location in Odisha, India
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 20°06′58″N 85°00′36″E / 20.116°N 85.01°E / 20.116; 85.01Coordinates: 20°06′58″N 85°00′36″E / 20.116°N 85.01°E / 20.116; 85.01
Country  India
State Odisha
Headquarters Nayagarh
Government
 • Collector & District Magistrate Hemanta Kumar Padhi
 • Member of Lok Sabha Pinaki Misra
Area
 • Total 3,890 km2 (1,500 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 535,385
 • Density 138/km2 (360/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Oriya, Hindi, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 752 xxx
Vehicle registration OD-25
Sex ratio 0.994 /
Lok Sabha constituency Puri
Climate Aw (Köppen)
Precipitation 1,449.1 millimetres (57.05 in)
Website www.nayagarh.nic.in

Nayagarh district is one of the 30 districts of Odisha State in eastern India. It was created in 1995 when the erstwhile Puri District was split into three distinct districts. It is home to the Baisipali Wildlife Sanctuary. It is like a Hill station, so far as natural scenery is concerned. Chhena Poda is the favourite sweet for which Nayagarh is famous in Odisha. Hemanta Kumar Padhi is now heading the district administration as the District Magistrate & Collector.

History[edit]

Nayagarh District in around the 13th century and is considered as an important part in the history of Odisha. King Suryamani of Baghela dynasty came to Puri and established his kingdom at Nayagarh. Nayagarh District consists of the four Garjat states of ex-states Ranpur, Nayagarh, Khandapara and Daspalla. The aboriginal "Savaras" and "Kandhas" are the indigenous people of Nayagarh District. The Aryans came later. Nayagarh District with its ex-states of Nayagarh, Khandapara, Daspalla and Ranpur played a major role in the freedom struggle of India.

Birth history of Nayagarh in the 13th century is an important chapter in the political history of Odisha. Suryamani of Baghela dynasty came to Puri on a pilgrimage from Rewa State in Madhya Pradesh and established his kingdom at Nayagarh. On the way to Puri, Both Suryamani and his brother Chandramani took rest at night at Gunanati. The area was full of tigers and at night a tiger attacked him. Both the brothers fought the tiger and killed it. The local people praised the brave brothers and elected Suryamani as their leader. Suryamani gradually built his fort at Gunanati and married a Mali girl. After the death of his first wife he again married a Kshatriya girl. From there, he then attacked Haripur and Ralaba. Ralaba was a very beautiful place. While sleeping a tiger attacked him at Ralaba he again fought and killed it. At that moment he saw a lady with an empty pot passed by to fetch water. Astonishingly, she returned with a little boy. Immediately, Suryamani obstructed the way of that lady and wanted to know about the mystery. The lady told she was Bouri Thakurani (a local worshiped goddess) and the tiger that the king killed was the boy. She advised Suryamani to kill her and worship her as his deity. From that date Suryamani worshiped "Bauri Thakurani" at Ralaba and built his fort there and adopted Tiger Head as a state symbol.

Ninth king of this dynasty "Bagel Singh" (1480–1510) came on a hunting to a place in between Rukshi and Balaram mountains and saw a wonderful sight that a rabbit pressed down a dog there. After seeing this he selected and shifted his capital to this place. As per his name this place was known as "Baghua Nayagarh". The place where such an event occurred is now known as "Kukur Tasara".

12th King of Nayagarh Raghunath Sing (1565–1595) was highly powerful. During this time Muslims had already captured Odisha and the atmosphere of the coastal Odisha was fully indiscipline. Last independent king Mukunda Dev (1565) was defeated in Gohritikira and died. By taking the advantages of the political situations of coastal Odisha, Raghunath Singh attacked Ranapur and captured Odagaon, Sarankul and Baunsiapara area from Ranapur estate and dispossessed Nayagarh-Daspalla border area from the King of Boudh and Sunamuhin area of Odgaon from the King of Ghumusar. He also captured a portion from Banpur. Before death, Ragunath Singh divided his estate between his three sons. Harihar Singh was in possession of Nayagarh and Jadunath Singh got four Khandagrams (large area of land) which was known as Khandapada later. Gadadhar Singh was the son of Harihar Singh. When he was engaged in a fight with Ranpur estate the king of Ghumusar attacked Nayagarh. Pindik Patsahani of village Sunalati with 150 soldiers fought the great army of Ghumusar and defeated him. But, in subsequent war he was captured by the enemy and sacrificed his life. Gadadhar Sing's daughter married the great poet Upendra Bhanja of Ghumusar who settled at Malisahi of Nayagarh estate after marriage. When British captured Odisha, Binayak Singh was the King of Nayagarh and the great Jadumani was his poet.

There were several Princely States in Nayagarh District.[1][2]

Daspalla[edit]

Daspalla State was founded in the 15th century.

Rulers[edit]

1653 - 1701 Chakradhar Deo Bhanj. 1701 - 1753 Padmanav Deo Bhanj. 1753 - 1775 Trilochan Deo Bhanj. 1775 - 1795 Makunda Bhank Deo Bhanj. 1795 - 1805 Guri Charan Deo Bhanj. 1805 - 1845 Krishna Chanda Deo Bhanj. 1845 - 1861 Madhusudan Deo Bhanj. 1861 - Jan 1873 Narsimha Deo Bhanj. 21 Jan 1873 - 21 May 1874 Chaitan Deo Bhanj (b. 1854 - d. ....).

Rajas[edit]

21 May 1874 - 1896 Chaitan Deo Bhanj (s.a.). 1896 - 11 Dec 1913 Narayan Deo Bhanj (b. 1860 - d. 1913). 11 Dec 1913 - 15 Aug 1947 Kishor Chandra Deo Bhanj (b. 1908 - d. 1960). 11 Dec 1913 - 3 Mar 1930 .... -Regent.

