|Motto: "Programmed for Progress"|
|• City Council||Mayor R. A. "Dick" Nugent
|• City Manager||Christopher Duque|
|• Total||5.7 sq mi (14.8 km2)|
|• Land||5.7 sq mi (14.7 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||16 ft (5 m)|
|• Density||3,063.2/sq mi (1,182.7/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1363634|
The city is adjacent to the Jack Brooks Regional Airport in Port Arthur, which serves the nearby cities of Beaumont and Port Arthur. It is part of the Beaumont−Port Arthur Metropolitan Statistical Area. Nederland is also a part of an area known as "the Golden Triangle," which comprises Beaumont, Port Arthur, and Orange.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Attractions
- 4 Economy
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Government and infrastructure
- 7 Climate
- 8 Education
- 9 Media
- 10 Government and Infrastructure
- 11 Transportation
- 12 Notable people
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Nederland is located at .(29.973113, -93.996715)
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.7 square miles (15 km2), of which, 5.7 square miles (15 km2) of it is land and 0.18% is water.
Nederland was founded in 1897 by Dutch settlers (Nederland which literally translates to "Lowland" (non-plural) is the Dutch name for the Netherlands which means "low lands") as a repayment for financial services of Dutch bankers who financed the Kansas City Southern railroad line that runs through the center of the city. The more prominent families were named Rienstra, Doornbos and Van Oostrom, and their descendants still live in the area today. Tradition says they were attracted to the flat coastal terrain that reminded them of their homeland (although the heat most certainly did not). The downtown area continues to bear its English and Dutch street names today.
Nederland's early economy was driven by rice and dairy farming. However, the depression of 1907 and overproduction caused the rice industry in the town to collapse. Many Dutch settlers moved away from the area during this time, but a small percentage remained. After the Spindletop gusher discovery of 1901 and the establishment of the Sun Oil terminal near Nederland, the town became a residential community for the workers of the nearby oil terminals.
Nederland became incorporated as a township in 1940. The surrounding larger cities of Beaumont, Port Arthur, and Orange came to be known as the Golden Triangle. In the 1940s and 1950s, the Port of Port Arthur, and the Port of Beaumont were as important as New Orleans, Houston, or Galveston, and Nederland thrived as a result.
The refineries also attracted a large population of blue-collar laborers into the area. The area drew particularly heavily from southern Louisiana, and a strong Cajun flair is evident throughout the community. With the decline of oil prices in the 1980s, the local economy suffered and Nederland experienced slight population losses, but has stabilized in the late 1990s and 2000s.
The Orange Hotel was built in November 1897 on Boston Ave. near the current location of Bank of America. It was the primary housing location for visitors and oil and railroad workers. It was eventually abandoned and torn down around 1912.
The Nederland Pharmacy was opened in 1902 at the corner of Boston Ave. and Highway 347 and closed in 2002. A tanning salon now occupies the pharmacy building.
Langham Elementary School was originally built where the current elementary's playground currently stands. The current Langham Elementary School building was built in 1940.
Setzer's Hardware was built in 1898 as a rice storage facility at the corner of Boston Ave. and 11th St., and still stands today.
The Dutch Windmill Museum is an authentic replica of a Dutch windmill and was created to honor the settlers from Holland that founded Nederland. It was built in 1969 and contains donated items from Nederland's history. The museum is located in Tex Ritter Park on Boston Avenue.
The La Maison De Acadiens house is a replica of houses used by early French settlers of the area, many who still have descendants living in the region. It is located next to the Dutch Windmill Museum.
Festivals and Holiday Celebrations
Nederland Heritage Festival
The Nederland Heritage Festival began on the 75th anniversary of the founding of the town in 1973 as part of the city's Diamond Jubilee and has become known area wide and attracts over 100,000 people over the week of festivities, and includes multiple events during the week with carnival rides, pageants, a parade, golf tournament and live music to name a few. The Festival is celebrating its fortieth year in 2013.
The carnival is usually held on the second or third week of March, during the Nederland Independent School Districts' spring break. The other events are held beginning in February and running through the end of the carnival itself.
