Nectanebo I

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Nectanabo (or more properly Nekhtnebef) was an Egyptian pharaoh and the founder of the Thirtieth dynasty of Egypt.

In 380 BC, Nectanebo deposed and killed Nefaarud II, starting the last dynasty of Egyptian kings. He seems to have spent much of his reign defending his kingdom from Persian reconquest with the occasional help of troops from Athens or Sparta.

Sphinx of Nectanebo I at the entrance of the Luxor temple

He is also known as a great builder who erected many monuments and temples throughout his long and stable 18-year reign. Nectanebo I restored numerous dilapidated temples throughout Egypt and erected a small kiosk on the sacred island of Philae which would become one of the most important religious sites in Ancient Egypt.[1] This was the first phase of the temple of Isis at Philae; he also built at Elkab, Memphis and the Delta sites of Saft el-Hinna and Tanis.[2] He also significantly erected a stela before a pylon of Ramesses II at Hermopolis.[3] He also built the first pylon in the temple of Karnak. From about 365 BC, Nectanebo was a co-regent with his son Teos, who succeeded him. When he died in 362 BC, Teos succeeded his father on the throne for two years.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Peter Clayton, Chronicle of the Pharaohs, Thames & Hudson Ltd, 1994. p.203
  2. ^ Nicolas Grimal, A History of Ancient Egypt, Blackwell Books: 1992, p.377
  3. ^ Allan B. Lloyd, "The Late Period" in 'The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt,' ed. Ian Shaw, Oxford University Press, 2000. p.386

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Preceded by
Nefaarud II
Pharaoh of Egypt Succeeded by