The Detroit Opera House is located at Broadway and Grand Circus. The east necklace of Downtown links Grand Circus and the stadium area to Greektown along Broadway. The east necklace contains a sub-district sometimes called the Harmonie Park District, which has taken on the renowned legacy of Detroit's music from 1930s through the 1950s to the present. Near the Opera House and emanating from Grand Circus along the east necklace are other venues including the Music Hall Center for the Performing Arts and the Gem Theatre and Century Club. The historic Harmonie Club and Harmonie Centre are located along Broadway. The Harmonie Park area ends near Gratiot and Randolph. The Detroit Athletic Club stands in view of center field at Comerica Park. Part of the east necklace, the area contains architecturally notable buildings planned for renovation as high-rise residential condominiums such as the Gothic Revival Metropolitan Building at 33 John R St. The Hilton Garden Inn is also in the Harmonie Park area. The east necklace area is serviced by the People Mover at Cadillac station and Broadway station.
Midtown Detroit is an area covering roughly two square miles between Downtown Detroit to the south and New Center to the north along Woodward Avenue. Its boundaries are the Ford, Chrysler, Fisher, and Lodge Freeways. It includes the Art Center and the Medical Center in the northeast quadrant, Wayne State University's campus, the Detroit Public Library, and the Detroit Historical Museum in the northwest, and the Cultural Center including various restaurants, galleries, newly constructed lofts/condos and nightlife venues along Woodward in the center, among other things.
The New Center area is a mixed use commercial and residential district adjacent to Midtown and located approximately three miles (5 km) north of the city's downtown, and one mile (1.6 km) north of the Cultural Center Historic District, around the intersection of Woodward Avenue and Grand Boulevard (which is sometimes referred to as The Boulevard). Developed in the 1920s, it was designed to create a business hub that would offer convenient access to both downtown resources and outlying areas. Some historians believe that the New Center may be the original edge city - a sub-center remote from but related to an urban core. From 1923 to 1996, General Motors maintained its world headquarters in the New Center (in what is now Cadillac Place) before relocating downtown to the Renaissance Center. Cadillac Place, a National Historic Landmark is now occupied by State of Michigan government offices. The Detroit St. Regis Hotel is across from Cadillac Place. The descriptor "New Center" derived its name from the New Center News, an automotive-focused free newspaper begun in 1933 that continues to operate under the name Detroit Auto Scene. New Center Park hosts summer events held around Independence Day. The Fisher Building, a National Historic Landmark, is considered an Art Deco masterpiece, sits in the New Center.
Palmer Woods is known for its elm-lined streets, large brick homes, and Tudor style architecture. Palmer Woods is located on the west side of Detroit. It is bordered by 7 Mile Road, 8 Mile Road, Woodward Avenue, and the Sherwood Forest neighborhood. Lots are large, with ample room for trees, play equipment, and a good expanse of grass. It is the home of physicians, academics, business owners, artists, executives and their families.
In the book Getting Ghost: Two Young Lives and the Struggle for the Soul of an American City, author Luke Bergmann said "Yet the most devastating quality of Detroit's urban blight is not in its most awe-inspiring vistas but rather in its sheer ubiquity, as neighborhood after neighborhood, from the far northwest to the deep southeastern corners of the city, are home to many blocks where property values have barely risen since the 1950s and abandoned houses are an expected feature of the landscape."
Bricktown separates the Renaissance Center from Greektown. Bricktown is home to St. Peter and Paul's Catholic Church, the oldest standing church in Detroit, and the Italian Renaissance style Wayne County Building (which was saved from demolition in the early 1980s). The Wayne County Courthouse, once located in the Wayne County Building, was the place where Mae West was once a defendant on a charge of public indecency. Bricktown is known for its live music venues. Jacoby's German Biergarten (1904), the city's oldest surviving pub, provides a small performance space for up & coming acts. St. Andrew's Hall is a venue for nationally touring acts, as is the Shelter in the basement of St. Andrew's.
