|Estado Libre y Soberano de Nayarit|
State of Nayarit within Mexico.
|Admission||January 26, 1917|
|• Governor||Roberto Sandoval|
|• Senators|| Raúl Mejía González
Francisco J. Castellón
|• Total||27,857 km2 (10,756 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||2,760 m (9,060 ft)|
|• Density||40/km2 (100/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||23rd|
|Time zone||MST (UTC−7)|
|• Summer (DST)||MDT (UTC−6)|
|ISO 3166 code||MX-NAY|
|HDI|| 0.7425 (high)
|GDP||US$ 4,281.52 mil[a]|
|^ a. The state's GDP was 53,167,305 thousand pesos in 2008, an amount corresponding to USD 4,281,523.828 thousand (a dollar worth 12.80 pesos as of June 3, 2010).|
Nayarit (Spanish pronunciation: [naʝaˈɾit]), officially Free and Sovereign State of Nayarit (Spanish: Estado Libre y Soberano de Nayarit), is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, make up the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided in 20 municipalities and its capital city is Tepic.
It is located in Western Mexico. It is bordered by the states of Sinaloa to the northwest, Durango to the north, Zacatecas to the northeast and Jalisco to the south. To the west, Nayarit has a significant share of coastline on the Pacific Ocean.
Radiocarbon dating estimate that Aztatlán colonization of the western Mexican coast (including parts of Sinaloa, Nayarit and Jalisco) as occuring as early as 900 AD, with some evidence suggesting it might have been as early as 520 AD. The cultures encountered on the Western coast by the Spanish invaders in 1500, were descended from these original Aztatlán settlements and other Classic stage cultures who had merged with them.
Francisco Cortés was the first known European to enter into the area now known as Nayarit, and he claimed the area for Spain as part of the colony of Nueva Galicia. As the Spaniards invaded the area, led by Nuño de Guzman, their brutality caused the indigenous inhabitants to revolt, in what was later referred to as the Mixtón War.
During the second half of the 19th century, Nayarit was one of the most turbulent territories in Mexico. The population was in open revolt, demanding access to land. Nayarit was one of the last territories admitted as a state of the Mexican federation, which occured on May 1, 1917.
Nayarit covers 27,815 square kilometers (10,739 sq mi), making it one of the smaller states in Mexico. Nayarit is located between latitude lines 23°05' north and 20°36' south and longitude lines 103°43' east and 105°46' west. Its terrain is broken up by the western ends of the Sierra Madre Occidental mountains. Its highest mountains are: San Juan, Sanguangüey, El Ceboruco, Cumbre de Pajaritos and Picachos. Nayarit has two volcanoes, Ceboruco and Sangangüey. In the northeast are broad, tropical plains watered by the Río Grande de Santiago, a continuation of the Lerma River. The main state rivers are the Río Grande de Santiago, San Pedro, Acaponeta, Ameca and Las Cañas. The Río Grande de Santiago is the largest river in Nayarit. The Santiago and its tributaries are of major importance for agricultural irrigation. The Ameca and the Las Cañas lie on the border between Nayarit and the states of Jalisco and Sinaloa, respectively. Notable lagoons in Nayarit include Santa María del Oro, San Pedro Lagunillas and Agua Brava.
- Amatlán de Cañas
- Bahía de Banderas
- El Nayar
- Ixtlán del Río
- La Yesca
- San Blas
- San Pedro Lagunillas
- Santa María del Oro
- Santiago Ixcuintla
Nayarit contains hundreds of miles of rain forest in the sierra. Its wildlife includes hundreds of bird species including the Lilac-crowned amazon (Amazona finschi) and Mexican woodnymph (Thalurania ridgwayi). There are also registered 119 species of mammals including White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), collared peccary (Pecari tajacu), caymans, armadillos and wild felines such as Jaguarundi (Puma yagouarundi) and Ocelot (Felis pardalis) and many more . Unfortunately most of the rain forest has been exploited, especially around the region of Santa Maria Del Oro. The conservation and protection of the rain forest and wildlife of Nayarit is an issue of crucial importance.
