Near net shape
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Near net shape is an industrial manufacturing technique. The name implies that the initial production of the item is very close to the final (net) shape, reducing the need for surface finishing. Reducing traditional finishing such as machining or grinding eliminates more than two-thirds of the production costs in some industries.
The following are various near net shape process categorized by material.
- Casting
- Powder metallurgy
- Linear friction welding
- Metal injection molding
- Rapid prototyping
- Spray forming
- Superplastic forming
- Cold forming
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