The Broadway Avenue Historic District is located along a single block of Broadway Avenue, and contains eleven commercial buildings built between 1896 and 1926. The area was developed in the late 19th century as a commercial area catering to the women's trade, and included businesses such as hairdressers, florists, corset makers, and fashionable clothiers. Three buildings in the district — the Cary Building, Harmonie Centre, and the Merchants Building — are individually listed on the NHRP.
Campus Martius is a historic district and central gathering place which contains parks, Woodward Fountain, the Michigan Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument, and a large traffic circle surrounded by commercial and residential high-rises including 1001 Woodward Avenue. Since the traffic circles restoration and expansion, it has emerged as a central gathering spot downtown with a mainstage.
Capitol Park itself is a triangular plot of land (now a public park) bounded by Shelby Street, Griswold Street, and State Street. A courthouse was built in Capitol Park in 1823-28; when Michigan became a state in 1837, the building served as the state capitol. The Historic District includes the park and seventeen surrounding buildings for a block in each direction, including the Farwell Building, the Griswold Building, the David Stott Building, and the Industrial-Stevens Apartments.
This is the historic financial district of Detroit which dates to the 1850s and contains prominent skyscrapers. Ornate skyscrapers in Detroit (including the Guardian Building, the Penobscot Building, and One Woodward Avenue), reflecting two waves of large-scale redevelopment: the first in 1900–1930 and the second in the 1950s and early 1960s.
The Lower Woodward Avenue Historic District contains thirty-four commercial buildings built at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the twentieth, many by noted architects. It contains the downtown's historic street-side shopping district.
In the 1920s, Detroit's prestigious Grand Circus Park was crowded with buildings and development began to spill north from Grand Circus Park up Park Avenue. In 1923, the Park Avenue Association was formed. They planned the street to concentrate high-grade commercial and office space at the south end, and prestigious residential development at the north end, much like New York City's Fifth Avenue. The district includes the Women's City Club, the Royal Palms Hotel, and the Kales Building.
Buildings along this section of Randolph Street have been used for retail since the area was first built up in the 1840s; the building at 1244 Randolph was built during the period of original construction. As the city grew, larger commercial buildings were required and the other structures on Randolph were constructed.
Brush Park is the 22 block area bounded by Mack on the north, Woodward on the west, Beaubien on the east, and the Fisher Freeway on the south. This neighborhood is within the larger area known as Midtown. The Woodward East Historic District, located within the locally-designated Brush Park historic district, is particularly known for the High Victorian style residences constructed for Detroit's wealthiest citizens. Although many of the once-grand houses have been demolished in recent years, those remaining exhibit a variety of Victorian style subtypes and architectural details.
The Cass Corridor is bounded by Woodward Ave. to the East, West Grand Blvd. to the North, the John C. Lodge Freeway to the West, and the Fisher Freeway serves as its southern terminus in Downtown Detroit.
Originally home to some of Detroit's wealthiest residents from the late 19th to mid-20th century, it developed as the hub of urban arts and culture in Detroit. Wayne State University expanded in the area to encompass much of the original Cass Corridor.
The Cass-Davenport Historic District includes four apartment buildings near the corner of Cass Avenue and Martin Luther King Boulevard. Two are typical of the small scale, luxurious apartment buildings built in Detroit near the turn of the 20th century and two are typical of the large scale, high density apartment buildings constructed between 1915 and 1930.
In the mid-1880s, D. M. Ferry platted his seed farm near Woodward into residential lots. East Ferry Avenue was quickly settled by prosperous middle and upper middle class Detroit residents. Although Woodward Avenue has since been redeveloped into primarily commercial property, the mansions and upscale housing on East Ferry survives. The district includes the separately-designated Col. Frank J. Hecker House and the Charles Lang Freer House.
The Midtown Woodward Historic District spans two blocks along Woodward Avenue, and contains three Alber Kahn-designed structures—the Addison Hotel, Kahn Print Shop, and the Temple Beth-El—in addition to the C. Howard Crane-designed Fine Arts Theatre.
