Negative pedal curve

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Circle — negative pedal curve of a limaçon

In geometry, a negative pedal curve is a plane curve that can be constructed from another plane curve C and a fixed point P on that curve. For each point X ≠ P on the curve C, the negative pedal curve has a tangent that passes through X and is perpendicular to line XP. Constructing the negative pedal curve is the inverse operation to constructing a pedal curve.

Definition[edit]

In the plane, for every point X other than P there is a unique line through X perpendicular to XP. For a given curve in the plane and a given fixed point P, called the pedal point, the negative pedal curve is the envelope of the lines XP for which X lies on the given curve.

Parameterization[edit]

For a parametrically defined curve, its negative pedal curve with pedal point (0; 0) is defined as

X[x,y]=\frac{(x^2-y^2)y'-2xyx'}{xy'-yx'}
Y[x,y]=\frac{(x^2-y^2)x'+2xyy'}{xy'-yx'}

Properties[edit]

The negative pedal curve of a pedal curve with the same pedal point is the original curve.

External links[edit]