|This article does not cite any references or sources. (July 2011)|
|• Official||Malayalam, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||KL-69 KL-06/KL-37|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Idukki|
|Climate||cold climate which may come down to 10c (Köppen)|
Nedumkandam is the headquarters of Udumbanchola taluk which is situated in Idukki district of the Indian state of Kerala. Nedumkandam is among the fastest growing towns in the Idukkidistrict. Nedumkandam is well known for its spices production and is a major contributor to the production of spices like cardamom and pepper. It is 3200 feet above sea level and is a destination for economical stay and shopping for tourists in the popular Kumily-Munnar tourist route.
Geographically, Nedumkandam lies in between the Periyar Tiger reserve/Thekkady and the hill station of Munnar. It is known as the land of migratory farmers, most of whom have migrated from Central Travancore areas like Kottayam, Palai, Kothamangalam and Muvattupuzha in search of better agricultural land in the 1960s to 1980s period. The land occupies the modern nedumkandum was either bought by the migrants from the native tribal people who were the traditional inhabitants of the land or was encroached from the then evergreen rain forests of western ghat. Most of these forests have now converted to agricultural lands or gave-way to the modern township. The major agriculture crops produced here are cash-crops like cardamom, pepper and coffee. Besides there are a wide verity of other cash crops also cultivated in small scales.
The town of Nedumkandam is situated along the sides of Thekkady and Munnar state highway almost midway between these two famous tourist destinations in western ghat and it extends a stretch of approx. 3 km. As a town with a history of less than four decades, it is a testimony to the high rate of migration from the low lands of Kerala in that time span where elephants roamed until the early sixties. It has evolved as a major township for the neighboring villages with Hospitals, Educational institutions, Banks and a spate of Government offices littered among the business centers. Pepper and cardamom are the mainstays of the economy. Pepper cultivation is predominantly a Malayalee activity. Land holdings are small, generally ranging from 10 cents to 5 acres (20,000 m2) and a couple of cows for a family are common. In the dawn hours, riders with pails of milk can be seen descending to the town from their boards in the hills around Nedumkandam. The milk, collected by societies and carted off to Kochi, Kottayam etc. has sustained many a family in the lean years after their pepper vines were decimated by the wilt disease.
Cardamom farms are larger and about half of the owners are Tamilians whose parents ascended the ghats from Cumbam, Bodinaikanur areas of Tamil Nadu to cultivate the forest soils of the Cardamom Hill Reserve areas. Nearest Picnic Spots are Ramakkalmedu,Kailasapara,Thooval falls, Kallumekallu,Mankuthimedu,Neyyandimala.
" RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS "
INDIAN CARDAMOM RESEARCH INSTITUTE, Mayiladumpara,Nedumkandam
Kerala University's institute of cardamom research, Pambadumpara
Numbers of education institutes are located at Nedumkandam
College Of Applied Science (IHRD) Nedumkandam (04868-234472)
M.G University College of Teacher Education Nedumkandam.
Govt. Polytechnic College,Manjapetty, Nedumkandam.
S.M.E Nursing School Nedumkandam.
Karuna Nursing School Nedumkandam.
Co Operative College Nedumkandam
Higher Secondary Schools
MES Higher Secondary School Vandanmedu PH:04868-288155
Holy Cross Senior Secondary School Nedumkandam.
Vijaya Matha Senior Secondary School Thookkupalam.
Govt. Vocational Higher Secondary School Nedumkandam.
Govt. Higher Secondary School Kallar.
Panchayath Upper Primary School Nedumkandam.
Sacred Heart English Medium School Nedumkandam.
St. mary's L P School, Chempalam.
St.thomas L P School Combayar.
SNDP L P School Pachady
||This article contains embedded lists that may be poorly defined, unverified or indiscriminate. (July 2011)|
Taluk Hospital Nedumkandam.
Medical Trust Hospital Nedumkandam.
Karuna Hospital Nedumkandam.
Places for worship
1.St Sebastians Forane Church
2. Shree Krishna Temple
3. NOOR MUHAMMADIYA JUMA MASJID,NEDUMKANDAM EAST (04868-232916)
4. TOWN MASJID,NEDUMKANDAM WEST
5. Uma Maheswara temple.
6. St. marys church
7. Shree Mahadeva temple Kavunthi,Chembalam
8. Subrahmanya temple Kallar
9. St.Jude church kailasapara
1. Rotary Club of East Hills Nedumkandam (http://www.rotarynedumkandam.com/)
2. Rotary Club of Nedumkandam
3. Lions club of Nedumkandam Greater
4. Lions Club of Nedumkandam
5. JCI Nedumkandam
SOUTH INDIAN BANK
STATE BANK OF TRAVANCORE
UNION BANK OF INDIA
- Zachariah, K. C. "The Impact of Emigration on the Economy and Society of Kerala". CDS. cds.edu. Retrieved 21 June 2013.