NeXT Computer

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NeXT Computer
First Web Server.jpg
NeXT Computer used by Berners-Lee at CERN
Manufacturer NeXT, Fremont, California, plant
Type Workstation
Release date October 12, 1988
Introductory price US$6500
Discontinued 1990
Operating system NeXTSTEP, OPENSTEP
Power 300 Watts, 3 Amperes
CPU Motorola 68030 @ 25 MHz, 68882 FPU @ 25 MHz, 56001 digital signal processor (DSP) @ 25 MHz
Memory shipped with 8 MiB, expandable to 16 MiB using 1 MiB Single Inline Memory Modules (SIMMs)
Storage 256 MiB magneto-optical drive, optional hard disk
Display MegaPixel 17" monitor
Graphics 1120×832 pixel resolution, four-level grayscale
Sound built-in speakers
Input 85-key keyboard, 2-button mouse
Connectivity Ethernet
Dimensions 1-foot (305 mm) die-cast magnesium cube-shaped case
Successor NeXTcube

The NeXT Computer (also called the NeXT Computer System) is a workstation computer developed, manufactured, and sold by NeXT Inc., a company founded by Steve Jobs and several other veterans of the Macintosh and Lisa teams, from 1988 until 1990. It ran the Mach- and BSD-derived, Unix-based NeXTSTEP operating system, with a unique GUI using a Display PostScript-based back end. The motherboard is square and fit into one of four identical slots in the enclosure. The NeXT Computer enclosure consisted of a 1-foot (305 mm) die-cast magnesium cube-shaped, black case, which led to the machine being informally referred to as "The Cube". It cost US$6,500.

The NeXT Computer was succeeded by the NeXTcube, an upgraded model, in 1990.


The NeXT Computer was not a great commercial success at the level of high volume personal computers such as the Apple II, the Macintosh, or Microsoft Windows PCs; some of the workstations were sold to universities, financial institutions, and government agencies however.


A NeXT Computer and its object oriented development tools and libraries were used by Tim Berners-Lee and Robert Cailliau at CERN to develop the world's first web server software, CERN HTTPd, and also used to write the first web browser, WorldWideWeb.

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