Nechervan Barzani

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Nechirvan Idris Barzani
نێچیرڤان به‌رزانی
Nechervan Barzani May 2014 (cropped).jpg
Prime Minister of Iraqi Kurdistan
Incumbent
Assumed office
7 March 2012
President Massoud Barzani
Preceded by Barham Salih
In office
1 March 2006 – 31 August 2009
President Massoud Barzani
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Barham Salih
Prime Minister of Iraqi Kurdistan (KDP)
In office
20 December 1999 – 14 June 2005
President Massoud Barzani
Preceded by Rowsch Shaways
Succeeded by Position abolished
Personal details
Born (1966-09-21) 21 September 1966 (age 47)
Barzan, Iraq
Political party Kurdistan Democratic Party
Spouse(s) Nabila Barzani
Alma mater University of Tehran
Religion Sunni Islam

Nechirvan Idris Barzani (Kurdish: نێچیرڤان به‌رزانی), or Kurdish: Nêçîrvan Îdrîs Barzanî) (born 21 September 1966) is a Kurdish politician who has been Prime Minister of the Kurdistan Regional Government of Iraqi Kurdistan since March 2012. He also previously served as Prime Minister from March 2006 to August 2009.

Early years[edit]

Barzani was born in 1966 in the Barzan region of Iraqi Kurdistan.[1] The word Nêçîr means hunt in the Kurdish language, and Nêçîrvan means the hunter. Also, the word Naxçir means hunt in Persian and Naxçirban means hunter. This is a name used for ethnic Kurdish males. Barzani as a surname reflects the individual's origin from Barzan. In 1975, his family was forced into exile in Iran. He often accompanied his father, Idris, on official visits to Middle Eastern and European countries, a foreshadowing of his future political career. Following the sudden death of his father, he took up an active role in Kurdish politics, working in PDK youth organizations. He is the grandson of PDK (Kurdistan Democratic Party) founder Mustafa Barzani as well as nephew of the current president of the Iraqi Kurdistan Region, Massoud Barzani.[1]

Political activity[edit]

Nehichirvan Barzani Prime Minister of KRG Greets Condoleezza Rice United States Secretary of State at Erbil International Airport, October 6, 2006.

Barzani was elected to the KDP central committee at its 10th Congress in 1989 and re-elected at the 11th Congress in 1993, when he assumed a position in the political bureau. After the 1991 Gulf War, he participated in the negotiations with the Iraqi government. In 1996, he was appointed deputy prime minister of the Kurdistan Democratic Party's controlled region in Iraqi Kurdistan. Following the unification process in 2005 between the main Kurdish parties and the formation of the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG), elections were held. In 2006, Barzani was selected as the Prime Minister of the KRG. His term was expected to end in 2008 but after an agreement by the majority coalition in power, Barzani's term was extended until the elections of 2009.

From September 2009 to January 2012, a Kurdish politician from the ruling KDP-PUK coalition, Barham Salih, replaced Barzani as prime minister. Barzani was reappointed as prime minister in 2012 as part of a political agreement by the ruling coalition.[2]

Many of Barzani's supporters believe that he played an important role in developing the Kurdistan Region. During his first term as prime minister, his supporters nicknamed his cabinet as "The Development Cabinet" praising his work in the development of the Kurdistan region.[3]

Personal life[edit]

Washington & Jefferson College presented Barzani with honorary degree and the ceremony was held on May 17, 2008.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Rubin, Michael (October 2002). "Interview: Nechervan Idris Barzani". Middle East Intelligence Bulletin 4 (10). Retrieved 15 June 2012. 
  2. ^ Razzouk, Nayla (5 March 2012). "Nechirvan Barzani to Take Over as Iraq Kurd Premier on March 7". Bloomberg. 
  3. ^ a b [1][dead link]
Political offices
Preceded by
Rowsch Shaways
Prime Minister of Iraqi Kurdistan (KDP)
1999–2005
Position abolished
New office Prime Minister of Iraqi Kurdistan
2006–2009
Succeeded by
Barham Salih
Preceded by
Barham Salih
Prime Minister of Iraqi Kurdistan
2012–present
Incumbent