Khandpara[edit]

Khandpara State was founded in the 17th century.

Rajas[edit]

1675 - 1709 Narayan Singh Mardraj. 1709 - 1723 Balunkeswar Singh Mardraj. 1723 - 1732 Banamall Singh Mardraj. 1734 - 1770 Bairagi Singh Mardraj. 1770 - 1794 Niladri Singh Mardraj. 1794 - 1815 Narasimha Singh Mardraj. 1815 - 1821 Purushottam Mardraj. 1821 - 1842 Krishna Chandra Singh. 1842 - 1867 Kunja Bihari Singh. 28 Feb 1867 - 1905 Natobar Mardraj Bhramarbar Rai (b. 1837 - d. 1905?). 1905 - 26 Dec 1922 Ram Chandra Singh Mardraj Bhramarbar Rai. 26 Dec 1922 - 15 Aug 1947 Harihar Singh Deo Mardraj Bhramarbar Rai (b. 1914 - d. 1977).

Nayagarh[edit]

Nayagarh State was founded in 1550.

Rajas[edit]

.... - .... Chandrasekhar Singh Mandhata. .... - .... Purushottam Singh Mandhata. .... - 1784 Mrutyunjay Singh Mandhata. 1784 - 1825 Binayak Singh Mandhata. 1825 - 1851 Braja Babdhu Singh Mandhata. 30 Sep 1851 - 1889 Ladhu Kishor Singh Mandhata (b. c. 1843 - d. ....). 1889 - 1890 Balbhadra Singh. 2 Mar 1890 - 4 Sep 1897 Raghunath Singh Mandhata. 1897 - 7 Dec 1918 Narayan Singh Mandhata. 7 Dec 1918 - 15 Aug 1947 Krishnachandra Singh Mandhata (b. 1911 - d. 1983).

Ranpur[edit]

The Jagannath temple at Ranapur

The legendary date of foundation of Ranpur State is 18th century BC.

Rajas[edit]

1692 - 1727 Ramachandra Narendra. 1727 - 1754 Sarangadhar Bajradhar Narendra. 1754 - 1789 Narsingh Bajradhar Narendra. 1789 - 1821 Brujdaban Bajradhar Narendra. 1821 - 1842 Brajsundar Bajradhar Narendra. 1842 - 1899 Benudar Bajradhar Narendra (b. 1817 - d. ....). 12 Jul 1899 - 21 Jun 1945 Krishna Chandra Narendra (b. 1875 - d. 1945). 21 Jun 1945 - 1947 Brajendra Chandra Narendra (b. 1928 - d. 1980).

Maoist attacks[edit]

The district is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[3] On 15 February 2008 A number of police facilities across the district came under attack from maoist rebels resulting in the death of 13 police officers and 1 civilian. During the raid the rebels stole a number of weapons.[4] Targets of the attack were the police training school the police armoury and a police station. The fighting lasted about one and a half hours.[5]

Divisions[edit]

Blocks[edit]

  1. Bhapur
  2. Daspalla
  3. Gania
  4. Khandapada
  5. Nayagarh
  6. Nuagan
  7. Odagaon
  8. Ranapur

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Nayagarh district has a population of 962,215,[6] roughly equal to the nation of Fiji[7] or the US state of Montana.[8] This gives it a ranking of 453rd in India (out of a total of 640).[6] The district has a population density of 247 inhabitants per square kilometre (640 /sq mi) .[6] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.3%.[6] Nayagarh has a sex ratio of 916 females for every 1000 males,[6] and a literacy rate of 79.17%.[6]

Visiting places[edit]

Jagannath temple,BalabhadraPur

Politics[edit]

(119)Ranpur remains with Puri Lok Sabha constituency After delamination . (120)Khandapada was a part of Bhubaneswar Lok Sabha constituency.After delamination it is part of Cuttack Lok Sabha constituency from 2009. (121)Daspalla(SC) was a part of Bhubaneswar Lok Sabha constituency.After delamination it is part of Kandhamal Lok Sabha constituency from 2009. (122)Nayagarh was a part of Bhubaneswar Lok Sabha constituency.After delamination it is part of Puri Lok Sabha constituency from 2009.

Vidhan sabha constituencies[edit]

The following is the 4 Vidhan sabha constituencies[9][10] of Nayagarh district and the elected members[11] of that area

No. Constituency Reservation Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks) Member of 14th Assembly Party
119 Ranpur None Ranpur, Odagaon (part) Satyanarayan Pradhan BJD
120 Khandapada None Khandapada (NAC), Khandapada, Bhapur Siddharth Sekhar Singh BJD
121 Daspalla SC Daspalla, Gania, Nuagaon Kashinath Mallik BJD
122 Nayagarh None Nayagarh (NAC), Nayagarh, Odagaon (part) Arun Kumar Sahu BJD

References[edit]

  1. ^ Princely States of Nayagarh District
  2. ^ Princely States
  3. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  4. ^ "Indian Maoists kill 14 in Orissa". BBC. 2008-02-16. Retrieved 2008-02-16. 
  5. ^ "13 police personnel killed in Naxal attack in Orissa". headlines india. Retrieved 2008-02-16. [dead link]
  6. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  7. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Fiji 883,125 July 2011 est." 
  8. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Montana 989,415" 
  9. ^ Assembly Constituencies and their EXtent
  10. ^ Seats of Odisha
  11. ^ "List of Member in Fourteenth Assembly". ws.ori.nic.in. Retrieved 19 February 2013. "MEMBER NAME" 

External links[edit]