Nellie Peters Black

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Mary Ellen "Nellie" Peters Black (1851—1919) was a prominent organizer and activist related to women's issues in Georgia.[1] Black also promoted agricultural reform and increasing educational opportunities, especially for women.[2] She was an active member of the Atlanta Woman's Club as well as the Woman's Auxiliary of the Episcopal Diocese of Georgia.[2]

Childhood[edit]

Black's father, Richard Peters, moved from Pennsylvania to Georgia to survey the railroads, working as a civil engineer. He settled in Atlanta and married there.[2] Her mother, Mary Jane Thompson, was involved in social clubs and outreach in Atlanta, where Nellie grew up.[1] During the Civil War, Nellie helped her mother provide aid to wounded soldiers at various local hospitals.[2]

Activism[edit]

After graduating from Brooke Hall in Pennsylvania, Nellie Peters returned to Atlanta. She soon convinced city officials to build drinking fountains for horses exhausted from the summer heat; it was one of her first examples of civic activism.[2]

In 1877, Nellie married George Robinson Black who served as a state senator and later in Congress.[1] Soon after he died of a stroke, Nellie Black became more active in civic reform in Atlanta.[1] Stemming from her interest in public health, Black helped create the King's Daughters Hospital, the first free hospital in Atlanta.[2]

Black also served as the Vice President of the Atlanta Anti-Tuberculosis and Visiting Nurse Association, which provided free treatment to both black and white people in the highly segregated society established after the Reconstruction era.[2]

She worked to increase educational opportunities, especially for women.[2] Black was an active member of the Atlanta Woman's Club as well as the Woman's Auxiliary of the Episcopal Diocese of Georgia.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Black, Nellie Peters". Georgia Women of Achievement. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Chirhart, Ann Short (2009). Georgia Women: Their Lives and Times. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press. ISBN 0820333360.