Nazir Ahmed Khan

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Nazir
Other names Nazir Sahib, Bao Jee
Occupation Actor, film director, film producer
Children Afzal Nazir, Suraiya Nazir, Akhtar Nazir, Aslam Nazir, Ismat Nazir

Nazir (also written as 'Nazir Ahmad Khan') (1910–1983) was a Pakistani/Indian film actor, director and producer. He was the first successful film hero in pre-independent India and later in Pakistan.[1] Nazir was associated with almost two hundred films during his career, which spanned over a period of 55 years. Nazir Ahmed was widely known as Bao Jee in the film industries in India and in Pakistan.[2]

Career[edit]

It was in the late 1920s when Nazir went to Calcutta along with A.R. Kardar, and appeared in a character role in Kardar's Sarfarosh (aka 'The Daring One') in 1929. Kardar later made Heer in which Nazir played the role of the Qazi. Both these films are from the silent era. He also did a secondary role in Kardar's Mysterious Bandit.[3]

Nazir's artistic elegance and excellent command over acting won him applaud all across the industry and resulted in him going to Bombay. During this period he was casted in important leading roles in 'Rajputana Ka Sher', 'Chandaal Chaukri', 'Badmaash Ka Baita' and 'Pahari Sawar'. In 1934 he went back to Calcutta on the request of his old friend Kardar to act in important roles in his productions of 'Chandra Gupta', 'Sultana', 'Milaap', 'Mandar', 'Night Bird' and 'Aab-e-Hayat'. He also worked as the lead in Ezra Mir's 'Badroohi' and 'Zareena'.[3]


In Calcutta Nazir won laurels for his dynamic role of Chanakiya in 'Chandra Gupta'. Nazir had his head shaved off completely to authentically perform the role of the cunning prime minister. In 1939, both Nazir and Kardar moved to Bombay and under Kardar's banner he performed his most well remembered and renowned character role in 'Baghbaan', which besides creating box office records also established Nazir's name as one of the most well refined sensitive and matured actor of his era.[3]


Nazir was one of the pioneers of the film industry in India. He is the only hero in history to have been cast opposite 35 actresses most of whom were the reigning queens of their time. Nazir started producing and directing films under the banner of Hind Pictures and established a Studio in Bombay under the same name, although this did not stop him from accepting assignments from other producers.[3]


Nazir was associated with almost 200 films during his career, which spanned over a period of 55 years. Only a few artistes have contributed more to the development of cinema in the sub-continent than Nazir. He was a talented actor, a vibrant director and an astute producer.

Shokh Dilruba, Sher ka Panja, Shama, Midnight Mail, Swami Pooja, Apni Nagaria, Laila Majnu, Wamaq Azra, Sandesha, Kaljug, Society, Chher Chhar, Aabroo, Salma, Gaon Ki Gori, Maa Baap ki Laaj, Yaadgar, Malika and Abida and several other hit films of that era are credited to his name. He also produced and directed many of them. Most of the films directed by him became Silver Jubilee hits.[3]


Nazir started 'Hind Pictures'. Nazir's studio and the offices of Hind Pictures were burnt down during the independence riots in 1946–47 and in 1947, Nazir migrated to Pakistan. He left everything he had behind in Bombay and shifted to Lahore. He started from scratch and in the process became one of the pioneers of the Pakistan film industry.[3]


He produced and directed Saachai, as his first film in the newly born Pakistan. It was followed by the first Silver Jubilee film of Pakistani Cinema, Pheray. Nazir completed Pheray in just one month, followed by Larey. His other movies include Shehri Babu, Anokhi Daastan, Shamaa, Heer, Khatoon, Noor-e-Islam and Azmat-e-Islam.[3]


During the 1960s, he disassociated himself from Pakistani cinema, with the decline in this industry. He could not reconcile himself with the qualitatively declining trends in this industry.[3]


Life[edit]

Nazir was married to his cousin Sikandara Begum, who was the sister of K. Asif, the legendary director of Mughal-e-Azam. He later married Swaran Lata. He left the world for his eternal ethereal abode in August 1983. Today, the son of Late Nazir, Akhtar Nazir Khan aka Cooki is intensively engaged in reviving the Pakistani Cinema and works hard to provide the audience both home and abroad with the same perfectly mastered and creative films that once were a pride of the Legacy of Legends in the Sub-Continental Cinema.[3]


Filmography[edit]

  • Sawaal (1966)
  • Haveli (1964)
  • Billo Jee (1962)
  • Shama (1959)
  • Noor-e-Islam (1957)
  • Sabira (1956)
  • Soteeli Maa (1956)
  • Wehshi (1956)
  • Hameeda (1956)
  • Nagin (1955)
  • Naukar (1955)
  • Khatoon (1952)
  • Bheegi Palkain (1950)
  • Anokhi Dastan (1950)
  • Humari Basti (1950)
  • Ghalat Fahmi (1950)
  • Laraay (1949)
  • Pheray (1949)
  • Sachchai (1947)
  • Heer (1946)
  • Wamaq Azra (1946)
  • Gaoon Ki Gori (1945)
  • Laila Majnu (1945)
  • Naatak (1944)
  • Maa Baap (1941)
  • Swami (1941)
  • Taj Mahal (1940)
  • Apni Nagariya (1939)
  • Joshe Islam (1938)
  • Baghban (1938)
  • Bhabi (1938)
  • Sitara Tanzi (1937)
  • Dukhiyari (1936)
  • Pratima (1935)
  • Delhi Ka Thug (1934)
  • Iraq Ka Chor (1934)
  • Chandragupta (1934)
  • Debbie does Delhi(1934)
  • Night Bird (1933)
  • Abe Hayat (1933)
  • Lal-e-Yaman (1932)
  • Zarina (1932)
  • Sarfarosh (1930)[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bhatti, Arshad (27 August 2013). "Bao Jee's Anniversary goes unnoticed". The Nation. Retrieved 24 May 2014. 
  2. ^ "Nazir Ahmed Khan". urduwire.com. Retrieved 22 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Khan, Asif. "Nazir Ahmad Khan". A walk down memory lane. Urduwire. Retrieved 24 May 2014. 
  4. ^ "A walk down memory lane with legendary filmmaker Nazir Ahmed Khan By Asif Nazir Khan". Pakistan Today. 26 August 2011. Retrieved 26 August 2011. 

External links[edit]