In the Turin Kinglist (8:1), he is mentioned under Merdjefare.
Nehesy's name is also known from scarabs. Arguably, he is the best-known ruler of the 14th Dynasty. At Tell Habwe, a pair of steles exist with his name. The creation of Nehesy's 14th dynasty kingdom—which dates to "stratum F (or b/3), corresponding to the late 13th Dynasty" at Tell el-Daba (Avaris)--according to the Austrian Egyptologist Manfred Bietak who dates this event to the period around or just after 1710 BC marks the slow disintegration of the 13th Dynasty state where henceforth "no single ruler was able to control the whole of Egypt" until Ahmose I captured this city. Nehesy's authority may have
- "encompassed the eastern Delta from Tell el-Muqdam to Tell el-Habua (where his name occurs), but the universal practise of usurpation and quarrying of earlier monuments complicates the picture. Given that the only examples that were certainly found at the sites where they once stood are those from Tell el-Habua and Tell el-Daba, his kingdom may actually have been much smaller."
After Nehesy's death, the 14th dynasty continued to rule in the Delta region of Lower Egypt with a number of ephemeral or short-lived rulers until 1650 BC when the Hyksos based 15th Dynasty at Avaris emerged.
Also an usurped seated statue by Merenptah is believed to belong to Nehesy, inscribed with "Seth, the Lord of Avaris". This should be compared with the 400-year-stele of Ramesses II commemorating the Jubileum of the Cult of Seth during the reign of Haremheb.
According to Manfred Bietak, the father of Nehesy may have been a military or administrative high official, who from the City of Avaris controlled the Northeastern part of the Nile Delta.
The Prenomen was Aashere meaning "the Hall of Council of Re is Great".
The Nomen was Nehesy (Nhsj) has been interpreted as "the Black One, the Nubian, the Kushite" suggesting he ethnically was a "Black Pharaoh".
- Janine Bourriau, "The Second Intermediate Period (c.1650-1550 BC)" in Ian Shaw (ed.) The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt, Oxford University Press, 2000. pp.190, 192 & 194
- Bourriau in The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt, p.191
- Bourriau in The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt, p.194
- The Oxford history of ancient Egypt By Ian Shaw p. 177
|This Ancient Egypt biographical article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|