This district contains a mix of building styles. Upper-class Detroit citizens built single-family homes in the area in 1880–1895. During the same time, apartment living became more popular, and duplexes and small apartment buildings were constructed in the 1890s through the first part of the 20th century. Commercial development was added to the mix in the years after World War I.
The West Canfield Historic district is located on a primarily residential block of Canfield. Homes in the district are examples of Queen Anne architecture that have remained nearly unchanged since the late 19th century. A boundary increase (added 1997-09-22) added buildings on Third Avenue between Canfield and Calumet to the district.
The Woodbridge neighborhood was originally developed between 1870 and 1920 with residences built in Queen Anne, Colonial Revival, Georgian Revival, and 'cottage' style architecture. The original commercial districts in the neighborhood were located along Grand River, Trumbull, Twelfth and Fourteenth. The boundaries of the District were increased twice: first on 1997-12-01, and 2008-03-20; these are distinguished in the boundary listings with "also" descriptions. Woodbridge is one of Detroit's rapidly developing neighborhoods as nearby Wayne State University continues to grow.
The Arden Park-East Boston Historic District was platted in the 1890s east of Woodward in what was then the far northern reaches of Detroit. The neighborhood was platted with large lots which feature richly planted trees and flowers, and attracts wealthier residents; some of the neighborhood's first residents included Frederick Fisher, John Dodge, and J.L. Hudson. The neighborhood, along with nearby Boston-Edison (also on the register) remained a premier address for residential living in Detroit with about 92 large homes and mansions.
The New Amsterdam Historic District contains a mix of industrial, commercial, and government/utility buildings constructed primarily near the turn of the 20th century. Industry in the district was enabled by the construction of major railroad infrastructure, known as the Milwaukee Junction, in the 1890s. The district includes the original Cadillac assembly plant.
The Cadillac Place and the Fisher Building are National Historic Landmarks in the New Center area. The significant complex demonstrates some of the finest craftsmanship and artistry in Art Deco style buildings. Both were funded by the Fisher brothers (of Fisher Body) and designed by Albert Kahn. New Center is a vibrant residential community.
The area along Piquette was an important center for automobile production in the early 20th century. Ford Motor Company, Studebaker, Cadillac, Dodge, and Regal Motor Car had plants in the area, as well as suppliers such as Fisher Body. In 1911, the two largest automobile producers in the world, Studebaker and Ford, were located next door to each other on Piquette. The district in cludes the National Historic Landmark Ford Piquette Avenue Plant.
In 1893, Virginia Park was platted with 92 relatively small lots. Requirements ensured that only well-to-do businessmen and professionals could afford to erect a home in the neighborhood. Most of the homes were built between 1893 and 1915, in Tudor, Neo-Georgian, Bungalow and Arts and Crafts architectural styles.
Along 7 Mile Rd. from Woodward Ave. east to John R. Rd.
Designated in 1999 as an economic district featuring Chaldean-owned businesses, it has a history of residential settlement primarily by Chaldean Christian immigrants dating from the 1960s. Chaldean Town is often seen as a "staging area" for new immigrants to settle before moving on to other ethnic enclaves in the northern suburbs of Detroit, though many retain the ownership of businesses in the area after moving to the suburbs.
East of Palmer Park Golf Course. South of 7 Mile. East of Woodward Ave. West of John R. North of Highland Park.
A little known gem of a neighborhood with uniquely designed houses in an enclave of historic homes. Some of its stately homes sit on double-sized tree-lined lots built in the 1920s and 1930s. Once farmland owned by the Grix family in then Greenfield Township. Platted in 1913 by Frank Grix as the Grixdale Home Park Subdivision. The stretch of Woodward Ave. (between 6 Mile and 7 Mile Roads) along Grixdale Farms is recognized as the first full mile of concrete paved road in the United States.
The land that this historic district sits on was once the estate of Thomas Palmer. In 1925, Walter Briggs hired Albert Kahn to design an apartment building in the area (this building, at 1001 Covington, was converted to condos in 2005). Forty buildings total were constructed in the district by multiple architects, including Weidmaier and Gay, Robert West, and William Kapp. Most of the buildings were constructed in the 1920s and 1930s, but development continued until 1965.
