Nazim Al-Haqqani

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Nazim Al-Haqqani
Sheij Nazim al Haqqani.jpg
Born Mehmet Nazım Adil
(1922-04-21)21 April 1922
Larnaca, Cyprus
Died 7 May 2014(2014-05-07) (aged 92)
Nicosia, Turkish-Cyprus
Occupation Former leader of the Naqshbandi-Haqqani Sufi Order
Religion Sunni, Sufi Islam
Website
www.Saltanat.org

Mehmet Nâzım Adil (Arabic: محمد ناظم الحقاني ‎, April 21, 1922 CE / Sha'ban 23, 1340 AH – May 7, 2014), formally referred to as Muhammad Nazim Adil al-Qubrusi al-Haqqani (Turkish: Nazım Kıbrısi), often called Shaykh Nazim, was a Turkish Cypriot Sufi Sheikh and former leader of the Naqshbandi-Haqqani Order.[1]

Born in Larnaca, Cyprus, Haqqani is claimed by followers to descend from a lineage including the 11th-century Sufi Saint Abdul Qadir Jilani and 13th-century mystical poet Jalaluddin Rumi.[2] He was fluent in Turkish (native), Greek and Arabic and could also speak English.

Early life

Courtyard of Sheikh Nazim's Dergah, Lefke, Northern Cyprus.

Having completed secondary education in 1940 at the age of 18, Haqqani moved to Istanbul, where two brothers and a sister were living. He studied chemical outwars engineering at Istanbul University. While advancing his non-religious studies, he continued his education in Islamic theology and the Arabic language under the tutelage of Cemalettin Elassonli. Shaykh Nazim studied chemical engineering, yet he would later state, "I felt no attraction to modern science; my heart was always drawn to the spiritual sciences."[2]

During his first year in Istanbul Haqqani met his first spiritual guide, Suleyman Erzurumi, who was a spiritual leader in the Naqshbandi Sufi order.[2] Shortly after obtaining his degree, Nazim received inspiration to go to Damascus in order to find the Naqshbandi leader Shaykh Abdullah Fa'izi ad-Daghestani. He left Istanbul and arrived in Syria in 1944, but the unrest caused by the Vichy French government prevented his entry into Damascus until 1945.[2]

While in Cyprus, Mawlana Shaykh Nazim came into conflict with pro-Atatürk governing body of the Turkish community of the island. However, all these were dropped shortly thereafter, with the coming to power of Adnan Menderes in Turkey, whose government chose a more tolerant approach to Islamic traditions.[2]

Mawlana Shaykh Nazim moved back to Damascus in 1952, though every year he visited Cyprus for at least three months.[2]

Living abroad

In the year following the death of Shaykh Abdullah Fa'izi ad-Daghestani in 1973, Haqqani began visiting Western Europe, travelling every year from the Middle East to London. While in the United Kingdom, Haqqani was a teacher and associate of esoteric Christian and spiritualist John G. Bennett.[3][4] Among Mawlana Shaykh Nazim's students and devotees are Hisham Kabbani, Gibril Haddad and Stephen Suleyman Schwartz.

In 1997, Mawlana Shaykh Nazim visited Daghestan, the homeland of one of his spiritual leaders, Shaykh Abdullah Fa'izi ad-Daghestani. He also made repeated visits to Uzbekistan where he made the pilgrimage to the tomb of the eponymous founder of the Naqshbandi Order, Baha-ud-Din Naqshband Bukhari.[2]

In 1991, Mawlana Shaykh Nazim visited the United States for the first time, at the invitation of his son-in-law and representative Shaykh Hisham Kabbani. At that time Haqqani made the first of four nationwide tours.

In 1998, Mawlana Shaykh Nazim was the chief guest of honor at the Second International Islamic Unity Conference, held in Washington, D.C. Later in the same year, Mawlana Shaykh Nazim traveled to South Africa and visited Cape Town, Johannesburg and Durban.

Critique

Political opinions

Haqqani had been involved in the political realm as well. In the 2000s, he declared that former President of the United States George W. Bush and former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Tony Blair had achieved sainthood in Islam due to their efforts in "fighting tyrants and evil and devils."[5] Having been born just before the fall of the Ottoman Empire, Haqqani was an admirer of the Empire's history and civilization, as opposed to the modern-day Republic of Turkey to which Haqqani's feelings were lukewarm.[6]

Death

Haqqani had been receiving intense care since April 17 when he rushed from his home in Lefka to the Near East University Hospital in Nicosia after suffering from respiratory problems. He died at the age of 92 in Northern Cyprus.[7] [8]

References

  1. ^ Bottcher, Dr Annabelle. "The Naqshbandiyya in the United States". Archived from the original on 2007-08-23. Retrieved 2007-06-13. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g 'The Naqshbandi Sufi Way' by Hisham Kabbani. KAZI Publications, 1995. Biography
  3. ^ Haqqani's relationship with Gurdjieff.
  4. ^ Haqqani speaking at Gurdjieff events.
  5. ^ George Bush and Tony Blair at Sufusmus Online.
  6. ^ Nazim al-Haqqani, Magnificence. Saltanat: The Majesty and Magnificence of Islam, vol. 9, #8. December 2011.
  7. ^ "Islamic scholar Shaykh Nazım dies at the age of 92". 
  8. ^ "Cypriot leading figure of Islam's Sufi branch dies". 

External links