Nehra

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Statue of Jujhar Singh Nehra, founder of Jhunjhunu town in Rajasthan

Nehra is an Indian Jat surname. It is based on gotra (clan) Nehra. Nehra gotra Jats are found in Rajasthan, Haryana, Delhi and Uttar Pradesh in India. The origin of Nehra is derived from Nehra mount in Sindh where they were the rulers. Nehras are descendant of Narishyanta[citation needed] (Narahari), son of Vaivasvata Manu and belong to solar race of Kshatriyas.[1]

History[edit]

Nehra jats ruled in Rajasthan over an area of 200 square miles (520 km2). The Nehra hills of Rajasthan were their territory. To the west of Jhunjhunu town is a Hill 1,684 feet (513 m) above see-level and visible from miles around.[2] This hill near Jhunjhunu town is still known as Nehra Hill in their memory.[3] Another hill was known as Maura which was famous in memory of Mauryas. Nehra in Jaipur was the first capital in olden times. In the fifteenth century Nehras ruled at Narhar, where they had a fort. At Naharpur, 16 miles (26 km) down below the Nehra Hill, there another group ruled.[3] The present Shekhawati at that time was known as Nehrawati.[1]

At the end of 16th century and beginning of 17th century there was a war between Nehras and Muslim rulers. When Nehras were defeated by nawabs, they used to offer gifts to the Nawabs on special occasions, due to this they were also called 'Shahi bhentwal'.[3]

In the history of Nehras, Jujhar Singh Nehra or Jhunjha (1664–1730) played an important role in fighting with the Nawabs. His father was a faujdar of Nawabs. Jujhar Singh when became young was made the general of the army of Nawabs. He had a dream to establish Jat rule in India. He was planning to have a joint rebellion against the Muslim rule in India. He had heard the stories of rebellion by Jats of Bharatpur such as Gokula and Raja Ram. Meanwhile he came in contact with one Rajput Shardul Singh, who was an employee of the Nawabs. The Jats through Jujhar Singh and Rajputs through Sardul Singh agreed upon a proposal to fight united against Muslim rulers and if the Nawab were defeated Jujhar Singh would be appointed the Chieftain.[3]

Jujhar Singh one day found the right opportunity and attacked Nawabs at Jhunjhunu and Narhar. He defeated the army of Nawab Sadulla Khan on Saturday, aghan sudi 8 samvat 1787 (1730 AD). The Nehra chieftain Jhunjha or Jujhar Singh won the war and captured Jhunjhunu town.[3] This is clear from the following poetry in Rajasthani language -

Satrahso Satashiye, Agahan Mass Udaar,

Sadu linhe jhunjhunu, Sudi Athen Sanivaar.

Prior to this, Jhunjhunu was controlled by the Muslim Nawab Rohella Khan. The Muslim Nawab 'Sadulla Khan', in charge of Jhunjhunu, was defeated jointly by Shardul Singh and Jujhar Singh Nehra. But, as per Kunwar Panne Singh's book 'Rankeshari Jujhar Singh', Later at the time of victory ceremony Jujhar Singh was deceived and killed by Shekhawats after he was appointed the chieftain.[4] It is clear from the poetry in Rajasthani language -

Sade, linho Jhunjhunu, Lino amar patai,

Bete pote padaute pidhi sat latai.

Jhunjhunu town in Rajasthan was established in the memory of Jujhar Singh Nehra the above Jat chieftain.[3] There are 1760 villages of Nehras in Rajasthan.

Nehra in Sindh[edit]

Nehras were rulers of Nehrun state in Sindh at the time of attack on Sindh by Muhammad bin Qasim in 710. Present Hyderabad city was settled on the land of Nehrun. The Hyderabad city was then named Nehrun Kot and was called the heart of the Mehran.[5] in India nehra found in haryana, rajasthan, madhyapradesh,uttarpradesh. in haryana sehar in bhiwani distt

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Distribution in Rajasthan

Locations in Jaipur city

Ambabari, Bagruwalon ka Rasta, Gandhi Nagar, Ganesh Colony (Khatipura), Jaisinghpura (Sanganer), Khatipura, Maharani Farm, Murlipura Scheme, Queens Road, Sanganer, Shanti Nagar, Tonk Road,

