Neckargemünd

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Neckargemünd
View of the town
View of the town
Coat of arms of Neckargemünd
Coat of arms
Neckargemünd   is located in Germany
Neckargemünd
Neckargemünd
Coordinates: 49°23′38″N 08°47′51″E / 49.39389°N 8.79750°E / 49.39389; 8.79750Coordinates: 49°23′38″N 08°47′51″E / 49.39389°N 8.79750°E / 49.39389; 8.79750
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Karlsruhe
District Rhein-Neckar-Kreis
Government
 • Mayor Horst Althoff
Area
 • Total 26.15 km2 (10.10 sq mi)
Elevation 127 m (417 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 13,078
 • Density 500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 69151
Dialling codes 06223
Vehicle registration HD
Website www.neckargemuend.de

Neckargemünd is a town in Germany, in the district of Rhein-Neckar-Kreis, state of Baden-Württemberg. It lies on the Neckar, 10 km upriver from Heidelberg at the confluence with the river Elsenz.[2] This confluence of the two rivers is the origin of the name, as Neckargemünd means confluence of the Neckar. As of 2006, there were 14,122 inhabitants.

History[edit]

The region has been occupied by people for a half a million years as shown by the find of Homo heidelbergensis in nearby Mauer in 1907. Stone shards and stone axes have been found from the Early Stone Age. During Roman times the area was settled by Celts and Suebi. Grave stones from the 2nd and 3rd century in Kleingemünd show Celtic names. From the end of the 5th century the Franks held sway over the region. An iron spear tip and two iron arrow heads were left behind in Neckargemünd.[2]

Neckargemünd was founded in the 10th century, most likely as a fishing village. Neckargemünd was first mentioned by name in documents in 988. Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor enfeoffed Hildebald, Bishop of Worms, with the royal forests around Wimpfen and Neckarbischofsheim. Neckargemünd was named as the northwest corner of this area: a loco Gemundi ubi Elisinzia fluvius influit Neccaro fluvio. The counts of Lauffen also played a role in the region after making Dilsberg the seat of their domain.[2] Neckargemünd became a free town in 1286. In 1395 it passed to the elector palatine and, together with the surrounding district, became part of Baden in 1814.

Burroughs[edit]

Neckargemünd includes a number of burroughs (Ortsteile) not part of the core settlement Neckargemünd. These are Kleingemünd (since 1907), Dilsberg including Neuhof, Dilsbergerhof, and Rainbach (since 1973), Waldhilsbach (since 1974), and Mückenloch (since 1975). Dilsberg hosts Bergfeste Dilsberg.[2]

International relations[edit]

Greek tavern in Neckargemuend

Neckargemünd is twinned with the following cities:[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012 (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 12 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Stadtgeschichte Neckargemünd" (in German). Neckargemünd. Retrieved 2 August 2010. 
  3. ^ "Partnerstlädte und Verbindungen" (in German). Neckargemünd. Retrieved 3 August 2010. 

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

External links[edit]