Fourth of July Celebration
The Nederland Parks department in conjunction with the Nederland Chamber of Commerce created a Fourth of July celebration that is held at Doornbos Park starting in 2012. The celebration includes fireworks, food and music along with entertainment for children. It is open to anyone in the area. The celebration is in its second year as of 2013.
Nederland's annual Christmas parade is usually held the second or third week of December, weather permitting. The parade hosted by the Chamber of Commerce and allows businesses and organizations throughout the area to enter bands,floats or other vehicles. This parade is a lighted parade that goes through the historic Boston Avenue downtown area and Nederland Avenue.
Homecoming is a week long event that encompasses several events during high school football season.
- A Pots and Pans parade, that is open to all residents (with pots or pans) occurs during the week and ends at the bonfire location near the football stadium. The bonfire itself happens after this parade.
- The homecoming parade occurs the day of the game, and involves all Nederland sports. It runs from Boston Avenue to Nederland Avenue.
- The crowing of the Homecoming Queen and naming of the Court occurs before the game starts.
Parks and Recreation
The City of Nederland manages six parks located throughout the city.
- Doornbos Heritage Park - Located at 2301 Ave. H. Named for the member of the Doornbos family that donated the land to the city. This park includes the Nederland City Swimming Pool, a duck pond, gazebos and several play areas for children. It is also the location of the Nederland Recreation Center.
- Tex Ritter Park - Located at 1500 Boston Ave. Named for country singer Tex Ritter, who is from Nederland, this park includes the Dutch Windmill and Les Maisons Acadiens Museum and a gazebo and eating area.
- Homer Nagel Park - Located at 3210 Ave G. Named for the former City Mayor who served the city for 38 years and died in 2011. This park has a fenced play area and climbing apparatus for children.
- Carl "Cropo" Leblanc Park - Located at 923 Boston Ave. Named for the former City Mayor and barber for 50 years and died in 2001. This park has a swings, slides and climbing apparatus for small children.
- South 5th st. Park - Located at 599 S. 5th st. This park contains a climbing apparatus and swings for children.
- Reinstra Heritage Park - Located at 820 Helena Ave. Named after another prominent family in Nederland, this park has walking paths and a covered picnic area.
According to the City of Nederland's 2010 Annual Financial Report the top employers in the city are:
|Ranking||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Nederland Independent School District||674|
|5||City of Nederland||104|
|6||Promise Hospital Healthcare||76|
|7||Sun Oil Co.||69|
As of the census of 2010, there were 17,547 people, 7,122 households, and 4,944 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,063.2 people per square mile (1,182.2/km²). There were 7,226 housing units at an average density of 1,270.5 per square mile (490.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.8% White, 10.7% Hispanic or Latino, 4% African American, 0.33% Native American, 2.8% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 3.4% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races.
There were 7,122 households out of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.6% were non-families. 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the city the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.3 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $53,231, and the median income for a family was $61,149. Males had a median income of $43,691 versus $25,457 for females. The per capita income for the city was $26,285. About 5.4% of families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.9% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure
In 2006 the city passed an ordinance mandating that sex offenders are banned from living within 1,000 feet of schools, parks, and daycare centers. The exceptions from the ban included circumstances where a daycare facility, park, or school was constructed or moved to a point within 1,000 feet of an existing residence of a particuilar sex offender.
In September 2013 the city amended its ordinance, requiring them to maintain signage at their residences on October 30 and 31 of every year between 4 PM and 11 PM to inform children that the residence does not participate in Halloween. The amendment also bans them from living within 1,000 feet of churches; libraries; private recreational parks that include youth athletic fields, playgrounds, and/or public pools; studios with instruction in sports or arts that offer classes for four or more children; and other facilities.
Nederland is within a subtropical coastal plains. The proximity to the coast contributes to high humidity during the summer months. The region also has its share of tropical storms.
On September 23, 2005, Nederland was hit by Hurricane Rita, a category 3 hurricane causing 12 billion dollars of damage in South East Texas and Southwest Louisiana.
