Neapoli Voion

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Neapoli Voion
Νεάπολη Βοιών
Location
Neapoli Voion is located in Greece
Neapoli Voion
Neapoli Voion
Coordinates 36°30′N 23°3′E / 36.500°N 23.050°E / 36.500; 23.050Coordinates: 36°30′N 23°3′E / 36.500°N 23.050°E / 36.500; 23.050
Government
Country: Greece
Administrative region: Peloponnese
Regional unit: Laconia
Municipality: Monemvasia
Population statistics (as of 2011)[1]
Village
 - Population: 3,090
Community
 - Population: 3,130
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Auto: AK

Neapoli Voion or Neapolis Voion (Greek: Νεάπολη Βοιών) also named Vatika (Greek: Βάτικα) is a Greek small town in Laconia prefecture. It is built near the south end of Malea peninsula, close to the Cape Maleas. It is 335 km southeast of Athens and 115 km south of Sparta. Its port is the gateway for the island of south Peloponnese such as Kythera, Antikythera and Elafonisos. Neapoli is the part of Monemvasia municipality and Voies municipal unit. Its population is 3090 residents according to 2011 census

History[edit]

Neapoli is built on the same site as the ancient Laconian city of Boeae, built in the 10th or 9th century BC by the Heracleid Boeus.[2] The city laterbecame part of the city-state of Sparta. During the early Roman era the city belonged to the Koinon of Free Laconians and flourished. The city later declined and was completely destroyed in 375 AD by a massive earthquake.[2][3] In the Middle Ages, the name was corrupted to Vatika, which is still used for the local citadel. In modern times in this place there was a village after the name Pezoula. In 1837 the Bavarian architect Birbach designed the street plan of a new town that was named Neapoli ("New Town").[3][4]

Historical population[edit]

Census Settlement Community
1991 2,469
2001 2,727 2,751
2011 3,090 3,130

Tourism[edit]

Offshore from Neapoli is the small island Elafonisos that is famous for its big sandy beaches. Beautiful beaches there are also around Neapoli. The most popular are the sandy beaches Neratzionas and Maganos. Near Neapoli, at the village of Kastania, is located the Kastania Cave known also as Cave of Agios Andreas. It is an impressive cave of 1,500 square meters surface.[5] An interesting village close to Neapolis is Faraklo. It was built by the Venetians and was the most important village of the area during Venetian rule and later Ottoman rule.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Detailed census results 2011 (Greek)
  2. ^ a b "history of Vies". monemvasia.gr. Retrieved 29 July 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Neapolis". visitvatika.gr. Retrieved 29 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "Νεάπολη". monemvasia.gov.gr. Retrieved 29 July 2014. 
  5. ^ "Kastania cave". monemvasia.gr. Retrieved 29 July 2014. 
  6. ^ "Φαρακλό". monemvasia.gov.gr. Retrieved 29 July 2014.