Neighborhoods in Spokane, Washington
Spokane, Washington has neighborhoods ranging from the late Victorian-era to the contemporary. The neighborhoods officially recognized by the City of Spokane with a neighborhood council are listed alphabetically under two geographical divisions: those north of the Spokane River and those south. This division does not fit with the street grid of the city. Sprague avenue divides the north and south sides of the grid yet it lies south of the river. Neighborhoods not recognized with a council are listed within the official neighborhood in which they are located.
- 1 North Side
- 2 South Side
- 2.1 Browne's Addition
- 2.2 Cliff/Cannon
- 2.3 East Central
- 2.4 Grandview/Thorpe
- 2.5 Latah Valley
- 2.6 Lincoln Heights
- 2.7 Manito/Cannon Hill
- 2.8 Peaceful Valley
- 2.9 Riverside
- 2.10 Rockwood
- 2.11 Southgate
- 2.12 South Perry
- 2.13 West Hills
- 3 References
- 4 External links
The north side of Spokane consists of neighborhoods extending eight miles (13 km) from downtown, north into the suburban Mead area, and from the Spokane River Gorge in the west, eight miles (13 km) to Beacon Hill in the east. The north side is largely residential but contains several large retail districts as well as Gonzaga University and Whitworth University. Retail centers such as the Northtown Mall, and Northpointe Plaza lie along Division Street, the city's north-south meridian which splits into U.S. Route 395 and U.S. Route 2 near the city's northern edge.
Balboa/South Indian Trail
An arterial now runs along what was once a major Native American thoroughfare in the northwestern part of the city, along the edge of the Spokane River Gorge. Today, the area is dominated by suburban homes, many of which were built from the 1960s to the early 1980s. Many stands of native Ponderosa Pine trees cover the hills and prairies surrounding this neighborhood.
Five Mile Prairie
A cliff-ringed mesa five miles (8 km) north of downtown Spokane, and 500 feet (150 m) higher, "Five Mile" is one of Spokane's newer residential areas. Homes here tend to be expensive due to the views, and to the fact that the area lies within the Mead School District. Sky Prairie Park, Prairie View Elementary School and the Five Mile Grange are community hubs. The mesa's north and west slopes remain wild and forested. Although no retail business districts yet exist atop Five Mile Heights, the hill overlooks the commercial centers of Francis Avenue to the south, Indian Trail Road to the west, Wandermere to the northeast and North Division to the east. Mead High School is one mile (1.6 km) north of the hill. Holy Family hospital lies two miles (3 km) southeast.
A city chartered independently of Spokane, later incorporated into the Spokane city limits. "Downtown Hillyard", which runs along Market Street, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as a historic district. Hillyard was named in honor of Great Northern Railway magnate, James J. Hill. It is the poorest section of Spokane per capita. The construction of the new North Spokane Corridor freeway is expected[by whom?] to bring renewal to Hillyard's economy.
The Logan Neighborhood comprises the residential area just north of Gonzaga University in central Spokane. Gonzaga University students occupy many of the neighborhood's homes.
There are two connected campuses northeast of downtown, Gonzaga University, and the Riverpoint Campus housing Washington State University Spokane and Eastern Washington University Spokane. Plans call for increases in the student population in coming years, as well as additional housing, services, and entertainment geared toward a young, professional audience. Significant renewal and renovation, primarily of professional and medical business, is occurring in the area east of Division, west of Hamilton and north of the I-90 freeway.
This is a series of neighborhoods along Upriver Drive, along the north bank of the Spokane River about five miles (8 km) east of downtown Spokane. The area is known for the granite climbing rocks and hiking/biking trails of John H. Shields Park along Upriver Drive. The Centennial Trail bike trail and a series of small parks and swimming holes along the river make this a popular getaway for city residents. Homes tend to be older along the river, with some newer subdivisions appearing on the terraces and slopes above.
Also called 'Nevawood' this neighborhood in Northeast Spokane is home to Northtown Mall, which at one time was the largest mall west of the Mississippi. Many houses in this neighborhood were built in the mid-1970s, although new home construction is also common. Whitman Elementary School, Garry Junior High School and John R. Rogers High School are all located within the Lidgerwood neighborhood.