On September 13, 2007, Nederland was hit by Hurricane Humberto, a category 1 hurricane. The eye of the hurricane passed over the city.
On September 13, 2008, Nederland was hit by hurricane-force winds of Hurricane Ike, a category 2 hurricane that came ashore at Galveston, TX and pushed an 18 foot storm surge ahead of it. The Golden Triangle area of Nederland, Port Arthur, Port Neches and Beaumont were spared from the surge by the sea wall that surrounds Port Arthur. Bridge City, Orange and the outlying areas were severely flooded.
|Climate data for Nederland, Texas|
|Record high °F (°C)||86
|Average high °F (°C)||62
|Average low °F (°C)||43
|Record low °F (°C)||11
|Precipitation inches (mm)||5.62
|Source: The Weather Channel |
Primary and Secondary Schools
The city is served by the Nederland Independent School District. The schools in Nederland include four elementary schools, two middle schools, and one high school serving approximately 5026 students as of 2012. Overall, the school district is rated as Recognized by the Texas Education Agency for 2011. The TEA did not make ratings available for 2012.
The four elementary schools are:
- Langham Elementary School - located at 800 S. 12th St. is rated as Recognized by Texas Education Agency for 2011.
- Helena Park Elementary School - located at 2800 Helena Ave is rated as Recognized by the Texas Education Agency for 2011.
- Highland Park Elementary School - located at 200 S. 6th St. is rated as Exemplary by the Texas Education Agency for 2011.
- Hillcrest Elementary School- located at 2611 Ave. H is rated as Exemplary by the Texas Education Agency for 2011.
The two middle schools are:
- C. O. Wilson Middle School - located at 2620 Helena Ave is rated as Academically Acceptable by the Texas Education Agency for 2011.
- Central Middle School- located at 200 N. 17th St. is rated as Academically Acceptable by the Texas Education Agency for 2011.
The City of Nederland is serviced by the Marion and Ed Hughes Public Library. The library is located at currently located at 2712 Nederland Avenue. The library was formerly located at 1903 Atlanta Avenue, and was named the D. Bob Henson Memorial Library, after the former City Manager that was killed in an accident.
Colleges and Universities
Lamar University, established in 1923, is an accredited member of the Texas State University System located in the nearby city of Beaumont, Texas. Lamar offers undergraduate (Bachelors), Masters and Doctorate degrees through the five main academic colleges: College of Business, College of Engineering, College of Education and Human Development,and College of Fine Arts and Communication.
Lamar Institute of Technology
Lamar Institute of Technology was established in 1990 and is located adjacent to Lamar University. LIT offers two-year degrees and certifications in industrial technology, business, health, public safety for the region, as well as paths to four-year degrees at other universities.
Lamar State College - Port Arthur
Lamar State College - Port Arthur is located south of Nederland in the city of Port Arthur, Texas, and offers two-year degrees and one year certificates. The college also provides freshman and sophomore level classes with paths leading to four-year degrees at state universities.
|Call Sign||Channel/Digital Channel||Location|
|KBTV||(Fox) 4/ Digital 40||Beaumont, TX|
|KITU||(TBN) 34/ Digital 33||Orange, TX|
|KFDM||(CBS) 6/ Digital 6.1||Beaumont, TX|
|KWBB||(CW) 14/ Digital 6.2||Beaumont,Lake Charles|
|KBMT||(ABC)12/ Digital 12.1||Beaumont,TX|
Nederland is served by three newspapers:
-The Beaumont Enterprise, which was founded in 1880 and is owned by the Hearst Corporation is a daily newspaper that serves the Golden Triangle and the surrounding area.
-The Mid-County Chronicle, which is owned by the Beaumont Enterprise and is published weekly. The Chronicle serves the Nederland and Port Neches area.
|KLBT||88.1 FM||Christian Contemporary|
|KGHY||88.5 FM||Gospel Music|
|KVLU||91.3 FM||Public Radio|
|KQBU||93.3 FM||Regional Mexican|
|K234AM (KRLR)||94.7 FM||Christian Contemporary|
|KYKZ (CP)||96.1 FM||Country|
|KFNC (CP)||97.5 FM||Sports|
|KTJM||98.5 FM||Regional Mexican|
|KSHN||99.9 FM||Adult Contemporary|
|KTCX||102.5 FM||Urban Contemporary|
|KHJK||103.7 FM||Adult Album Alternative|
|KQQK||107.9 FM||Regional Mexican|
|KZZB||990 AM||Gospel Music|
Government and Infrastructure
Nederland has a council-manager system of government.
