Nazim Al-Haqqani

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Nazim al-Qubrusi)
Jump to: navigation, search
Shaykh Nazim
Cheikhnazim
Born Mehmet Nazım Adil
(1922-04-21)April 21, 1922
Larnaca, Cyprus
Died May 7, 2014(2014-05-07) (aged 92)
North Nicosia, Northern Cyprus
Occupation Former leader of the Naqshbandi-Haqqani Sufi Order
Religion Sunni, Sufi Islam
Website
www.Saltanat.org

Mehmet Nâzım Adil (April 21, 1922 CE – May 7, 2014; Sha'ban 23, 1340 AH – Rajab 8, 1435 AH), commonly known as Shaykh Nazim, was a Turkish Cypriot Sufi Muslim shaykh and spiritual leader of the Naqshbandi-Haqqani Sufi Order.[1] He was consistently counted among the world's 50 most influential Muslims by the annual publication, The 500 Most Influential Muslims.[2]

Names[edit]

Shaykh Nazim was active in Turkish and Arabic language contexts. His name was therefore transliterated into English in various ways: Nazim Kibrisi (Turkish: Nazım Kıbrısi), indicating his homeland of Cyprus (Turkish: Kıbrıs), and Muhammad Nazim Adil al-Qubrusi al-Haqqani al-Naqshbandi (Arabic: محمد ناظم عادل القبروسي الحقاني النقشبندي‎).

Early life[edit]

Born in Larnaca, Cyprus, Shaykh Nazim traced his lineage to the 11th-century Sufi saint Abdul Qadir Jilani and 13th-century Sufi mystical poet Jalaluddin Rumi.[3]

Shaykh Nazim moved to Istanbul in 1940 to study chemical engineering at Istanbul University. He would later state, "I felt no attraction to modern science; my heart was always drawn to the spiritual sciences."[3] While advancing his non-religious studies, he continued his education in Islamic sacred law and the Arabic language under the tutelage of Cemalettin Elassonli.[citation needed]

During his first year in Istanbul, Shaykh Nazim met his first spiritual guide, Suleyman Erzurumi, who was a spiritual leader in the Naqshbandi Sufi order.[3] Shortly after obtaining his degree, Shaykh Nazim received inspiration to go to Damascus in order to find the Naqshbandi leader Shaykh Abdullah Fa'izi ad-Daghestani. He left Istanbul and arrived in Syria in 1944, but the unrest caused by the Vichy French government prevented his entry into Damascus until 1945.[3]

While in Cyprus, Shaykh Nazim came into conflict with pro-Atatürk governing body of the Turkish community of the island. The conflict was resolved with the coming to power of Adnan Menderes in Turkey, whose government chose a more tolerant approach to Islamic traditions.[3]

Shaykh Nazim moved back to Damascus in 1952, though every year he visited Cyprus for at least three months.[3]

International mission[edit]

Shaykh Nazim spoke Turkish, Greek, Arabic and English, which facilitated his trans-national activity.[4]

In the year following the death of Shaykh Abdullah Fa'izi ad-Daghestani in 1973, Shaykh Nazim began visiting Western Europe, travelling every year from the Middle East to London. While in the United Kingdom, Shaykh Nazim was a teacher and associate of the teacher of spirituality John G. Bennett.[citation needed]

In 1991, Shaykh Nazim visited the United States for the first time, at the invitation of his son-in-law and representative Shaykh Hisham Kabbani. At that time, he made the first of four nationwide tours.

In 1997, Shaykh Nazim visited Daghestan, the homeland of one of his spiritual leaders, Shaykh Abdullah Fa'izi ad-Daghestani. He also made repeated visits to Uzbekistan where he made the pilgrimage to the tomb of the eponymous founder of the Naqshbandi Order, Baha-ud-Din Naqshband Bukhari.[3]

In 1998, Shaykh Nazim was the guest of honor at the Second International Islamic Unity Conference, held in Washington, D.C. Later in the same year, he traveled to South Africa and visited Cape Town, Johannesburg and Durban.

Notable followers[edit]

Among Shaykh Nazim's students and devotees are Hisham Kabbani, Gibril Haddad, Stephen Suleyman Schwartz[citation needed], and the late Raja Ashman Shah.

Political opinions[edit]

Shaykh Nazim was involved in the political realm as well. Born just before the fall of the Ottoman Empire, he praised Ottoman history and civilization, contrasting its culture to its successor, the modern-day Republic of Turkey.[5]

Recognition[edit]

In his later year, Shaykh Nazim was regularly recognized among the world's 50 most influential Muslims in the annual publication, The 500 Most Influential Muslims: he was ranked 49th, 49th, 48th, 45th, and 42nd in the 2009-2013 editions, respectively.[2]

Death[edit]

Courtyard of Sheikh Nazim's sufi lodge and burial shrine, Lefke, Northern Cyprus.

