Neißemünde

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Neißemünde
Neißemünde   is located in Germany
Neißemünde
Neißemünde
Coordinates: 52°04′00″N 14°43′00″E / 52.06667°N 14.71667°E / 52.06667; 14.71667Coordinates: 52°04′00″N 14°43′00″E / 52.06667°N 14.71667°E / 52.06667; 14.71667
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Oder-Spree
Municipal assoc. Neuzelle
Subdivisions 4 districts
Government
 • Mayor Ute Petzel (ZN)
Area
 • Total 41.77 km2 (16.13 sq mi)
Elevation 35 m (115 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 1,728
 • Density 41/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 15898
Dialling codes 033652 und 033657
Vehicle registration LOS

Neißemünde (Neissemuende, literally Mouth of the Neisse river) is a municipality in the Oder-Spree district, in Brandenburg, Germany. It belongs to the Amt ("municipal federation") Neuzelle, which has its administrative seat in the neighbouring Neuzelle municipality.

Geography[edit]

The municipal area is located in the historic Lower Lusatia region, close to the border with Żytowań in Poland. Near the village of Ratzdorf, the Lusatian Neisse discharges into the Oder River. Both rivers mark the German eastern border along the Oder–Neisse line.

Subdivision[edit]

Since 31 December 2001, the Neißemünde municipality consists of the following four villages:

  • Breslack (Lower Sorbian: Brjazowy Ług)
  • Coschen (Kóšyna)
  • Ratzdorf
  • Wellmitz

History[edit]

Archaeological excavations of Globular Amphora culture artifacts denote a settlement of the area since the Neolithic. The region along the Oder and Neisse rivers was settled by Polabian Slavs (Sorbs) from about 600 onwards and in 965 became part of the Imperial March of Lusatia. The village of Wellmitz was first mentioned in a 1300 deed issued by Margrave Theoderic IV. The etates then belonged to the Cistercian abbey of Neuzelle, confirmed by Emperor Charles IV in 1370.

In 1846 Wellmitz and Coschen were connected to the Lower Silesian-Mark Railway line from Berlin to Breslau. The village of Ratzdorf was heavily affected by the 1997 Central European flood; reconstruction was funded, inter alia, through a substantial donation by US singer Michael Jackson.

Demography[edit]

Development of Population since 1875 within the Current Boundaries (Blue Line: Population; Dotted Line: Comparison to Population Development of Brandenburg state; Grey Background: Time of Nazi rule; Red Background: Time of Communist rule)
Neißemünde:
Population development within the current boundaries
[2]
Year Population
1875 2 719
1890 2 691
1910 2 459
1925 2 515
1933 2 570
1939 2 474
1946 3 555
1950 3 644
1964 2 842
1971 2 569
Year Population
1981 2 046
1985 2 007
1989 1 918
1990 1 874
1991 1 842
1992 1 817
1993 1 811
1994 1 809
1995 1 843
1996 1 854
Year Population
1997 1 909
1998 1 925
1999 1 896
2000 1 917
2001 1 903
2002 1 912
2003 1 890
2004 1 880
2005 1 884
2006 1 868
Year Population
2007 1 840
2008 1 807
2009 1 795
2010 1 761
2011 1 747
2012 1 728

Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.[3]

References[edit]

External links[edit]