Nehru–Gandhi family

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Nehru Gandhi Family
Ethnicity Mixed ethnicity
Current region New Delhi
Place of origin India
Notable members Motilal Nehru
Jawaharlal Nehru
Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
Indira Gandhi nee Nehru
Braj Kumar Nehru
Feroze Gandhi
Rajiv Gandhi
Sanjay Gandhi
Sonia Gandhi
Maneka Gandhi
Rahul Gandhi
Varun Gandhi
Traditions Hinduism[1][2]

The Nehru-Gandhi family is a prominent Indian political dynasty. Their political involvement has traditionally revolved around the Indian National Congress. Members of the family have traditionally led the Congress party and the Republic of India since independence. They have contributed to the growth of the country and fought for social justice and secularism.The Nehru family starts with the Mughal man named Ghiyasuddin Ghazi. He was the City Kotwal i.e. police officer of Delhi prior to the uprising of 1857, under the Mughal rule. After capturing Delhi in 1857, in the year of the mutiny, the British were slaughtering all Mughals everywhere. The British made a thorough search and killed every Mughal so that there were no future claimant to the throne of Delhi. So, the man Ghiyasuddin Ghazi adopted a Hindu name Gangadhar Nehru and thus saved his life by the subterfuge. Ghiyasuddin Ghazi apparently used to reside on the bank of a canal (or Nehr) near the Red Fort. Thus, he adopted the name ‘Nehru’ as the family name.

The Guardian wrote in 2007 "The Nehru Gandhi brand has no peer in the world — a member of the Gandhi family has been in charge of India for 40 of the 60 years since independence. The allure of India's first family blends the right to rule of British monarchy with the tragic glamour of America's Kennedy clan."[3]

Contrary to popular belief, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was not related to this family. The Gandhi surname came from Feroze Gandhi, whom Indira Priyadarshini Nehru (the daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru) married, and later chose to change her name to Indira Gandhi after marriage.[citation needed]

Family tree[edit]

  • Gangadhar Nehru originally Ghiyasuddin Ghazi (1827–1861) was an Indian police officer, who remained the last kotwal of Delhi (Chief police officer), prior to the Indian Rebellion of 1857. He was the father of freedom fighter Motilal Nehru and grandfather of Jawaharlal Nehru who was the first Prime Minister of India, thus part of the Nehru–Gandhi family.[1]

First generation[edit]

Second generation[edit]

  • Jawaharlal Nehru (1889–1964) was the first Prime Minister of India. He was one of the most prominent leaders of the Indian independence movement and had succeeded his father as President of the Congress in 1929.
  • Kamala Nehru (1899–1936) was the wife of Jawaharlal Nehru. She was a prominent social reformer and was involved in the national politics of India during her lifetime. She was an active member of the All India Congress Committee.
    • Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi née Nehru (1917–1984) was the only child of Jawaharlal Nehru. She was the third Prime Minister of India and was also the President of the Congress.
    • Feroze Gandhi (1912–1960) was a prominent Indian politician and journalist, son in law of Jawaharlal Nehru and husband of Indira Gandhi. Note that Feroze Gandhi is not related to Mahatma Gandhi.
  • Brij Lal Nehru (born 1884) was a cousin of Jawaharlal Nehru. He was the Finance Minister of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir during the rule of Maharaja Hari Singh.
  • Rameshwari Nehru (1886–1966) was the wife of Brij Lal Nehru.
    • Braj Kumar Nehru (1909–2001) was the son of Brij Lal Nehru and a nephew of Jawaharlal Nehru. He was notable as the Indian diplomat and ambassador to the United States and as High Commissioner to United Kingdom. He later served as Governor of several Indian states and was a top advisor of his cousin Indira Nehru-Gandhi

Third generation[edit]

  • Indira Gandhi (1917–1984) was the third Prime Minister of India. She was also the President of the Congress.
  • Feroze Gandhi (1912–1960) was an Indian politician and journalist, son in law of Jawaharlal Nehru and husband of Indira Gandhi. Feroze Gandhi is not related to Mahatma Gandhi. Feroze Khan and Indira fell in love with each other but the inter religion marriage was not acceptable to Nehru as it would have portrayed a bad political image in the then mildly conservative Indian society. When he confided to Mahatma Gandhi about this, Gandhi gave Feroze Khan his surname.[citation needed] They got married as per Hindu rites and have two sons Rajiv Gandhi and Sanjay Gandhi.
  • Braj Kumar Nehru (1909–2001) was a cousin of Indira Nehru-Gandhi. He was notable as the Indian diplomat and ambassador to the United States and as High Commissioner to the United Kingdom. He later served as Governor of several Indian states and was an advisor of his cousin Indira Nehru-Gandhi.
  • Magdolna Nehru (1908) is the widow of Braj Kumar Nehru.

Fourth generation[edit]

  • Rajiv Gandhi (1944–1991) was the eldest son of Indira and Feroze Gandhi. He was the 6th Prime Minister of India
  • Sonia Gandhi (1946) is the widow of Rajiv Gandhi. She was Italian. She took Indian citizenship 11 years after marrying Rajiv Gandhi. She is the President of the Indian National Congress and has served as the Chairperson of the ruling United Progressive Alliance in the Lok Sabha since 2004. In September 2010, on being re-elected for the fourth time, she became the longest serving president in the 125-year history of the Congress party. Led Congress Party to victory in two successive elections.
    • Rahul Gandhi (1970) is the only son of Rajiv Gandhi and Sonia Gandhi. He is the vice president and also General-Secretary of the Congress. He is the Chairman of the Congress coordination panel for 2014 Lok Sabha polls.
    • Priyanka Vadra (1972) is the only daughter of Rajiv and Sonia Gandhi. She holds no active position in the Congress party but has featured prominently in campaigns.
  • Sanjay Gandhi (1946–1980) was one of the most powerful politicians in India during the 1970s. During his lifetime he was widely expected to succeed his mother as Prime Minister of India and President of the Congress, but following his early death in a helicopter crash his older brother Rajiv became their mother's heir, and succeeded her as Prime Minister after her death.
  • Maneka Gandhi (1956) is the widow of Sanjay Gandhi. She is a prominent politician in India but is estranged from the rest of her family. She is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party.
    • Varun Gandhi (1980) is the only son of Sanjay Gandhi and Maneka Gandhi. He is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party National Executive and the youngest National Secretary in the history of the party.

Fifth generation[edit]

Priyanka Gandhi is the daughter of Rajiv Gandhi and Sonia Gandhi. She married to Robert Vadra.

Genealogy[edit]


Photos[edit]

The Nehru family, standing (L to R) Jawaharlal Nehru, Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, Krishna Hutheesing, Indira Gandhi and Ranjit Pandit; Seated: Swaroop Rani, Motilal Nehru and Kamala Nehru (circa 1927).
Anand Bhavan, ancestral home of the Nehru-Gandhi Family in Allahabad, India.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Traditional Hindu wedding for Priyanka Gandhi. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
  2. ^ Mrs Gandhi Hindu daughter in law says Retrieved 16 July 2013.
  3. ^ "The making of the Gandhi dynasty | News | guardian.co.uk". Guardian. 2007-05-09. Retrieved 2012-08-01. 
  4. ^ Gandhi, Rahul (20 January 2013). "Rahul Gandhi gets bigger role in Congress, appointed party vice-president". The Times of India. Retrieved 19 January 2013. 

External links[edit]