The Garland Historical District is a mid-20th century neighborhood located 2 miles (3.2 km) north of Downtown. The area (also known as the Garland Business District) is considered a walkable community with many local shops, pubs, and restaurants lining Garland Avenue, which runs east-west through the district. Garland is home to one of two Spokane-area Milk Bottles. Notable businesses and attractions include Ferguson's Café, the Garland Theater, a popular independent movie theater, and the Blue Door Theater, which bills itself as "The Inland Northwest's Premier Improv Company".
While the Milk Bottle (now a restaurant), and Garland theater serve as the neighborhood's most notable landmarks, Fergusons Café, which first opened in the 1930s, was featured in three movies, Vision Quest, Benny & Joon and Why Would I Lie?. On the night of September 25, 2011, the Milk Bottle restaurant, owned by Mary Lou Ritchie, and the historical Ferguson's Café, located next door, were heavily damaged in a fire. Fire investigators believe the fire started in a walkway between the two restaurants.
North Indian Trail
A suburban area within the northwestern corner of the Spokane city limits, North Indian Trail features some upscale homes overlooking the Spokane River Gorge. The area first began to develop in the 1970s with single-family subdivisions, and now features duplexes, apartment dwellings, and commercial areas. A shopping complex at the intersection of Indian Trail Road and Barnes Road serves surrounding communities including Five Mile Prairie, Rutter Parkway, Seven Mile and rural areas beyond.
A residential neighborhood in the northwest part of the city that features a large park and sports complex known as Shadle Park, also home to Shadle Park High School. The area is composed of post-war houses. There is also a site of historical interest here, Drumheller Springs, the site of the first white American-style school built in the Oregon Territory, circa 1830. Local Indians were taught here by Chief Garry, a chief of the middle Spokane people who preached Christianity and peace among the Native Americans that inhabited Inland Northwest. This site is now managed by the Spokane Parks and Recreation Department as a natural area, and has been adopted by the Upper Columbia United Tribes, for whom it is a traditional campground. A trail that once led from downtown Spokane all the way to Canada still runs through the preserve.
This neighborhood includes Washington State's largest historic district listed on the National Register of Historic Places, Nettleton's Addition. Like much of Spokane, West Central suffered from mid-century suburban flight earning the area the name of "Felony Flats" to locals, but 2000 Census data showed improvements. In "Socio-Economic Changes in Spokane County Census Tracts from 1990 and 2000," the Spokane-Kootenai Real Estate Research Committee noted "a distinct decline in poverty levels" in West Central. More recently, discussion of Kendall Yards, a large-scale "new urbanism" development bordering the southern edge of West Central, has sparked renewed interest in this historic neighborhood.
This area includes Manito Park, Lincoln Heights, Cannon's Addition, South Perry, Comstock, Moran Prairie, and Browne's Addition. The leafy west end of South Hill is one of Spokane's oldest residential areas. From Downtown, the view of the South Hill is dominated by evergreen trees and two large man-made features: Sacred Heart Medical Center, which is Spokane's largest hospital, and the Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist, seat of the Episcopal Diocese of Spokane and a magnificent example of modern English Gothic architecture.
A National Historic District west of Downtown, Browne's Addition was Spokane's first prestigious address. Notable for its array of old mansions built by Spokane's early elite, in Queen Anne and early Craftsman styles, the area also is home to Coeur d'Alene Park and the Museum of Arts and Culture (MAC). A prominent feature of the MAC is Campbell House, a turn of the 20th century mansion built by Amasa Campbell, a local mining magnate. The mansion was designed by renowned architect Kirtland Cutter. His daughter Helen Campbell donated the house to the Eastern Washington Historical Society, which subsequently built a museum on the east lawn. The English Tudor Revival home retains most of its original decor and is a favorite tour destination.
This neighborhood is bounded on the north by Interstate 90, which lies between Third and Fourth avenues. In the far northern portion of Cliff/Cannon are Sacred Heart Medical Center and Deaconess Hospital which anchor Spokane's medical district. Sitting between the two hospitals is the historic Lewis and Clark High School. This portion of Cliff/Cannon is separated from the rest of the neighborhood by a steep hill. In places, particularly in Edwidge Woldson Park two blocks south of Lewis and Clark, this hill is a sheer cliff of exposed basalt. Unofficially this hill marks the beginning of the multi-neighborhood region of Spokane known as the South Hill. Typically the hill is the transition from the city center to residential areas of the south side of the city.