Palmer Woods Historic District is named after Thomas W. Palmer, a prominent citizen of 19th-century Detroit and a United States Senator; the district sits on land originally owned by Palmer. The neighborhood was platted in the mid-1910s. It contains many large homes and mansions constructed primarily between from 1917 to 1929. The developer hired landscape architect Ossian Cole Simonds to design the layout.
North central, one mile (1.6 km) west of Woodward Ave.
Known for its tree-lined streets, architectural variety, central location in the metropolitan area, and strong sense of community, the neighborood is named for the University of Detroit Mercy (UDM).The neighborhood is bounded on the north by residential Seven Mile Road, on the south by McNichols Road and the UDM campus, and on the east by the Detroit Golf Club and Golf Club Estates. The western boundary is Livernois Avenue.
Detroit Public Library operates the Chandler Park Branch Library at 12800 Harper. The branch opened at its current location on March 23, 1957. The third floor collection has an emphasis on African American authors.
The tree-lined streets of East English Village feature a variety of homes ranging from small bungalows to large, luxurious older homes. The housing stock also includes a small number of two-family homes. Grosse Pointe borders it on the South.
German farmers established the area, but Polish immigrants flooded into the area when the Dodge Brothers plant opened in 1914. As of the 2000 census, over 22% of Hamtramck's population is of Polish origin; in 1970, it was 90% Polish. A large number of immigrants from the Middle East, and South Asia (especially Bangladesh) have moved to the area.
There are 422 single-family homes, two apartment buildings, five commercial buildings, and the McGregor Library located within the historic district. Of these, 392 single-family houses, both two apartment buildings, and the library are classified as contributing to the district's historic character. The surrounding North End neighborhood area is a focus neighborhood for the NEXT Detroit Neighborhood Initiative, with specific goals to beautify the neighborhood and strengthen civic leadership. Some in the city have accused the administration of using the NEXT Detroit Neighborhood Initiative to give tax breaks to speculators. Many musicians, such as Aretha Franklin, Smokey Robinson and Diana Ross, are from the North End.
7 Mile Road and Ryan Road to E Nevada Street and Mound Road
The Sojourner Truth Homes housing project is located there. The neighborhood was named after Captain John Krainz, a World War II hero from Detroit. Many Motown-ers singing groups such as The Dramatics & The Floaters, were from the Sojourner Truth housing projects. In 2009, Mayor Bing led a ribbon-cutting dedication of Krainz Park
Harper Avenue and I-94 to the north, Mack Avenue to the south, E. Outer Drive and Whittier to the west and Alter Road and E. Outer Drive to the east.
MorningSide is an upper east side neighborhood in Detroit encompassing 2.875 square miles (7.45 km2). It is characterized by red brick tudors with wide streets.
Van Steuban / Osborne
In May 2007, Osborn which is had about 37,000 residents, mostly middle income. In a period before May 2007 Osborne's population grew by 11%, a rarity in Detroit neighborhoods. During that period, the number of children grew by 35.8%; therefore most of the overall growth in Osborne was of an increase in children. In May 2007, per capita, Osborn had more children than any other neighborhood in Michigan. The neighborhood includes brick homes.
Eastern market, established in the 1850s, is the largest historic public market district in the United States. The district houses food wholesaling and processing businesses as well as public market sheds. St. Joseph Roman Catholic Church is near the Eastern Market.
Poletown East is neighborhood area bordering Hamtramck; the high proportion of Polish immigrants gave the neighborhood its name. A portion of the neighborhood known as Poletown became the General Motors Hamtramck assembly plant following the decision of a historic Michigan Supreme Court case.
In 1886, a parish dedicated to St. Charles Borromeo was established to minister to the eastside area where in influx of Belgians had settled. As Detroit grew, the parish grew along with it, with French, German, Irish, Scotch, and English congregants in addition to the original Belgians. By 1920, the congregation numbered over 3000.
