|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Founded by||Joseph Reisdorff|
|Elevation||3,760 ft (1,150 m)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|Website||Handbook of Texas|
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2), all of it land.
The town of Nazareth was established through the efforts of a Catholic priest, Joseph Reisdorff, who moved to the site in 1902 with four farmers interested in purchasing land in the area. Father Reisdorff named his colony after the biblical Nazareth and advertised for settlers in several midwestern German Catholic newspapers. By September 1902 the first settlers had begun to arrive. A post office was established in 1903, and later that year the Catholic community finished building its first church. Nazareth had seventy-one residents by January 1904, and the town was platted latter that year. By 1905, in addition to the church, the settlement included a blacksmith shop, a store, and a school; when the community's cemetery was consecrated in 1906, it became the only Catholic cemetery in the area. For many years local church officials supplied what little government the community required. In 1914 Nazareth had an estimated 50 residents, and about 150 people were living there by 1927. During the Dust Bowl of the 1930s the area was swept by huge dust storms that uprooted crops and made farming unprofitable; in 1933, the town was estimated to have only 50 residents. Agriculture in Castro county revived during the 1940s, however, and by 1941 about 200 people were living there. The population fluctuated during the 1950s and 1960, dropping to about 75 in 1955, then rising to an estimated 275 by 1964; the census found 274 people living in the town in 1970 and 299 in 1980. As late as the mid-1980s about 85 percent of the town's residents were Catholics, and church activities helped to bond the community together. In 1990 the population stood at 293.
As of the census of 2000, there were 356 people, 125 households, and 93 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,022.1 people per square mile (392.7/km2). There were 140 housing units at an average density of 402.0/sq mi (154.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.91% White, 1.12% from other races, and 1.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.90% of the population.
There were 125 households out of which 46.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.8% were married couples living together, 2.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.8% were non-families. 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.43.
In the city the population was spread out with 34.3% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 32.3% from 25 to 44, 16.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 114.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 112.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $36,875, and the median income for a family was $46,375. Males had a median income of $28,438 versus $21,000 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,756. About 2.9% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.
The City of Nazareth is served by the Nazareth Independent School District.
The Nazareth Swiftettes have won 18 state championships (including the 2007 Class 1A - Division II Championship), a current public school national record. Since 1976, the Swiftettes have been to the Final Four of the Texas state tournament 22 times. An article on ESPN.com has recently documented the town and the women's basketball team. The boys have also had tremendous success in basketball, collecting 6 state championships in 14 trips to the state Final Four since 1980, including the 2006, 2007, and most recently, the 2010 Class 1A - Division II Championships.
- Buffalo Lake National Wildlife Refuge
- Muleshoe National Wildlife Refuge
- Eastern New Mexico
- Texas Panhandle
- Nazareth, TX from the Handbook of Texas Online
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Nazareth
- Photos of West Texas and Eastern New Mexico