On the western edge of Cliff/Cannon is another steep hill, this one carved by Latah Creek. The BNSF railroad and Inland Empire Way divide the Latah Valley neighborhood which is located West and lower, in terms of elevation, from Cliff/Cannon and the South Hill.
Cannon's Addition was named after and originally platted by Anthony McCue Cannon. The need for housing was great after the Fire of 1889 and many architects moved to Spokane to take advantage of the rapid growth that would ensue. The primary development of Cannon’s Addition occurred between 1900 and 1925. The first streets that were developed included Third, Fourth and Fifth Avenue. The northern portion of Cannon’s Addition, located closest to the city’s downtown core, quickly evolved into an area where the houses of prominent Spokane citizens were constructed. In the original 1883 platting of Cannon’s Addition, the streets included only went as far south as Tenth; Eleventh, Twelfth, Thirteenth and Fourteenth were added later. In 1887 J.T. Davis and Henry Brooks opened a brick yard on South Monroe between what would later be known as Cannon Hill Park and Cannon’s Addition. The site was rich in clay deposits, and the brick yard was later developed into the Washington Brick, Lime & Sewer Pipe Company. By 1900 Cannon’s Addition began to experience increased growth and evolved into a middle class residential neighborhood; over the next fifteen years Spokane grew from a city of 30,000 to a city of 100,000. Once the site of the brick yard had been exhausted of its clay deposits, the company moved its operations elsewhere and by 1909 the site was being developed into residential properties and Cannon Hill Park. After 1920 construction in Cannon’s Addition was minimal. The houses constructed during the development of Cannon’s Addition ranged in style from the American Foursquare, Tudor Revival and Neoclassical to more modest Craftsman and bungalow style houses.
This neighborhood was bisected when Interstate 90 came through decades ago, and it is still recovering. The area sits at the foot of the South Hill, east of Downtown along the freeway. With plans for feeder lanes to be added to I-90, there will likely be further impact upon the neighborhood. What remains of the residential integrity of the area lies to the south of I-90, mostly in an area known as Liberty Park. The area north of the freeway and east of Hamilton has had little renewal since its original development in the early 20th century. The area between Nevada and the Downtown area is currently experiencing renewal and renovation, with an emphasis on medical and professional business, and is part of the Spokane University District. Also is known to be a rougher area in spokane.
Two valleys mark the north and east sides of this neighborhood. On the east is the valley of Latah Creek and the literally named neighborhood of Latah Valley. On the north is the less steep valley of Garden Springs Creek which rises to the level of the majority of Grandview/Thorpe at the Garden Springs exit of Interstate 90. I-90 separates Grandview/Thorpe from the West Hills neighborhood, however these two city designated neighborhoods share the unofficial Sunset Hill neighborhood. Grandview refers to the subdivision located in the upper part of the northern half of the neighborhood, which was developed starting in the 1980s. It also refers to the view from said subdivision. The vista includes much of the north and south sides of Spokane, Downtown Spokane, Krell Hill and the Latah Valley. Thorpe is a road that runs west-southwest from U.S. Route 395 thru a valley immediately south of that subdivision. The area immediately surrounding and to the south of Thorpe Road is less developed than the Grandview section. The Fish Lake Trail runs parallel to the BNSF railroad tracks in this neighborhood south-southeast to Fish Lake between Spokane and Cheney, Washington.
An expansive neighborhood which stretches from the Riverside Ave. bridge over Latah Creek in the north, which is technically on the north side of the street grid, to the extreme southern boundary of the City of Spokane. The human geography of the neighborhood is divided into two distinct areas. The older Vinegar Flats neighborhood located on the valley floor in the northern portion and the more recent developments at Qualchan and Eagle Ridge located to the south on the western hillsides. Due to the expansive area of the neighborhood combined with the topographical relief bisecting nature of the U.S. Route 195, railroads and Latah Creek there are also smaller, isolated clusters of homes. The valley floor is located at approximately 1,800 feet above sea level and the surrounding hillsides rise to approximately 2,300 feet on the east and 2,200 feet on the west. The mouth of the creek at the Spokane River is located just beyond the neighborhood's northern border. To the east of the creek is a steep hill, undeveloped parkland except for railroad tracks in the northern portion, known as "the bluff" by locals. On the west side the hill is not as steep and is more developed. From the west Latah Creek receives Marshall Creek at approximately the intersection of Cheney-Spokane Road and U.S. 195. Garden Springs Creek, which flows thru the John A. Finch Arboretum before entering Latah Valley then enters immediately upstream of the I-90 bridge.
