Nazim Al-Haqqani

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Nazim Al-Haqqani
Sheij Nazim al Haqqani.jpg
Born Mehmet Nazım Adil
(1922-04-21) 21 April 1922 (age 91)
Larnaca, Cyprus
Occupation Leader of the Naqshbandi Sufi Order
Religion Sunni, Sufi Islam
Website
www.Saltanat.org

Mehmet Nâzım Adil (Arabic: محمد ناظم الحقاني ‎, born April 21, 1922 CE / Sha'ban 23, 1340 AH), formally referred to as Muhammad Nazim Adil al-Qubrusi al-Haqqani (Turkish: Nazım Kıbrısi), often called Shaykh Nazim, is a Turkish Cypriot Sufi Sheikh and leader of the Naqshbandi-Haqqani Order.[1]

Born in Larnaca, Cyprus, Haqqani is claimed by followers to descent from a lineage including the 11th-century Sufi Saint Abdul Qadir Jilani and 13th-century mystical poet Jalaluddin Rumi.[2]He is fluent in Turkish (native) and Arabic and can also speak English.

Early life[edit]

Courtyard of Sheikh Nazim's Dergah, Lefke, Northern Cyprus.

Having completed secondary education in 1940 at the age of 18, Haqqani moved to Istanbul, where two brothers and a sister were living. He studied chemical engineering at Istanbul University. While advancing his non-religious studies, he continued his education in Islamic theology and the Arabic language under the tutelage of Cemalettin Elassonli. Mawlana Shaykh Nazim studied chemical engineering, yet he would later state, "I felt no attraction to modern science; my heart was always drawn to the spiritual sciences."[2]

At some point during his first year of life in Istanbul, Haqqani met his first spiritual guide, Suleyman Erzurumi, who was a spiritual leader in the Naqshbandi Sufi order.[2] Shortly after obtaining his degree, Mawlana Shaykh Nazim received inspiration to go to Damascus in order to find the Naqshbandi leader Shaykh Abdullah Fa'izi ad-Daghestani. He left Istanbul and arrived in Syria in 1944, but the unrest caused by the Vichy French government prevented his entry into Damascus until 1945.[2]

While in Cyprus, Mawlana Shaykh Nazim came into conflict with pro-Atatürk governing body of the Turkish community of the island. However, all these were dropped shortly thereafter, with the coming to power of Adnan Menderes in Turkey, whose government chose a more tolerant approach to Islamic traditions.[2]

Mawlana Shaykh Nazim moved back to Damascus in 1952, though every year he visited Cyprus for at least three months.[2]

Living abroad[edit]

In the year following the death of Shaykh Abdullah Fa'izi ad-Daghestani in 1973, Haqqani began visiting Western Europe, travelling every year from the Middle East to London. While in the United Kingdom, Haqqani was a teacher and associate of esoteric Christian George Gurdjieff and spiritualist John G. Bennett.[3][4] Among Mawlana Shaykh Nazim's current students and devotees are Hisham Kabbani, Gibril Haddad and Stephen Suleyman Schwartz.

In 1997, Mawlana Shaykh Nazim visited Daghestan, the homeland of one of his spiritual leaders, Shaykh Abdullah Fa'izi ad-Daghestani. He also made repeated visits to Uzbekistan where he made the pilgrimage to the tomb of the eponymous founder of the Naqshbandi Order, Baha-ud-Din Naqshband Bukhari.[2]

In 1991, Mawlana Shaykh Nazim visited the United States for the first time, at the invitation of his son-in-law and representative Shaykh Hisham Kabbani. At that time Haqqani made the first of four nationwide tours.

In 1998, Mawlana Shaykh Nazim was the chief guest of honor at the Second International Islamic Unity Conference, held in Washington, D.C. Later in the same year, Mawlana Shaykh Nazim traveled to South Africa and visited Cape Town, Johannesburg and Durban.

Mission[edit]

Naqshbandi Seal

The mission of the Naqshbandi-Haqqani Sufi Order of America is to spread the Sufi teachings of the brotherhood of mankind, and the Unity of belief in God that is present in all religions and spiritual paths. Its efforts are directed at bringing the diverse spectrum of religions and spiritual paths into harmony and concord, in recognition of mankind’s responsibility as caretaker of this fragile planet and of one another.

The directorship of the Haqqani Foundation is a position assigned by the grandshaykh of the Naqshbandi-Haqqani Sufi Order,Mawlana Shaykh Muhammad Nazim al-Haqqani. He has appointed his representative (calipha), Shaykh Hisham Kabbani, a Sufi shaykh who has been authorized and given permission to guide followers to the Love of God and to their spiritual stations. Shaykh Kabbani’s arduous religious and spiritual training has endowed him with the qualities necessary for a guide on the Path. He meets many Westerners, advising and teaching them on a daily basis, aided by his own lengthy education in Western institutions, his excellent command of English, French, Turkish and Arabic, and his deep knowledge of psychology and spiritual discipline.[5]

Political opinions[edit]

Haqqani has been involved in the political realm as well. In the 2000s, he declared that former President of the United States George W. Bush and former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Tony Blair had achieved sainthood in Islam due to their efforts in "fighting tyrants and evil and devils."[6] Having been born just before the fall of the Ottoman Empire, Haqqani is an admirer of the Empire's history and civilization, as opposed to the modern-day Republic of Turkey to which Haqqani's feelings are lukewarm.[7]

Predictions[edit]

Starting in the 1980s, Haqqani has made a number of Doomsday predictions. In 1978, he predicted that the Mahdi would appear in 1980 and rid the world of evil; when this didn't occur, Haqqani predicted in 1986 that the Mahdi would appear in 1988.[8] When the second prediction also failed, Haqqani again predicted in the 1990s that the Last Judgment would occur before the year 2000. Haqqani has claimed that the source of these predictions is the Muslim prophet Muhammad.[9] Haqqani also predicted that the regimes in the Middle East would be replaced by one ruling sultanate before the end of 2011 and that Prince Charles would forcibly dissolve the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bottcher, Dr Annabelle. "The Naqshbandiyya in the United States". Archived from the original on 2007-08-23. Retrieved 2007-06-13. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g 'The Naqshbandi Sufi Way' by Hisham Kabbani. KAZI Publications, 1995. Biography
  3. ^ Haqqani's relationship with Gurdjieff.
  4. ^ Haqqani speaking at Gurdjieff events.
  5. ^ http://www.naqshbandi.org/the-tariqa/in-america/mission/, 2013
  6. ^ George Bush and Tony Blair at Sufusmus Online.
  7. ^ Nazim al-Haqqani, Magnificence. Saltanat: The Majesty and Magnificence of Islam, vol. 9, #8. December 2011.
  8. ^ Umar Ibrahim Vadillo, The Esoteric Deviation in Islam, pgs. 451-452. Madinah Press, 2011. ISBN 062030569X
  9. ^ Vadillo, pg. 454.

External links[edit]