Nefyn

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Nefyn
NEFYN.JPG
A view over Nefyn
Nefyn is located in Gwynedd
Nefyn
Nefyn
 Nefyn shown within Gwynedd
Population 2,602 (2011)
OS grid reference SH304405
Community Nefyn
Principal area Gwynedd
Ceremonial county Gwynedd
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town PWLLHELI
Postcode district LL53
Dialling code 01758
Police North Wales
Fire North Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Caernarfon
Welsh Assembly Dwyfor Meirionnydd
List of places
UK
Wales
Gwynedd

Coordinates: 52°56′06″N 4°31′30″W / 52.93503°N 4.52499°W / 52.93503; -4.52499

Nefyn (Welsh pronunciation: [ˈneːvɨn]) is a small town and community on the north west coast of the Llŷn Peninsula in Gwynedd, Wales. Historically in Caernarfonshire, it has a population of 2,602.[1]

Welsh is the first language of almost 73% of its inhabitants. The A497 road terminates in the town centre. The community includes Edern.

History[edit]

The history of the area can be traced back to 300BC with the Iron Age hillfort of Garn Boduan overlooking Nefyn. The remains of 170 round stone huts and ramparts are still visible on top of the 917 feet (280 m) hill.

The earliest known reference to Nefyn in documents dates from the latter part of the 11th century, where it is mentioned as a landing place of the Welsh prince, Gruffudd ap Cynan.[2]

Gerald of Wales writing in his account of a journey around Wales in 1188 states he slept at Nefyn on the eve of Palm Sunday.

The town was the place of a jousting tournament held by Edward I of England in 1284 to celebrate his victory over the Welsh, emphasising its importance at that time as a trading town. In 1355 it became a free borough and remained an important centre of commerce.

The sea was always an important part of the economy of Nefyn and fishing, particularly for herring, became the prime trade for most of the 18th and 19th centuries: so much so that the town's coat of arms bears three herrings.

Parish church and origin of the name Nefyn[edit]

The foundations of the old St Mary's parish church date from the 6th century, although the present building was erected in 1827. It would have been an important staging post for pilgrimages to Ynys Enlli (Bardsey Island). The church is no longer a place of worship but houses a museum dedicated to the maritime history of Nefyn.

Nefyn is now part of a wider ministry area led by former hostage negotiator and Arsenal fan the Reverend Richard Wood.

The name Nefyn is thought to derive from the Irish/Gaelic name Nevin or Cnaimhín. The Romans recorded a tribe occupying the peninsula called the 'Gangani', who are also recorded as a tribe in Ireland. 'Nevin' as a name generally translates as 'Little Saint'. Nefyn is another form of Nyfain, an early Welsh female saint.

20th century and after[edit]

Nefyn and District Golf Club was formed in 1907. The course added a further 9 holes in 1912 and a third set of 9 holes in 1933. The current course is made up of a front Ten with a choice of two back eight's. It is set high on the sea cliffs of the slim peninsula overlooking Porthdinllaen bay.

Nefyn football club, Nefyn United F.C., was formed in 1932 and has enjoyed some success over the years winning numerous league titles. At present the senior team competes in the Welsh Alliance League, being promoted from the Gwynedd League in 2005/2006 season.

During World War II, the Royal Air Force built a Chain Home radar station to the south-west of Nefyn.

A tremor in the area on 12 December 1940 was reported by the Cambrian News as having caused two fatalities including John Thomas of Nefyn who died of a heart attack.[3]

On 19 July 1984 an earthquake measuring 5.4 on the Richter scale had an epicentre near Nefyn. This is one of the strongest tremors recorded in the UK for recent times but caused little structural damage.

It is twinned with Puerto Madryn, a town in Chubut Province in Argentina (see Welsh settlement in Argentina).

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2011 : Neighbourhood Statistics : Parish Headcounts : Sex
  2. ^ Roland Bond (2008). Nefyn: The story of an ancient Gwynedd town and parish. Gwasg Carreg Gwalch. ISBN 978-1-84524-124-7. 
  3. ^ Musson, RMW (2003) Fatalities in British earthquakes, in: Astronomy & Geophysics; 44 (1), 1.14–1.16. doi:10.1046/j.1468-4004.2003.44114.x
  4. ^ Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru. "Elizabeth Watkin-Jones". Retrieved 2009-05-29. 
  5. ^ Radio Times interview, 22 November 2008

Office for National Statistics - Neighbourhood Statistics - Welsh Language - 2011 Census [1]

Office for National Statistics - Neighbourhood Statistics - Full List - Parish of Nefyn - 2011 Census [2]

External links[edit]