Located on the valley floor, Vinegar Flats is the longest inhabited area of Latah Valley. Inland Empire Way, which connects the area with the rest of the city, is the main arterial in Vinegar Flats. This area is a patchwork of small homes, empty lots, greenhouses, riparian areas along the creek and city parks. Immediately to the north of the neighborhood are the high bridges over the creek of I-90, Sunset Boulevard, and the BNSF railroad. Located beneath and around those bridges is the aptly named High Bridge Park. The park is mostly undeveloped along the hillside and creek but has a picnic shelter, maintained grass area and a disc golf course.
This area is composed of two separate but adjacent suburban style developments located along the hills in the southwestern portion of Latah Valley. This is the most modern part of the neighborhood as these two developments are still expanding. An unofficial neighborhood, the boundaries are roughly the intersection of Cheney-Spokane Road and U.S. 195 in the north, the city limits on the south and west, and U.S. 195 on the east. At the northern end is the commercial center of Latah Valley with a new grocery store, a gas station, restaurants and other small shops.
Lincoln Heights is a middle-class neighborhood that occupies most of the eastern side of the South Hill, from Southeast Boulevard (Perry Street, north of 29th Avenue) to the city limits. 37th Avenue is the southern boarder of the neighborhood, which stretches north (downhill) to a ridge that overlooks the valley of the Spokane River, at roughly 11th Avenue.
The neighborhood is centered on the intersection of 29th and Regal. The area around the intersection is one of the major commercial districts on the South Hill. Apartment complexes are common around the intersection, whereas the rest of the neighborhood is dominated by single family homes.
The boundaries of this area are considered to be approximately from Arthur Street to Lincoln Street in the east-west direction, and from 14th Avenue to 37th Avenue in the north-south direction. Best described as the area immediately surrounding Manito and Cannon Hill Park, which are separated by only two residential blocks, this neighborhood covers a fairly large area. Manito and Cannon Hill are centered prominently in this community. At one time, the park was a zoo with a number of "exotic" animals calling it home. Exhibits included an owl barn, penguins, and large cats of various species.
The neighborhood feeds many local elementary schools including Wilson, Roosevelt, Hutton, and Jefferson. There is also the Cataldo Catholic School one block north of Cannon Hill Park. Most elementary students move on to Sacajawea Middle School and then Lewis and Clark High School. This neighborhood is populated mostly by middle-class families and features homes from many eras, from Mid-Century Modern to Victorian to Arts & Crafts bungalow-style homes. Manito and Cannon Hill Park each have a boulevard running nearby which features many of the remaining Craftsman bungalow-style homes built, in some cases, as early as 1904.
A quaint, long-humble residential neighborhood descending into the Spokane River Gorge just west of downtown, Peaceful Valley is now undergoing change from surrounding upscale development in Browne's Addition, Kendall Yards and West Downtown. Still, the Valley remains one of the quietest, greenest, most affordable neighborhoods within easy walking distance of the city's core. A few luxurious riverfront homes mix with a greater number of small bungalows and apartments, some of which are tucked below the Maple Street Bridge. People's Park and Latah Creek bound the neighborhood to the west. In many ways, Peaceful Valley seems little changed since the film Benny & Joon was set and filmed here in 1993. It is also Spokane's oldest neighborhood in that large, native fishing villages once filled this area.
Spokane's central business core boasts recently revitalized shopping, housing and entertainment, with major projects recently completed and more underway. As with most river cities, Spokane's history revolves around its river, which tumbles through downtown in a series of rapids and falls known as Spokane Falls. Along the river is Riverfront Park (site of the 1974 World's Fair), the Inland Northwest Bank Performing Arts Center, the newly remodeled and expanded Convention Center, and the River Park Square shopping mall. Nearby one finds the Davenport Hotel, the growing Davenport Arts District, numerous shops, pubs and restaurants, and much new urban housing on the way, displacing many of the low-income residents and businesses that dominated downtown during the 1980s and '90s. Of note is a brand new neighborhood being developed on a former railyard in the northwestern periphery of the downtown core, though not technically within the Riverside neighborhood. The new development is called Kendall Yards, and follows similar projects in cities like Houston and Denver. It will feature over 1,500 new urban residences and tens of thousands of square feet of new shopping, entertainment, and office space, making it one of the largest upscale urban redevelopment projects in the country.
