Neamț County

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Neamţ
County
Coat of arms of Neamţ
Coat of arms
Administrative map of Romania with Neamţ county highlighted
Coordinates: 46°58′N 26°24′E / 46.97°N 26.4°E / 46.97; 26.4Coordinates: 46°58′N 26°24′E / 46.97°N 26.4°E / 46.97; 26.4
Country Romania
Development region Nord-Est
Historic region Moldavia
Capital Piatra Neamț
Area
 • Total 5,896 km2 (2,276 sq mi)
Area rank 18th
Population (2006)
 • Total 570,367
 • Rank 15th
 • Density 97/km2 (250/sq mi)
Telephone code (+40) 233 or (+40) 333[1]
ISO 3166 code RO-NT
Website County Council
Prefecture

Neamț (Romanian pronunciation: [ne̯amt͡s]) is a county (județ) of Romania, in the historic region of Moldavia, with the county seat at Piatra Neamț.

Demographics[edit]

In 2011, it had a population of 452,900 and a population density of 76.81/km².

Year County population[3]
1948 357,348
1956 Increase 419,949
1966 Increase 470,206
1977 Increase 532,096
1992 Increase 577,619
2002 Decrease 554,516
2004 Increase 570,367
2011 Decrease 452,900

Geography[edit]

Bistrița Valley

This county has an area of 5,896 km².

The relief decreases from west to east. In the western part, there are mountains, the Eastern Carpathians, with heights of over 1800m and the impressive peak of Mount Ceahlău. Along the Bicaz River lies the canyon of Cheile Bicazului. Construction of the Bicaz Dam in the 1950s on the Bistrița River led to the formation of the Lake Bicaz (Lake Izvorul Muntelui), Romania's largest artificial lake.[4]

On the western side, the lowest point, at about 160m, is found along Siret River's valley.

Neighbours[edit]

Economy[edit]

The Bicaz Dam

County's main industries:

  • Chemical industry;
  • Mechanical parts;
  • Textiles;
  • Food stuffs;
  • Construction materials.

One of the greatest dams in Romania, the Bicaz Dam is built along the Bistrița River, forming the Bicaz Lake; the water of the lake is used for electricity production at Bicaz-Stejaru Hydroelectric Power Station.

Tourism[edit]

The church of Văratec Monastery
Ceahlău Massif

Neamț county is known as the region with the most monasteries to be found per square kilometer in the world.[citation needed] The monumental church of Neamț Monastery has been a model for Moldavian churches and monasteries. The Moldavian art style, of great originality and stylistic unity, was developed by blending Gothic elements with Byzantine motifs.

The county is host to two of Romania's 9 national parks: Ceahlău Massif and Vânători-Neamț Natural Park

County's main tourist attractions include

  • The city of Piatra Neamț, with its medieval square and ski facilities;
  • The city of Roman

Administrative divisions[edit]

Roman

Neamț County has 2 municipalities, 3 towns and 78 communes

Natives[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie"
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002"
  4. ^ National Institute of Statistics, Geography, meteorology and environment, 2006

External links[edit]