Villages in Jaipur district

Nahra (नहरा) Jats live in villages: Biharipura Sawli (6), Kacholya (1),

Nehra (नेहरा) Jats live in villages: Biharipura Sawli (1), Itakhoi, Jaisinghpura, Kanchroda, Kareda Khurd (1), Prempura Phulera, Anantpura (Dudu), Khudiyala, Shahpura,

Villages in Jodhpur district

Raimalwara,

Villages in Sikar district

Bhakarwasi, Bibipur Bara, Dhaud, Deenwa Jatan, Chomu Purohitan (Khatushyamji), Disnau, Doogoli, Ghassu Ka Bas, Gungara, Gyanpura, Harsawa Bara, Jassi Ka Bas (Govindpur), Jatwas, Jhira Ki Dhani, Kalyanpura Shekhisar, Katrathal, Kotri Dhayalan, Molyasi, Nayabas, Nehra Ki Dhani, Patoda, Prempura, Rinau, Shyampura Sikar, Sihot Chhoti, Sikar, Thikaria,

Villages in Barmer district

Balotra, Deepla, Nehron Ki Nari, Nehron Ka Bera, Nehron Ka Tala, Nehron Ki Dhani, Nehron Ki Dhani Khurd, Nokhra (100),

Villages in Jhunjhunu district

Bhukana, Devrod, Dewalawas, Dighal, Gugan Ki Dhani (4), Kaliyasar, Kithana, Khudot, Lodipura, Nehron Ki Dhani, Pilani, Swami Sehi, Singhana Sanwlod, Sanwlod, Tara Ka Bas,

Villages in Churu district

Bamaniya, Biramsar, Ghanghu, Ragha Bari,

Villages in Hanumangarh district

Anupsahar, Bashir, Bhanai, Kalana, Momanwas, Motsara, Sangaria, Sherpura,

Villages in Nagaur District

Balsamand Nagaur, Hudeel, Maulasar, Namand, Noond, Payali, Purohiton Ka Bas, Sudrasan,

Villages in Chittorgarh District

Deokheda (2), Jalaudia (4), Subi (5),

Villages in Tonk District

Bagdi (2), Kalyanpura Bagdi (1), Khandwa (1), Rindalya (1), Sirohi Village,

Distribution in Haryana Village in Kaithal district SONGRI

Villages in Hisar district

Kalwana, Nidaana (Near Meham), Niyana

Villages in Fatehabad district

Khileri, Laharian (near Bhuna),

Villages in Sirsa district

Paniwala Mota,

Villages in Sonipat district

Jauli,

Village in Yamunanagar District

Chagnauli, Sukhpura, village in bhiwani district sehar, paju Village in Karnal district - Hassanpur


Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Meerut district

Gaonri, Meerut, Mohiuddinpur Meerut,

Villages in Muzaffarnagar district

Muzaffarnagar,

Villages in Hartras district

Nahroi,

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Mandsaur district

Ralayta (Multanpura), Ralayta (Multanpura), Afjalpur, Mandsaur,

Villages in Nimach district

Nimach (1), Aspura (2), Dhokalkheda (2), Harwar (17), Hanumantia (1), Khor Vikram (2), Kundala (4), Roop Pura (1),

Villages in Ratlam district

Villages in Ratlam district with population of Nehra gotra are:

Banjali 11, Dheekwa 21, Jharsandala 1, Mundari 2, Namli 2, Sinod 1,

Villages in Ratlam district with population of Nera gotra are:

Gunawad 19, Negarda 1, Salakhedi 1,

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Mansa district Nahran is village in Sardulgarh tahsil in Mansa district in Punjab.

Villages in Sangrur district Naro Majra is Village in Malerkotla tahsil of Sangrur district in Punjab.

Notable persons of Nehra clan

Notable persons of Nehra clan[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudi, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar, Adhunik Jat Itihasa (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ a b c d e f Thakur Deshraj, Jat Itihasa (Hindi), Maharaja Suraj Mal Smarak Shiksha Sansthan, Delhi, 1934, 2nd edition 1992 page 614-615.
  4. ^ Kunwar Panne Singh, Rankeshari Jujhar Singh
  5. ^ Thakur Deshraj, Jat Itihas (Hindi), Maharaja Suraj Mal Smarak Shiksha Sansthan, Delhi, 1934, 2nd edition 1992 page 701.

External links[edit]

Tara Singh Nehra Shree Logistics Pvt Ltd Banarpal, Dist- Angul (Odisha)