Downtown is home to Spokane's city and county government offices, most notably the Spokane County Courthouse, built in the style of a French chateau and featuring large turrets and spires. A similarly historic structure houses the Spokane Athletic Club, a Spokane social institution housed in a Georgian-style building designed by famed Spokane architect Kirtland Cutter. The Club sits just across Riverside Avenue from the Cathedral of Our Lady of Lourdes, seat of the Catholic Church in the Inland Northwest, and just across Monroe Street from the Thomas S. Foley United States Courthouse.
The recently rebuilt Monroe Street Bridge over Spokane Falls is a notable symbol of the city, long featured in postcards and in the city logo. Nearby is the modern main branch of the Spokane Public Library, with its expansive views of the Spokane River. Just down Monroe Street is the Fox Theatre, an art-deco movie theatre of yesteryear that recently underwent a multi-million dollar renovation to become the new home of the Spokane Symphony. At the north end of Riverfront Park is the 12,000 seat Spokane Veterans Memorial Arena, home to the Spokane Chiefs Hockey Club and Spokane Shock Arena Football Club. In addition to numerous local and regional events, the Arena plays host to events such as NCAA March Madness, numerous big-name concerts, and in 2007 and 2010, the U.S. Figure Skating Championships. Across Mallon Avenue from the Arena is the Flour Mill, a converted structure that once produced flour in abundance but now houses a variety of offices, shops, and restaurants.
An older residential neighborhood with many homes on the Spokane Register of Historic Places, Rockwood is part of the master plan of Spokane commissioned by the Olmsted Brothers, sons of Frederick Law Olmsted, designer of Central Park in Manhattan. The Olmsted Brothers recommended curving streets with a central boulevard winding through the heart of the neighborhood.
Many street names in the neighborhood help illustrate the topographical profile of Rockwood. Along with the namesake boulevard, streets such as Overbluff, Upper Terrace, Highland, Plateau, Pinecrest, and Woodcliff all include a reference to their geographic setting. Half of Rockwood is perched on a winding hillside where the valley carved by the Spokane River rises rather abruptly to the elevation of the Columbia Plateau. In places the elevation change is so dramatic that streets are cut off, for example on Perry Street a staircase rather than paved road connects Overbluff and 20th Avenue. Above the hillside the terrain is relatively flat. This change in elevation results in numerous basalt outcroppings within the neighborhood. Along with the exposed rocks this old neighborhood is full of mature trees, making Rockwood a very literal street name.
There are many large homes in the neighborhood, especially along Rockwood Boulevard and the surrounding hillsides. The rest of the neighborhood is generally composed of smaller single-family homes. Notable exceptions include the Spanish Colonial Hutton Elementary School at 24th Ave. and Plateau Rd., the Gothic Revival St. John's Cathedral at 12th Ave. and Grand Boulevard and the business district stretching north, from the cathedral, along Grand.
Located in the extreme south east of the city proper. Bounded on the north by 37th Avenue, on the west by Perry Street, and the city limits on the south and east. Southgate is experiencing growth in terms of both population and area due to its location. Development extends beyond the city limits and the city of Spokane is slowly annexing those areas. Annexations expanding the Southgate neighborhood have occurred in 1991, 2001 and 2006.
Regal Street is the main commercial district in the neighborhood, particularly around 43rd Avenue. 57th and Regal is a larger commercial district but 53rd is the southern boundary of the neighborhood. Ferris High School, which serves the eastern portion of the South Hill, is located in Southgate at Regal and 37th. Ferris is currently undergoing a massive renovation but was formerly a stylistic anomaly in Spokane. Ferris was made up of multiple buildings surrounding a central courtyard that were connected only by covered walkways. Spokane's climate during the winter is cold and snowy, which make crossing an outdoor campus between classes unpleasant.
