|Type||Limited liability company|
|Predecessors||Netherlands Car B.V. (NedCar)|
|Founded||1967 (DAF Born)
August 1991 (NedCar)
December 2012 (VDL Nedcar)
|Key people||Joost Govaarts (Director)|
|Revenue||€1,120.9 million (2006)|
|Net income||€15.3 million (2006)|
|Employees||c. 1,500 (2012)|
VDL Nedcar is an automotive manufacturing company based in Born, Netherlands, owned by the Dutch coach manufacturer VDL Groep since December 2012. Previously it was owned by Mitsubishi Motors and Volvo, and has its origins as a DAF factory, being officially inaugurated in June 1968.
It is the only large-scale car manufacturer in the Netherlands, based in Born on a 927,000 sqm site, it has a production capacity of approximately 200,000 vehicles per year, and produced its millionth vehicle, a Mitsubishi Space Star, on October 4, 2000. The factory itself has produced more than 4.5 million cars since 1967.
The factory was founded in 1967 by the former Van Doorne's Automobiel Fabriek (DAF), and continued after the takeover of its parent by Volvo in 1972–1975. When financial difficulties threatened to close it down in the early 1990s the government stepped in to ensure its survival.
A joint venture between the Dutch State, Volvo and Mitsubishi Motors began in August 1991, although it was 1996 before the name was officially changed from Volvo Car B.V. to Netherlands Car B.V. On February 15, 1999 the Dutch government sold its shares to its two partners, which then owned 50 percent each. Later, on March 30, 2001, Volvo sold its shares to Mitsubishi, which then owned 100 percent. The plant's long-term survival was in question from 2001, when then Mitsubishi Motors Chief Operating Officer Rolf Eckrodt stated that its annual vehicle production capacity had to increase to 280,000 if it wished to remain economically viable. The last Volvo automobiles were built in 2004.
Between 2004 and 2012 the Mitsubishi Colt was built at Nedcar. The factory also produced the Colt's sister vehicle, the Smart Forfour, for DaimlerChrysler until production ceased in mid-2006. Industrial action in 2005 protested the discontinuation of the Smart Forfour, although Mitsubishi confirmed its commitment to keeping the factory open as far as the end of the Colt's life cycle in 2009. Since then, European market versions of the Mitsubishi Outlander have had their production transferred from Japan to the Netherlands from 2008, while since 2009 the Outlander-based Citroen C-Crosser and Peugeot 4007 for the European market have also been assembled at Born. Labour union FNV, NedCar COO Joost Goovaarts and the works council have said it is a step towards securing the future of the plant.
In 2012, Mitsubishi announced it would stop producing cars in the Netherlands.
Dutch coach manufacturer VDL acquired the factory in December 2012 and renamed it VDL Nedcar. VDL entered negotiations with BMW which resulted in the announcement that certain Mini models would be produced in the Limburg factory from 2014 onwards.
Models and production years
- DAF 33 (1967–1972)
- DAF 44 (1967–1975)
- DAF 55 (1968–1972)
- DAF 66 (1972–1975)
- DAF 46 (1975–1976)
- Volvo 66 (1975–1981)
- Volvo 340/360 (1976–1991)
- Volvo 480 (1986–1995)
- Volvo 440/460 (1987–1997)
- Volvo S40/V40 (1995–2004)
- Mitsubishi Carisma (1995–2004)
- Mitsubishi Space Star (1998–2005)
- Smart Forfour (2004–2006)
- Mitsubishi Colt (2004–2012)
- Mitsubishi Outlander (2008–2012)
- Citroën C-Crosser (2009–2012)
- Peugeot 4007 (2009–2012)
- Mini (2014-)
- Mini Countryman (Planned 2016)
|1992||94,019||Volvo 440/460, Volvo 480|
|1993||80,246||Volvo 440/460, Volvo 480|
|1994||92,044||Volvo 440/460, Volvo 480|
|1995||98,454||Volvo 440/460, Volvo 480, Volvo S40/V40, Mitsubishi Carisma|
|1996||145,090||Volvo 440/460, Volvo S40/V40, Mitsubishi Carisma|
|1997||197,225||Volvo 440/460, Volvo S40/V40, Mitsubishi Carisma|
|1998||242,804||Volvo S40/V40, Mitsubishi Carisma, Mitsubishi Space Star|
|1999||262,196||Volvo S40/V40, Mitsubishi Carisma, Mitsubishi Space Star|
|2000||214,974||Volvo S40/V40, Mitsubishi Carisma, Mitsubishi Space Star|
|2001||189,188||Volvo S40/V40, Mitsubishi Carisma, Mitsubishi Space Star|
|2002||182,368||Volvo S40/V40, Mitsubishi Carisma, Mitsubishi Space Star|
|2003||163,130||Volvo S40/V40, Mitsubishi Carisma, Mitsubishi Space Star|
|2004||187,600||Volvo S40/V40, Mitsubishi Carisma, Mitsubishi Colt, Mitsubishi Space Star, Smart Forfour|
|2005||115,079||Mitsubishi Colt, Mitsubishi Space Star, Smart Forfour|
|2006||87,332||Mitsubishi Colt, Smart Forfour|
|2008||59,223||Mitsubishi Colt, Mitsubishi Outlander|
|2009||50,620||Mitsubishi Colt, Mitsubishi Outlander|
|2010||48,025||Mitsubishi Colt, Mitsubishi Outlander|
|2011||47,000||Mitsubishi Colt, Mitsubishi Outlander|
By 2011, the Nedcar factory produced 4.3% of the global output of Mitsubishi.
NedCar displayed the Access concept car at the 1996 Geneva Motor Show to demonstrate the company's product design and engineering capabilities. It was a 5-door hatchback, 4.25m long and fitted with a four-cylinder petrol engine. It was constructed with a mix of aluminium and plastics.
- "Key facts and figures", Nedcar official site
- "1,000,000th NedCar car produced", Mitsubishi Motors press release, October 4, 2000
- "Netherlands Car B.V. to become MMC subsidiary after acquisition of additional shares", Mitsubishi Motors press release, April 4, 2001
- "NedCar production target", Meuse-Rhine Journal, September 22, 2001
- "Mitsubishi Motors to Unveil New European Colt at Geneva Motor Show", Mitsubishi Motors press release, January 26, 2004
- "Strike at Mitsubishi factory", 4Car, April 21, 2006
- "Mitsubishi Motors transfers Outlander production for Europe", Mitsubishi Motors press release, September 18, 2007
- "Mitsubishi Motors transfers production of SUV for PSA Peugeot Citroen", Mitsubishi Motors press release, March 27, 2008
- "SUV redt Nedcar voor een paar jaar". Frits Baltesen, NRC Handelsblad, September 18, 2007
- "Notice regarding conclusion of a principal agreement on share transfer of the European subsidiary production site". Mitsubishi Motors. 11 July 2012. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
- "Nedcar rescue deal finalised". dutchnews. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- "Official start to Mini production in the Netherlands". Automotive Logistics. 22 July 2014. Retrieved 3 October 2014.
- "What Next For Mitsubishi’s NedCar And Normal Plants?". Automotive World. 21 October 2010. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
- "Mitsubishi to Shut Dutch Car Factory". Wall Street Journal. 7 February 2012. Retrieved 8 February 2013.