Neak Pean

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Neak Pean
The central pond at Neak Pean
The central pond at Neak Pean
Neak Pean is located in Cambodia
Neak Pean
Neak Pean
Location in Cambodia
Coordinates: 13°27′47″N 103°53′40″E / 13.46306°N 103.89444°E / 13.46306; 103.89444Coordinates: 13°27′47″N 103°53′40″E / 13.46306°N 103.89444°E / 13.46306; 103.89444
Name
Proper name: Neak Pean
Location
Country: Cambodia
Location: Angkor
Architecture and culture
Primary deity: Buddha
Architectural styles: Khmer
History
Date built:
(Current structure)
second half of the 12th century[1]
Creator: Jayavarman VII

Neak Pean (or Neak Poan) [2] (Khmer: ប្រាសាទនាគព័ន្ធ) ("The entwined serpents") at Angkor, Cambodia is an artificial island with a Buddhist temple on a circular island in Preah Khan Baray built during the reign of King Jayavarman VII. It is the "Mebon" of the Preah Khan baray (the "Jayatataka" of the inscription).[3]

Etymology[edit]

Some historians believe that Neak Pean represents Anavatapta, a mythical lake in the Himalayas whose waters are thought to cure all illness.[4] The name is derived from the sculptures of snakes (Nāga) running around the base of the temple structure, neak being the Khmer rendering of the Sanskrit naga. "They are Nanda and Upananda, two nagas traditionally associated with Lake Anavatapta."[5]

History[edit]

Layout of Neak Pean

Neak Pean was originally designed for medical purposes (the ancients believed that going into these pools would balance the elements in the bather, thus curing disease); it is one of the many hospitals that Jayavarman VII built. It is based on the ancient Hindu belief of balance. Four connected pools represent Water, Earth, Fire and Wind. Each is connected to the central water source, the main tank, by a stone conduit "presided over by one of Four Great Animals (maha ajaneya pasu) namely Elephant, Bull, Horse, and Lion, corresponding to the north, east, south, and west quarters....The stone conduits in the little pavilions are fashioned to represent the heads of the Four Great Animals...the only exception being that on the east, which represents a human head instead of a bull's."[6] Originally, four sculptures stood on the floor of the lake. The only remaining statue is that of the horse Balaha, a form of the bodhisattva Avalokitesvara, saving sailors from the ogresses of Tamradvipa. The temple on the lake was originally dedicated to Avalokitesvara. Willetts believed that "this is Jayavarman as he would have wished to have appeared to his people"[7]

Zhou Daguan refers to Neak Pean in his visit to Angkor in the late 13th century.

References[edit]

  1. ^ tourism of cambodia
  2. ^ "Angkor:Temples & Sites - Neak Poan". ASPARA. 2004. Retrieved 18 December 2012. 
  3. ^ Angkor
  4. ^ Asian Historical Architecture
  5. ^ Willett, William. An Angkor Roundabout. Unpublished manuscript, undated. Soon to be published online (2014) by the Southeast Asian Ceramic Society (Singapore)
  6. ^ Willetts, William.
  7. ^ Willetts, William.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]