The Eastside Historic Cemetery District consists of three separate cemeteries: Mount Elliott Cemetery (Catholic, established 1841), Elmwood Cemetery (Protestant, established 1846), and the Lafayette Street Cemetery (Jewish, established 1850), spreading over 150 acres (61 ha) in total. The cemeteries are known for the monuments, landscaping, and notable individuals interred there.
Indian Village has a number of architecturally-significant homes built in the early 20th century. Many of the homes were built by prominent architects such as Albert Kahn, Louis Kamper and William Stratton for some of the area's most prominent citizens such as Edsel Ford.
Bounded by Baldwin St. on the east.
Immediately west of West Village, Island View is bound by Jefferson to the south, Mack to the north, Baldwin to the east, and Mt. Elliott to the west. The eastern boundary of the neighborhood, Baldwin Street, was the Detroit city limit until 1891. The eastern portion features many large turn of the 20th century single and multi-family homes, apartment buildings and brick row houses. The western portion is home to several non-profits, including the Capuchin Soup Kitchen, the Earthworks Urban Farming Project, and Gleaners Food Bank. Large portions of the neighborhood, (especially the southeastern portion close to West Village) are undergoing a rebirth with several new housing developments by community-based Messiah Housing Corp. and Islandview Development Corp. English Village, a luxury condominium, townhouse and loft development is being constructed along Townsend, Sheridan and Field streets just south of Kercheval. Islandview is named for its close proximity to Detroit's island park, Belle Isle.
The district has recently seen a resurgence, with a Michigan Cool Cities grant, five million dollars worth of streetscape improvements, and rehabilitation of a number of anchor buildings in the district, such as the Platte Warehouse at Jefferson and Ashland and the Chalmers Building at Jefferson and Chalmers.
The West Village Historic District is a neighborhood just west of Indian Village Historic District. It is a primarily residential neighborhoods containing 275 single and two-family houses, thirty apartment buildings, and about twenty commercial structures of a wide range of architectural styles spread over 20 square blocks. It has many Victorian homes and four squares with apartment buildings and row houses interspersed in between. A walkable urban neighborhood, it is an advantageous location just 2 miles (3.2 km) east of downtown Detroit and minutes from Belle Isle State Park and the new Detroit Riverwalk make it a popular neighborhood. Many historic homes and apartment buildings have recently been restored. Its commercial areas include a short stretch along Agnes Street in the center of the neighborhood and along Kercheval and busy Jefferson Avenue.
The Bagley community is an area in Northwest Detroit whose boundaries are West Outer Drive to the north, Livernois Avenue to the east, West McNichols (Six Mile Road) to the south, and Wyoming Avenue to the west. The community's name is likely derived from Bagley Elementary School, which is the lone public school within the community. .
Stretches from Five Points east to Greenfield Road and from 8 Mile Road to Schoolcraft Road, Old Redford encompasses approximately 8 to 10 square miles (21 to 26 km²) of land. It was originally part of Redford Township outside of the city limits, but was annexed in 1926. Much of the housing stock near the center of the area is a mixture of early 1900s (decade) to 1940s homes. The Redford Theatre is within the area.
Construction in Rosedale Park was accomplished primarily in the 1920s and the late 1930s/early 1940s. houses were built in a multitude of styles, including English Tudor revival, Arts and Crafts, Bungalow, Colonial Revival, Dutch Colonial, American Foursquare, Prairie, but an English country esthetic seems to have been encouraged, and many homes have English Tudor details. In North Rosedale Park, there is a civic association (NRPCA), club house and park. The Rosedale Park Community House is home to the Jim Dandy Ski Club.
Warrendale is one of Detroit's largest neighborhoods. Its approximate borders are Joy Road to the north, Greenfield road to the east, and the city limits in other directions. Warrendale borders the communities of Dearborn and Dearborn Heights. Rouge Park, located on each side of the Rouge River, joins Warrendale.
Corktown is the oldest surviving neighborhood in Detroit, dating to the 1850s. The name comes from the Irish immigrants who settled there; they were predominantly from County Cork. The neighborhood is primarily residential, but the district does include some commercial buildings, mostly along Michigan Avenue.