Flora and fauna
- Instituto Tecnológico de Tepic
- Universidad Autónoma de Nayarit
- Universidad Tecnólogica de Nayarit
- Universidad Tecnólogica de la Costa
- Escuela Normal Superior de Nayarit
- Escuela Secundaria Tecnica Numero 51. (Emilio M. Gonzalez)
Nayarit is Mexico's twenty-ninth most populous state. According to the census of 2010, the state had a population of 1,084,979 and its population density was 39/km2.
Nayarit is the home to four indigenous groups: the Wixaritari] (Huichol), the Naayeri, the Odam and the Nahuatl speaking Mexicaneros. The indigenous groups mostly inhabit the Nayar highlands, but are also frequently encountered in Tepic and on the pacific coast where they have also established colonies. They are known for their crafts and artwork which they sell. About 5% of the population of the state speak an indigenous language.
Typical of Mexico, Nayarit's inhabitants are Catholic in majority.
|Religion||Percent||Population of Tepic - 295,2040|
|Biblical Non-Evangelical||1.3%||10, 535|
|Not Religious||2.9%||23, 607|
Nayarit is predominantly an agricultural state, and produces a large variety of crops such as beans, sorghum, sugar cane, corn, tobacco, rice, chiles, peanuts, melons, tomatoes, coffee, mangoes, bananas, and avocados. In addition to these crops, livestock and fishing are also central to the local economy. Approximately 6 percent of the land in Nayarit is pasturelands, with the most common livestock being cattle, horse, pigs, goats, and sheep. Nayarit has 289 kilometers of coastline, which provides an abundance of fish and shellfish including bass, snapper, sharks, and oysters. There are over 75 cooperatives related to the fishing industry alone in Nayarit. Much of the food produced in Nayarit is exported to the larger urban areas surrounding Mexico City and Guadalajara, and much of the agricultural labor is performed by migrant laborers. There is some mining in Nayarit, but it is mostly of non-metallic substances such as limestone or kaolin.
In recent years, Nayarit has worked to build its tourism sector, marketing the "Riviera Nayarita" as a safe, beautiful destination served by Puerto Vallarta International Airport. Popular resort towns include San Blas, Santiago Ixcuintla, Tecuala, and Compostela. However, some residents in these and other towns are concerned that the growth in the tourism industry might have harmful impacts on the community.
- Ixtlán del Rio (archaeological site)
- Western Mexico shaft tomb tradition
- Index: Natural history of Nayarit
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Spanish Wikipedia. (June 2012)|
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- Gov Mx
- Map Gov Mx
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- Fernández, Marina Anguiano (1992). Nayarit: costa y altiplanicie en el momento del contacto (in Spanish). Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM). p. 27. ISBN 9789683616067.
- Pulido Pérez, R. (1995). Diagnostico de la fauna silvestre en el estado de Nayarit/.
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- Gov Mx
- Standish, Peter (2009). "Nayarit". The States of Mexico: A Reference Guide to History and Culture. Greenwood Publishing. pp. 251–252. ISBN 9780313342233.
- Adams, Richard E.W. (2005). Prehistoric Mesoamerica. University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 9780806137025.
- Flores-Verdugo, F.J. et al (2000). "The Tropical Pacific Coast of Mexico". In U. Seeliger & B. Kjerfve. Coastal Marine Ecosystems of Latin America. Springer. ISBN 9783540672289.
- Weigand, Phil C. (1992). "Central Mexico's Influences in Jalisco and Nayarit during the Classic Period". In Edward M. Schortman, Patricia A. Urban. Resources, Power, and Interregional Interaction. Springer. ISBN 9780306440687.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nayarit.|
- (Spanish) Nayarit State Government
- (Spanish) Breve Historia de Nayarit: Jean Meyer
- (Spanish) Portal de Carrillo Puerto Nayarit, Mexico
- (Spanish) Portal de Compostela Nayarit, Mexico