Current city officials are:
|Mayor||R. A. "Dick" Nugent|
|Mayor pro tem||Bert Rogers|
|City Manager||Christopher Duque|
Allan Ritter [R]: State Representative for District 21. His district office is located in Nederland.
Tommy Williams [R]: State Senator for District 4. His district office is located in the Woodlands.
Randy Weber [R] is the representative of the 14th Congressional District of Texas for the 113th US Congress.
John Cornyn [R] is the senior United States Senator representing Texas in the 113th United States Congress.
Ted Cruz [R] is the junior United States Senator representing Texas in the 113th United States Congress.
Approximately 15 miles north is Interstate 10, which serves as a main east-west corridor from Florida to California.
US 69/287/96 runs along the west side of Nederland, from Port Arthur to Beaumont and merges with Interstate 10.
FM 365 runs along the south side of Nederland from Port Neches to Winnie and merges with Interstate 10.
Nederland is served by the Jack Brooks Regional Airport, formally named the Southeast Texas Regional Airport located on the west side of the city. The airport has daily flights to Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, with connecting flights to destinations beyond.
- Davy Arnaud, professional soccer player for Major League Soccer's Montreal Impact
- Clay Buchholz – Pitcher for the Boston Red Sox. Pitched a no-hitter in 2007, in second MLB start.
- Walt Davis, 1952 Olympics gold medalist in the high jump
- Victor Lynn Lovelady, killed in Algeria in the In Aménas hostage crisis
- Kendrick Perkins, professional basketball player of the NBA's Oklahoma City Thunder
- Bum Phillips (September 29, 1923 – October 18, 2013), former NFL head coach, father of former head coach of the Dallas Cowboys, now offensive coordinator of Houston Texans, Wade Phillips.
- Tex Ritter (January 12, 1905 – January 2, 1974), American country singer and actor and the father of actor John Ritter
- Lance Watson, professional soccer player for Major League Soccer's Kansas City Wizards
- Brian Sanches, pitcher for the MLB's Houston Astros
- John Varley (author), Hugo and Nebula award-winning science-fiction 
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Christian, Carol. "East Texas town blocks sex offenders from areas with 4 or more kids." Houston Chronicle. September 10, 2013. Retrieved on September 10, 2013.
- Block, JR, W.T. "TULIPS AMID THE BLUEBONNETS: THE CENTENNIAL OF NEDERLAND, TEXAS". Retrieved 26 January 2013.
- , Nederland Heritage Festival website
- "City of Nederland - Recreation Site". Retrieved 15 February 2013.
-  2010 City of Nederland Financial Report
- "American Fact Finder". Retrieved 8-11-2011.
- "Revisiting IKE". Beaumont Enterprise. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
- "Monthly Averages for Nederland, TX". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 31 May 2012.
- Nederland ISD Webpage
- "Post Office Location - NEDERLAND." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- "Davy Arnaud". MLS Network. Retrieved November 23, 2012.
- "Boston Red Sox Official Website". Retrieved 26 January 2013.
- "Abdelmalek Sellal: Canadian ID'd as Shadad coordinated Algeria attack". UPI. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
- ADAM NOSSITER and ALAN COWELL (1 March 2011). "Official says 38 hostages were killed at gas field". Herald Tribune. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
- "Kendrick Le'Dale Perkins". Basketball-Reference.Com. Retrieved November 23, 2012.
- "Brian Lee Sanches". Baseball-Reference.Com. Retrieved November 23, 2012.
- "John Varley Official Website". Retrieved 26 January 2013.
- City Home Page
- Nederland, Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online
- Nederland Heritage Festival Website