Boundaried by Fort Street to the west with Clark Street and the Detroit River to its east.
Delray is a residential area in the industrial south side of the city. It is isolated from other residential communities by industrial warehouses and other commercial properties. Delray is bordered by the cities of Dearborn, Melvindale, and River Rouge to its south, Nearby is the Ford River Rouge Complex (constructed as the largest industrial complex in the world at the time).
Bounded by Dix Hwy. to the north, West Grand Boulevard to the east, Lafayette Ave. to the south, and Clark St. to the west.
Hubbard Farms is a residential neighborhood named after Bela Hubbard (1814–1896) who owned much of the area during his lifetime and whose Italianate mansion Vinewood rested on the property from 1856 to 1933. Originally a number of French ribbon farms, followed by farms and wooded estates, the area was annexed into the City of Detroit in 1885 which lead to the development of residential housing throughout. Significant architecture spans the years from approximately 1870 though 1930, representing a variety of styles including Victorian Eclectic, Italianate, Romanesque, Tudor Revival, Beaux Arts, and American Four Square.Clark Park, named for John Pearson Clark who donated the land to the city for use as a public park, is located in Hubbard Farms
Roughly, from Clark St. along W. Vernor Hwy. to Ste. Ann St., one block north of the Ambassador Bridge, Porter and Bagley, excluding the area within known as Hubbard farms.
With a 6.9 percent population rise to 96,000 from 1990 to 2000, the city's revitalized Mexicantown has improved the local economy. About half the residents are Hispanic, 25% are African American, 20% are non-Hispanic white and 5% are Arab American, according to the Southwest Detroit Business Association. Despite its name, the neighborhood's Hispanic community is not exclusively Mexican, and has a significant number of Puerto Ricans and other Hispanics as well. Though over half of the Hispanics in the area are of Mexican origin. It is known for Mexican cuisine at restaurants such as Mexican Village, Evie's Tamales, El Zocalo and Xochimilco. Restaurants, bakeries, and shops are located on Vernor Highway. Mexicantown has had a thriving economy in the 2000s (decade), as evidenced by new housing and increased business openings.Clark Park, named for John Pearson Clark who donated much of the land to the city, borders the neighborhood.Ste. Anne de Detroit Catholic Church is north of the Ambassador Bridge.
Boundaried by Dix Hwy. to the north, Waterman St. to east, Fort St. to the south, and Woodmere St. to the west.
Springwells Village is largely residential. It includes the West Vernor-Springwells and West Vernor-Lawndale Historic Districts Historic, which are commercial districts located along West Vernor Highway.
The West Vernor-Junction Historic District is a mixed use district located along West Vernor Highway. The district encompasses 160 acres (65 ha) and 44 buildings, including the Most Holy Redeemer Church, which was once estimated as the largest Catholic parish in North America. The West Vernor–Junction Historic District, which is listed in the National Register of Historic Places, is adjacent to Mexicantown and contains a large vibrant Latino community and resurgent neighborhoods.
The West Vernor-Lawndale Historic District is a commercial district located along West Vernor Highway between. The district encompasses 30 acres (12 ha) and 10 buildings. Patton Park named for U.S. General George S. Patton of World War II is within the district.
Greenberg, Michael R. (1999). Restoring America's Neighborhoods: How local people make a difference. Rutgers University Press. ISBN0-8135-2712-0.
Hill, Eric J. and John Gallagher (2002). AIA Detroit: The American Institute of Architects Guide to Detroit Architecture. Wayne State University Press. ISBN0-8143-3120-3.
Johnson, Lois and Margaret Thomas (2005). Detroit's Eastern Market. Wayne State University Press. ISBN0-8143-3274-9.
Meyer, Katherine Mattingly and Martin C.P. McElroy with Introduction by W. Hawkins Ferry, Hon A.I.A. (1980). Detroit Architecture A.I.A. Guide Revised Edition. Wayne State University Press. ISBN0-8143-1651-4.