Shaykh Nazim had been receiving intensive care since April 17, 2014, when he was rushed from his home in Lefka to the Near East University Hospital in North Nicosia, Northern Cyprus, after suffering from respiratory problems. He died there on May 7, 2014, at the age of 92 in Northern Cyprus.[6] [7] His grave and burial shrine is located in Lefke, Cyprus at his former home and Sufi lodge.

Published works[edit]

  • Qibrisi, Nazim. 1980. Mercy Oceans: The teachings of Maulana Abdullah al-Faizi ad-Daghestani. n.p.
  • Daghistānī, ʻAbd Allāh al-Naqshbandī, and Nazim Haqqani. 1980. Mercy oceans: Winter lectures 1400 H. (1980 A. D.); Book two. Konya, Turkey: Sebat.
  • al-Qubrusi, Nazim Adil. 1982. Mercy Oceans' Endless Horizons; Summer lectures from 1981. Konya, Turkei: Sebat Offset Pr.
  • al-Qubrusi, Nazim Adil. 1983. Mercy Oceans' Pink Pearls. Konya, Turkei: Sebat Offset Pr.
  • Haqqani, Nazim. 1984. Mercy oceans' divine sources: The discourses of our master Sheikh Nazim Al-Qubrusi (Imam ul-Haqqaniyyin). Konya, Turkey: Sebat.
  • –––. 1985. Mercy oceans of the heart: the discourses of our master Sheikh Nazim Al-Qubrusi (Imam ul-Haqqaniyyin). [Turkey?]: [s.n.].
  • al-Qubrusi, Nazim Adil. 1986. Mercy Oceans Rising Sun. Konya, Turkey: Sebat.
  • Haqqani, Nazim. 1987. The secrets behind the secrets behind the secrets. Berlin: Duru.
  • al-Qubrusi, Nazim Adil. Toward the Divine Presence: Book one, London Talks, Summer 1984. n.p.n.d.
  • Haqqani, Nazim. 1987. Mercy oceans' lovestream: the discourses of our master Sheikh Nazim al-Qubrusi al-Haqqani delivered by the permission of his Grandsheikh Sheikh Abdullah Ad-Daghistani; Selected lectures Summer 1406 A. H. (1986 C. E.); London, Germany, Switzerland. Konya: Sebat.
  • Haqqani, Nazim. 1987. Mercy oceans: Serendib edition; Transcript of lectures. Colombo: Council of Thareeqathun Naqshbandhia.
  • Al-Qubrusi, Sheikh Nazim Adil. 1988. Mercy Oceans' Hidden Treasures, 2nd ed. Konya, Turkey: Sebat.
  • Daghistānī, ʻAbd Allāh al-Naqshbandī, Nazim Haqqani. 1988. The Naqshbandi way: a guidebook for spiritual progress; The spiritual exercises of the Naqshbandi Sufi path according to the instructions of Sultan Ul-Awliya Sheikh Abdullah Ad-Daghistani. Konya, Turkey: Mercy Oceans publications.
  • An-Naqshabandi, Sheikh Nazim Adil Al-Haqqani. 1989. Mercy Oceans Saphires from Serendib. Colombo, Sri Lanka: Arafat Publishing House.
  • Naqshbandi, Muhammad Nazim Adil al-Haqqani. 1990. From Dunya to Maule: (from here to hereafter). İstanbul: Sebil Yayınevi.
  • An-Naqshabandi, Sheikh Nazim Adil Al-Haqqani. 1990. Mercy Oceans' Emeralds of Eden: Lectures of a Sufi Grandsheikh. Colombo, Sri Lanka: Peacock Printers.
  • –––. 1992. Natural medicines. London: Ta-Ha.
  • Naqshbandi, Muhammad Nazim Adil al-Haqqani. 1994. Mystical secrets of the last days. Los Altos, CA: Haqqani Islamic Trust for New Muslims.
  • Haqqani Naqshbandia, Sheikh Nazim al al-. 1994. Keys to paradise. London: Zero Productions.
  • Naqshbandi, Muhammad Nazim Adil al-Haqqani. 1994. The divine kingdom. Los Altos, CA: Haqqani Islamic Trust for New Muslims.
  • Haqqani, Sheik Nazim. 1995. Natural medicines: traditional Sufi healing methods. London: Zero Productions.
  • al-Haqqani, Nazim. 1995. Power oceans of light. London: Zero Publications.
  • Naqshbandi, Muhammad Nazim Adil al-Haqqani. 1995. When will peace come to earth?: Oh people, don't waste. London: Zero Productions.
  • Haqqani, Nazim. 1996. Secret desires: talks given in 1996 in Germany and Great Britain by a sufi master of our time. London: Zero Productions.
  • Naqshbandi, Muhammad Nazim Adil al-Haqqani. 1997. Defending truth: associations with a Sufi master of our time. London: Zero Productions.
  • Nāẓim ʻAdl al-Ḥaqqānī, Muḥammad. 1997. Islam the freedom to serve: Suhbats, aphorisms, and stories. Bonndorf im Schwarzwald: Gorski und Spohr.
  • al-Haqqani, Sheikh Nazim. 1998. Pure hearts. London: Zero Productions.
  • Naqshbandi, Muhammad Nazim Adil al-Haqqani. 1998. Secret desires. London: Healing Hearts / Zero Productions.
  • –––. 1998. Star from heaven: talks given in 1995 by a Sufi master of our time in England, Germany, Switzerland and Italy. London: Zero Productions.
  • –––. 2002. In the mystic footsteps of saints. 2 vols. Fenton Mich: Naqshbandi Haqqani Sufi Order.
  • Al-Haqqani, Shaykh Nazim Adil. 2002-2007. Liberating the soul: a guide for spiritual growth. 6 vols. [S.l.]: Islamic Supreme Council of America.
  • Naqshbandi, Muhammad Nazim Adil al-Haqqani, and Muhammad Hisham Kabbani. 2004. Naqshbandi awrad of Mawlana Shaykh Muhammad Nazim Adil al-Haqqani. Fenton, MI: Islamic Supreme Council of America.
  • Naqshbandi, Muhammad Nazim Adil al-Haqqani. 2006. The path to spiritual excellence. Fenton, MI: Islamic Supreme Council of America.
  • Naqshbandi, Muhammad Nazim Adil al-Haqqani. 2007. Through the eye of the needle: Counsel for Spiritual Survival in the Last Days. Fenton, Mich: Institute for Spiritual & Cultural Advancement.
  • Al-Haqqani, Mawlana Sheikh Nazim, and Hamidah Torres. 2008. Sufi spiritual practices for polishing the mirror in the heart. [Mar de Plata, Argentina]: SereSereS.
  • Al-Haqqani, Mawlana Sheikh Nazim. 2008. Love sufi teachings and spiritual practices. Málaga: SereSereS.
  • Naqshbandi, Muhammad Nazim Adil al-Haqqani. 2010. The Sufilive series. Fenton, MI: Institute for Spiritual and Cultural Advancement (ISCA).
  • Naqshbandi, Muhammad Nazim Adil al-Haqqani, and Muhammad Hisham Kabbani. 2010. Spiritual discourses of Sultan al-Awliya Mawlana Shaykh Muhammad Nazim Adil Al-Haqqani. Fenton, MI: Institute for Spiritual and Cultural Advancement (ISCA).
  • –––. 2010. Breaths from beyond the curtain: spiritual guidance of the Naqshbandi Sufi Masters. Fenton, Mich: Institute for Spiritual and Cultural Advancement.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bottcher, Dr Annabelle. "The Naqshbandiyya in the United States". Archived from the original on 2007-08-23. Retrieved 2007-06-13. 
  2. ^ a b "The 500 Most Influential Muslims, 2009-2013". Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g 'The Naqshbandi Sufi Way' by Hisham Kabbani. KAZI Publications, 1995. Biography
  4. ^ Böttcher, Annabelle (2006). "Religious Authority in Transnational Sufi Networks: Shaykh Nazim al-Qubrusi al-Haqqani al-Naqshbandi". In Krämer, Gudrun; Schmidte, Sabine. Speaking for Islam: Religious Authorities in Muslim Societies. Leiden: Brill. pp. 241–268. ISBN 900414949X. Retrieved November 24, 2014. 
  5. ^ Nazim al-Haqqani, Magnificence. Saltanat: The Majesty and Magnificence of Islam, vol. 9, #8. December 2011.
  6. ^ "Islamic scholar Shaykh Nazım dies at the age of 92". 
  7. ^ "Cypriot leading figure of Islam's Sufi branch dies". 

