Negative relationship

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For inverse relationships in mathematical sets and functions, see inverse relation.

In statistics, a relationship between two variables is negative if the slope in a corresponding graph is negative, or—what is in some contexts equivalent—if the correlation between them is negative. Negative correlation is also variously called anticorrelation, inverse correlation, or inverse relationship.

Example:

"They observed a negative relationship between illness and vaccination."

As incident of vaccination is increasing, incidence of illness is decreasing, and vice versa.

Compare to a positive relationship: Observed a positive relationship between illness and missed work.

As incidence of illness increased, sick days taken also increased.

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