Southgate is arguably Spokane's television capitol. KREM and KSPS-TV, the CBS and PBS affiliates respectively are headquartered in Southgate. The Ferris High School baseball field is all that separates the two stations. KHQ-TV, the NBC affiliate, was located directly across Regal Street from KREM until 2001 when it moved downtown to create an all digital facility. Along with the television studios numerous transmitters and towers are located within the neighborhood.
Originally known as the Grant Park addition, the neighborhood dates back to the late 19th century. In the old days, it had two lumberyards, a butcher shop, barber shop, library, ice cream parlor, bakery, steam cleaner and several grocery stores. Today the South Perry Business District is undergoing something of a gentrification-fueled renaissance. Trendy restaurants, bars, shops and cafes have taken over many of the storefronts along Perry Street.
Being located just to the southeast of the city center, South Perry was settled in the early days of Spokane and as a result is home to a good bit of history. Grant Elementary has been operating since 1900, though the original building no longer stands. The adjacent Grant Park was established in 1908. One of Spokane's oldest religious congregations, the Liberty Park Methodist Church, has kept its doors open since 1912. Sonora Smart Dodd, regarded as the founder of Father's Day, resided in the neighborhood with her husband. Their Dodd House, built in 1913, is listed on the Spokane Historic Register, the Washington State Heritage Register, and the National Register of Historic Places as a National Landmark. Some of the buildings in the business district date back from the early 1920s and feature some fine examples of local granite stonework, decorative shingles and there is even a Dutch windmill, something of a landmark for the area.
The West Hills neighborhood is located between Latah Creek and the Spokane River on the east and the city limits on the West. The topography of this neighborhood is very rugged, and as such it is essentially divided into two separate neighborhoods. Indian Canyon, the namesake of the public Indian Canyon Golf Course, has a 240 foot vertical drop carved by a small creek. That creek joins Latah Creek within feet of Latah Creek joining the Spokane River. Immediately north of Indian Canyon are large, old cemeteries that stretch from the river up the Basalt to beyond the city limits in some places. North of those is the new, in terms of development, section of the West Hills.
South of Indian Canyon is the Sunset Hill neighborhood. Sunset Hill is an old neighborhood, thanks to its proximity to the city center, especially when compared to the rest of West Hills. Located immediately west of Latah Creek from Browne's Addition, near to the east of Spokane International Airport, Sunset Hill features older neighborhoods with smaller houses, as well as new subdivisions; however, some of the lower parts of the hill are very poorly zoned areas with dirt roads, grass lots and very small, dilapidated homes. Sunset Hill is bisected by I-90 and Sunset Boulevard, which represents one of the remaining sections of the old U.S. Route 2, once the main road between Spokane and Seattle prior to the completion of Interstate 90. In fact, I-90 features one of the most striking views of the city and Mt. Spokane behind it in the distance, as seen by travelers heading east along the freeway upon reaching the crest of the Hill on their way down into the city. John A. Finch Arboretum, an expansive park filled with a variety of tree species and wildlife, is located on Sunset Hill. Those highways are located in a valley carved by Garden Springs Creek which runs down the middle of the arboretum. The grade carved by the creek is the least steep route from the Spokane River valley onto the Columbia Plateau and is conveniently located just west of the city center. Interstate 90 is the city's official division between the West Hills and Grandview/Thorpe neighborhood, though the unofficial Sunset Hill neighborhood straddles that division.
- Taylor, Kevin (2005-08-10). "Native Habitat". The Pacific Northwest Inlander. Retrieved 2013-03-30.
- Petit, Stefanie (2007-06-14). "Landmarks: Drumheller Springs park once site of Indian School". The Spokesman-Review, Spokesman.com. Retrieved 2013-03-30.
- Spokane City/County Historic Preservation Office, Historic Resources Inventory: Historic Cannon’s Addition (Spokane: The Office, 1992), unpaged.
- Lora Olson, “Cannon Hill Area Has Rich History,” Spokesman Review, July 21, 1988, S-9.
- Lora Olson, “Cannon Hill Area Has Rich History,” Spokesman Review, July 21, 1988, S-9.
- Albert, Jacob. "Vinegar Flats area ready for revitalization". www.spokesman.com Published: May 27, 2010. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
- Hallenberg, Pia. "Group works to maintain High Drive Bluff environment". www.spokesman.com Published: 6/12/2012. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
- City of Spokane – City Government