Further reading[edit]

  • Ron Geaves, The Sufis of Britain: An Exploration of Muslim Identity (Cardiff Academic Press, Cardiff 2000), pp. 145 – 156
  • Ludwig Schleßmann, Sufismus in Deutschland: Deutsche auf dem Weg des mystischen Islam (Bo¨hlau, Cologne 2003), pp. 43 –136
  • Jørgen S Nielsen, ‘Transnational Islam and the Integration of Islam in Europe’ in Stefano Allievi and Jørgen S Nielsen (eds), Muslim Networks and Transnational Communities in and across Europe (Brill, Leiden 2003) 28 –51.
  • David Damrel, ‘Aspects of the Naqshbandi-Haqqani Order in America’ in Jamal Malik and John R. Hinnells (eds.), Sufism in the West (Routledge, Abingdon, 2006).
  • Jørgen S Nielsen, Mustafa Draper and Galina Yemelianova, ‘Transnational Sufism: The Haqqaniyya’ in Jamal Malik and John R. Hinnells (eds), Sufism in the West (Routledge, Abingdon 2006), pp. 103– 114.
  • Simon Stjernholm, ‘A Translocal Sufi Movement: Developments among Naqshbandi-Haqqani in London’ in Catharina Raudvere and Leif Stenberg (eds), Sufism Today: Heritage and Tradition in the Global Community (I.B. Tauris, London 2009), pp. 83 – 101.
  • Simon Stjernholm, Lovers of Muhammad: A Study of Naqshbandi-Haqqani Sufis in the Twenty-First Century (Lund University, Lund, 2011).

External links[edit]